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Showing posts with label English Grammar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label English Grammar. Show all posts

Friday, 12 May 2017

Essay on Physical Education

Education aims at bringing about an all-round development of an individual which in the psychological terms is called personality. To develop the personality of a child and shape it, his emotional, social and physical sides should not be overlooked but should also be developed along with his Intellectual and mental capacities.

Physical educator aims at not only developing the physical side of an individual but also his emotional, social and menial sides. It develops the function of various organs, strengthens them and improves their capabilities. It develops those parts of the brain which control coordination of various limbs, muscles and nerves. This process is something very complicated amid without physical exercises development of coordination cannot be attained.

Physical education has its corrective values also and alias at removing the functional defects of various organs muscles and nerves. it makes organs, that have lost function, work again. It also aims at preventing diseases, showing down the process of aging aid keeping a man lit when he is old.

Physical education aims at teach lug emotional and social behaviours. Through games and sports t child learns to be cooperative and to submit to the rules and laws. He learns to control his feelings, anger and reactions. He learns how to live amicably with others. He learns the principle of give and take. He learns the necessity of submission to authorities. He learns how to compete fairly in this world and how to achieve his goals honestly. He learns the importance of learn works. Endurance, tolerance and fortitude are the characteristics that an individual cultivates by taking part in games and sports.

Nature teaches us the importance of physical education from the beginning. The physical and mental development of a newly born child is brought about by nature through her physical activities. She uses her limbs all the time she is, awake. Grown up children imitate elders and like to play. These physical activities develop their physical aspects as well as mental aspects. They learn to tolerate each other and to behave in a rational way and the games make them forget their quarrels or disagreements to become playmates again.
Theoretically we recognize the importance of physical education but practically we have not given it its due place. In our school curriculum, we should include physical education as one of the subjects and students may l examined in theory and practice as in other subject.

Duties of a Student

An ideal student is the apple of his teachers eye, a source of great pleasure and satisfaction to his parents and guardians and an architect of his own future. During the period of studentship, he plans and prepares himself for his career. He lays the foundation stone of his future, cultivates habits and traits to make him a good citizen and develops the qualities that may ensure a happy, prosperous and successful life.

The first and the foremost duty of an ideal student is to devote a reasonable Lime to his studies daily. Learning and acquiring knowledge is the first thing required of a student but the time allotted for this must be judicious and reasonable. If he exceeds this limit it would be harmful as he would get tired and lose concentration. If he remains behind limit ho would not gain as much as is expected.

The second thing required of a student is to look after his physical side also. He must devote a reasonable time to games and sports. In olden days parents in general and teachers in particular considered indulgence of boys in games and sports as something undesirable and harmful. But to-day an educationist knows the value of games and sports and considers it necessary for physical and mental development and cultivation of habits and traits that may enable a student to lead a happy social life.

Discipline is another quality, an ideal student must possess. He must respect and obey his teachers and follow their instructions in terms of the instructions of our Holy Prophet. He is religiously bound to obey and respect his teachers and he has no option. Besides, he must respect the rules, regulations imposed upon him by his educational institution and his teachers. To observe discipline only in school, college or university is not enough. He must be disciplined in his home life, in play ground and elsewhere also.
An ideal student must help other weak students or his weak class fellows. He must try to remove their deficiencies and improve their knowledge by helping them in their studies. But he must not be proud of his knowledge and treat them as inferiors. He should not impress upon them his superiority but must real them as his equals.

An ideal student does not indulge himself in mean things like backbiting, mixing with bad characters, killing his time or quarrelling. He must cultivate the habit of being polite, courteous and in-offensive. He should take care not to offend a person physically, mentally or sentimentally, even unintentionally. He must not use abusive language or insults others to satisfy his instinct of revenge.
The last thing required of an ideal student is to take advantage of this period of studentship and try to prepare himself for the life ahead, so that he many lead a prosperous and happy life and may be prepared to encounter successfully untoward circumstances and fevers and frets of life.

