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Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts

Friday, 12 May 2017

Essay on Physical Education

Education aims at bringing about an all-round development of an individual which in the psychological terms is called personality. To develop the personality of a child and shape it, his emotional, social and physical sides should not be overlooked but should also be developed along with his Intellectual and mental capacities.

Physical educator aims at not only developing the physical side of an individual but also his emotional, social and menial sides. It develops the function of various organs, strengthens them and improves their capabilities. It develops those parts of the brain which control coordination of various limbs, muscles and nerves. This process is something very complicated amid without physical exercises development of coordination cannot be attained.

Physical education has its corrective values also and alias at removing the functional defects of various organs muscles and nerves. it makes organs, that have lost function, work again. It also aims at preventing diseases, showing down the process of aging aid keeping a man lit when he is old.

Physical education aims at teach lug emotional and social behaviours. Through games and sports t child learns to be cooperative and to submit to the rules and laws. He learns to control his feelings, anger and reactions. He learns how to live amicably with others. He learns the principle of give and take. He learns the necessity of submission to authorities. He learns how to compete fairly in this world and how to achieve his goals honestly. He learns the importance of learn works. Endurance, tolerance and fortitude are the characteristics that an individual cultivates by taking part in games and sports.

Nature teaches us the importance of physical education from the beginning. The physical and mental development of a newly born child is brought about by nature through her physical activities. She uses her limbs all the time she is, awake. Grown up children imitate elders and like to play. These physical activities develop their physical aspects as well as mental aspects. They learn to tolerate each other and to behave in a rational way and the games make them forget their quarrels or disagreements to become playmates again.
Theoretically we recognize the importance of physical education but practically we have not given it its due place. In our school curriculum, we should include physical education as one of the subjects and students may l examined in theory and practice as in other subject.

Duties of a Student

An ideal student is the apple of his teachers eye, a source of great pleasure and satisfaction to his parents and guardians and an architect of his own future. During the period of studentship, he plans and prepares himself for his career. He lays the foundation stone of his future, cultivates habits and traits to make him a good citizen and develops the qualities that may ensure a happy, prosperous and successful life.

The first and the foremost duty of an ideal student is to devote a reasonable Lime to his studies daily. Learning and acquiring knowledge is the first thing required of a student but the time allotted for this must be judicious and reasonable. If he exceeds this limit it would be harmful as he would get tired and lose concentration. If he remains behind limit ho would not gain as much as is expected.

The second thing required of a student is to look after his physical side also. He must devote a reasonable time to games and sports. In olden days parents in general and teachers in particular considered indulgence of boys in games and sports as something undesirable and harmful. But to-day an educationist knows the value of games and sports and considers it necessary for physical and mental development and cultivation of habits and traits that may enable a student to lead a happy social life.

Discipline is another quality, an ideal student must possess. He must respect and obey his teachers and follow their instructions in terms of the instructions of our Holy Prophet. He is religiously bound to obey and respect his teachers and he has no option. Besides, he must respect the rules, regulations imposed upon him by his educational institution and his teachers. To observe discipline only in school, college or university is not enough. He must be disciplined in his home life, in play ground and elsewhere also.
An ideal student must help other weak students or his weak class fellows. He must try to remove their deficiencies and improve their knowledge by helping them in their studies. But he must not be proud of his knowledge and treat them as inferiors. He should not impress upon them his superiority but must real them as his equals.

An ideal student does not indulge himself in mean things like backbiting, mixing with bad characters, killing his time or quarrelling. He must cultivate the habit of being polite, courteous and in-offensive. He should take care not to offend a person physically, mentally or sentimentally, even unintentionally. He must not use abusive language or insults others to satisfy his instinct of revenge.
The last thing required of an ideal student is to take advantage of this period of studentship and try to prepare himself for the life ahead, so that he many lead a prosperous and happy life and may be prepared to encounter successfully untoward circumstances and fevers and frets of life.

A Rainy Day

After the scorching heat of summer, which makes grass, herbs and small plants wither, how gracious it is to have rains. The showers come as boon to men, animals and plants yearning for it.
As the raindrops leap on the thirsty ground, things change suddenly. The weather becomes pleasant. Cool gushes of wind feel most welcomed. The heat, that has become unbearable, abates. Men, animals and plants become fresh, wetting themselves and enjoying the rain.
A rainy day proves a source of joy to the students. They come to school totally drenched. They don’t appear to be in a mood to attend to their classes. They stand in verandah, talking, laughing and enjoying the day. The teachers are also not in a mood to teach. The headmaster declares, the rainy day as holiday and students go back to their homes again drenching and bathing in the rain. Light hearted and full of glee as they are then, they enjoy the downpour making noises, laughter’s and having to push each other down.