A Rainy Day

After the scorching heat of summer, which makes grass, herbs and small plants wither, how gracious it is to have rains. The showers come as boon to men, animals and plants yearning for it.
As the raindrops leap on the thirsty ground, things change suddenly. The weather becomes pleasant. Cool gushes of wind feel most welcomed. The heat, that has become unbearable, abates. Men, animals and plants become fresh, wetting themselves and enjoying the rain.
A rainy day proves a source of joy to the students. They come to school totally drenched. They don’t appear to be in a mood to attend to their classes. They stand in verandah, talking, laughing and enjoying the day. The teachers are also not in a mood to teach. The headmaster declares, the rainy day as holiday and students go back to their homes again drenching and bathing in the rain. Light hearted and full of glee as they are then, they enjoy the downpour making noises, laughter’s and having to push each other down.

The little children enjoy a rainy day the most. They bathe in the rain, chase each other and throw the rain water on their friends. Some of them run about naked and enjoy the showers. They laugh, shout and do all sorts of mischievous. After the showers arc over the sail paper boats in the rain water.
A rainy day is also a boon to the matured and grown up people. Some of them, troubled with heat pricks, drench themselves in the rain to abate their agony. Those who are elderly sit and watch in raining, which comes as a boon after the trouble some heat of the summer.

A Rainy Day in Karachi

After various heat waves which make Karachi hell to live in, and compel the residents to crave for showers, the rains come as a great relief, a great boon and a great blessing. The burning roofs and walls become cool. It becomes pleasant all around and a wave of glee runs from one end of Karachi to the other.

As it begins raining young girls conic out in open on their rooftops and young boys and children in streets, lanes and roads to drench in the rain. They rejoice, laugh and enjoy the downpour. The remain bathing for hours in the rain gossiping, giggling and amusing themselves.
Small children enjoy the rain the most. They come out shouting, laughing giggling, chasing each other and doing all sorts of mischievous. They dance, jump, frisk and try to push each other down. Elderly people sit and look at the rain and the amusing children.

Shop keepers generally shut their shops and go home. Hawkers try to get some place to save their goods from being wet and get rotten afterwards.

But soon the source of pleasure becomes a source of troubles. Gutters overflow and since arrangements for the rain water to flow away are lacking, waist deep water stands on the roads. The buses, the taxis and the cars are toward as they stop due to breakdown. With the first shower, there is a breakdown of electricity and it may take hours to days to get the fault repaired. So darkness and heat trouble the residents of Karachi during that period.

For days after the rain the trouble continues. Children gather on the road and throw stagnant water into the passing buses and cars drenching the occupants with muddy water. Buses, taxis and cars passing along the roads splash muddy water and spoil the clothes of the passers by and the poor passersby are helpless. They content themselves by abusing and cursing the drivers or showing their anger by gesticulation.

Why Do We Need To Learn English

The importance of English cannot be ignored. It has become the international medium of communication because before World War II, the English People dominated the world and after World War II the Americans, who also speak English, dominate the world. But the importance of English in Pakistan is far greater than in other countries. To speak English is considered by people as something very superior and those who speak English consider themselves to be more cultured. Using English wards in daily Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon conversations has become the fashion and all persons using these words foci proud of this. Under these circumstances, when the entire nation has become mental slave of her former masters, the importance of English cannot be ignored.

Another important reason for adopting English as medium of instruction is that we do not have books on scientific and technical subjects in Urdu or provincial dialects and those available arc substandard as far matter is concerned. Under these circumstances we have no option but to learn English and continue to keep English as medium of instruction in our country, those who are learned and considered authorities on their subjects do not bother to write books in Urdu. They feel that they can better express their thoughts in English.

Students in general and science students in particular have no option but to learn English in colleges and universities they are given lectures in English Standard books on all subjects are available in English. The research materials are available in English. In examinations they must answer in English And believe me, the students up to intermediate level feel that they will get better marks if they submit their answer in English.

There is another important reason for learning English and continuing keep it as medium of instruction. Though Urdu has been declared as national language, English is used everywhere. The government files arc maintained in English and all official correspondence is done in English. In banks, insurance companies, factories and other offices English is used. In courts the medium of expression is English. Traders prefer to advertise in English and even the Pakistan television gives the schedule of its daily programme in English. Such being the importance’s given to English why should the students not learn English.

Our postgraduate students need to go to America or England for further studies and for doctorate. These countries do not give educational visas to those who are not able to pass the language examinations conducted by them. In our own countries we lack the research facilities which are available there. We must, therefore, continue to learn English and to keep English as a medium of instruction.