The little children enjoy a rainy day the most. They bathe in the rain, chase each other and throw the rain water on their friends. Some of them run about naked and enjoy the showers. They laugh, shout and do all sorts of mischievous. After the showers arc over the sail paper boats in the rain water.
A rainy day is also a boon to the matured and grown up people. Some of them, troubled with heat pricks, drench themselves in the rain to abate their agony. Those who are elderly sit and watch in raining, which comes as a boon after the trouble some heat of the summer.

Why Do We Need To Learn English

The importance of English cannot be ignored. It has become the international medium of communication because before World War II, the English People dominated the world and after World War II the Americans, who also speak English, dominate the world. But the importance of English in Pakistan is far greater than in other countries. To speak English is considered by people as something very superior and those who speak English consider themselves to be more cultured. Using English wards in daily Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon conversations has become the fashion and all persons using these words foci proud of this. Under these circumstances, when the entire nation has become mental slave of her former masters, the importance of English cannot be ignored.

Another important reason for adopting English as medium of instruction is that we do not have books on scientific and technical subjects in Urdu or provincial dialects and those available arc substandard as far matter is concerned. Under these circumstances we have no option but to learn English and continue to keep English as medium of instruction in our country, those who are learned and considered authorities on their subjects do not bother to write books in Urdu. They feel that they can better express their thoughts in English.

Students in general and science students in particular have no option but to learn English in colleges and universities they are given lectures in English Standard books on all subjects are available in English. The research materials are available in English. In examinations they must answer in English And believe me, the students up to intermediate level feel that they will get better marks if they submit their answer in English.

There is another important reason for learning English and continuing keep it as medium of instruction. Though Urdu has been declared as national language, English is used everywhere. The government files arc maintained in English and all official correspondence is done in English. In banks, insurance companies, factories and other offices English is used. In courts the medium of expression is English. Traders prefer to advertise in English and even the Pakistan television gives the schedule of its daily programme in English. Such being the importance’s given to English why should the students not learn English.

Our postgraduate students need to go to America or England for further studies and for doctorate. These countries do not give educational visas to those who are not able to pass the language examinations conducted by them. In our own countries we lack the research facilities which are available there. We must, therefore, continue to learn English and to keep English as a medium of instruction.

For our scientists, technicians, engineers and experts English will be always needed to keep in touch with the scientific and technical developments taking place abroad. Our own national language is not going to have such books for decades to conic and if we do not learn English we will remain ignorant or lag behind in the race for technical knowledge. One important thing must not be ignored. Due to fast developing regional prejudices and hatreds, it is only English that can provide the best link between people of all regions and us such English should be continued as medium of instruction and must he made compulsory from primary level.

Monday, 24 October 2016

Short Essay on Vocational Education

We have inherited our present educational system from our former masters, who needed only clerks and produced them. The result of following the same system after our masters have gone, continues to produce clerks who are now not needed in such a number. Consequently, we are faced with the acute problem of unemployment’s and to provide employment to all these graduates and post graduate is impossible. That is why in every house one or more unemployed graduates can be found. This unemployment is to be get crimes and hence the lawlessness and crimes are on the increase.
It is high time that the recognition to the need of vocational education is given. If started in earnest from school level and continued up to university, the problem of unemployment may be solved to a great extent and those who do riot get job may become self employed.

Our country is in the process of development. Industrialization of the country demands skilled labour, craftsmen, technicians and engineers. To meet the future demand the ministry of education should chalk out a programme to introduce vocational education at the school level.

It is sad that in the presence of polytechnic institutes, vocational education is not considered necessary at school level. But the fact is that these polytechnic institutes arc wasting energy and money. The teachers are mostly those who have passed examination of Diploma Associate They conic in the class and dictate notes from their notebooks which most of the students are unable to follow.

The practical side remains almost nil. In institute where there arc machines for practical work, they are never used and gel rusted. In the examine the students resort to copying from their notes and pass the examination with flying colours. In the practical examination, the examiner is himself ignorant so all the students arc asked oral questions. The result is that those who gel the diploma in a trade remain as ignorant and raw as they were at the time of admission.
What has been said above is no conjecture but is fact. In my family there are many such diploma holders and all of them know nothing about their trades. The government should review the scheme and arrange to provide able and experienced teachers in polytechnic institutes and should arrange for thorough practical training.

For practical training the students should be sent to factories, mills and works hops etc. Arrangements for practical training of these students may be made with those factories, mills and workshops and an expert of the trade is deputed to take their practical examination.

It is regrettable that industrialists in Pakistan prefer uneducated and untrained persons to those who are educated. This is because they have to pay less salary to these untrained and uneducated men. I know a man who was a first class Diploma Holder in electricity. He was employed as a labour in a mill on daily wages.

This tendency of not recognizing the need of trained technical hands, only with a view to saving money and becoming richer and richer is also a cause of discouragement to the boys to take technical education.

In nearly all the countries, technical education is given due importance. They have an elaborate scheme to get their students trained thoroughly. They also send their brilliant students abroad for specialized training.