For our scientists, technicians, engineers and experts English will be always needed to keep in touch with the scientific and technical developments taking place abroad. Our own national language is not going to have such books for decades to conic and if we do not learn English we will remain ignorant or lag behind in the race for technical knowledge. One important thing must not be ignored. Due to fast developing regional prejudices and hatreds, it is only English that can provide the best link between people of all regions and us such English should be continued as medium of instruction and must he made compulsory from primary level.

Wednesday, 18 January 2017

Essay on Terrorism Causes, Effects and Solution

The use of violence such as bombing, shooting or kidnapping to obtain political demand is called Terrorism. It s a form of violent action which is used to force the government for a special purpose or to achieve political demands in a country or worldwide.
The world is full of little quarrels among the nations of the world. Every nation tails itself the best and tries to exploit the rights of the others. Terrorism is used as a political weapon or policy. Terrorism is the most severe problem of this age that people are facing all over the world It is equally occurring in important causes of terrorism are following.

  • A huge production of weapons like guns, pistols, machine guns, kalashnikov, atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, distant marking missiles and nuclear weapons.
  • The growing population and less resources of life.
  • A great run after money and after materialistic things.
  • Economical, social and political injustice.
  • Unsatisfactory conditions of life in different countries.

The main function of the terrorism is to produce a great disturbance in the social and political system of a country. The major effects of terrorism which are appeared directly are following.

  • Terrorism produces great fear among the people and they feel themselves unsafe in their state and then in the world.
  • Due to the increasing events of terrorism, the government and establishment becomes weak and the confidence of people on the government and establishment is ended.
  • On the basis of terrorism any government can easily be kicked out.
  • Due to the violent actions of terrorism, many innocent people are killed and lot of public and private property is destroyed or damaged.

After the destruction and killing on large scale during the Second World War, the nations of the world decided to organize an institution for world peace, thus United Nations (UN) was born to fight against the evil and the terrorism. Thus the fight against terrorism was started. The destruction of World Trade Tower on 11th, September was a great incident of terrorism. After this incident the president of U.S.A announced their fight against terrorism. He requested many other countries to assist him in fighting against terrorism. As the result of this effort a network has been spread all over the world to find out terrorists and to find out nuclear weapons in different countries.

The most remarkable thing is that those who call themselves as the model of humanity are using also modern technology and Weapons for terrorism. In the name of fight against terrorism, the open opposition of human rights is being done. It is the new game of surer powers to interfere in the politics of those countries that have less qualities in industrialization and stability than them. We have seen the examples in Afghanistan and Iraq Is. it not terrorism to attack on Iraq without the permission of the united Nations? They call it the war against nuclear weapons but it is also a part of terrorism. The policy making nature of big countries causes to produce hostile little groups who show the act of terrorism for the purpose of their rights. The hostile little groups who are known as freedom fighters try to produce disturbance.

  • By killing people
  • By destroying national property
  • By doing bomb blasts

The fight against terrorism is actually a well organized scheme to kill all those who raise their voice for their basic tights.

English Essay on An Interesting Dream

The happy and contended life is a great blessing of God. I do not believe in ambitious life because ambitions and desires give very trouble and make the life unhappy. This is my interesting dream that I become successful in my character building and lead my life with every moment. I think, every moment in our life is cry precious but we usually remain unconscious and waste our precious moments which can give us great happiness. My idea of happiness is related with the living moments. Everyone here constructs many desires and makes dreams about his future but actually this is an interesting and real dream that we analyse ourselves and pass our lives without any single ambition because ambitions and morality both are different things they cannot go with each other. If you want to pass an ambitious life then you will sacrifice your morality.

A business man or a great financer does not have any morality, he proves himself as a religious person and talks about the right of others but he actually exploits the rights of others in order to gain more benefit and for the accumulation of wealth. A political leader who always talk nicely about reformation of the state and the progress of the people but in fact he remains busy to enrich his politics. A religious scholar who gets more knowledge about the religious events and the rules of religion only wants that people act according to his teachings.

A happy man who has been taught from his very birth not to be slave of another’s will. A happy man always speaks truth. He acts and thinks in a free man arid keeps himself away from worldly temptation. He is the master of his passion and desires. He is not afraid of death. He never thinks about his rise and falls in the society and does not believe in flattery. He is not interested in this world and hates private and public fame. He does not care of rumors and false praise. He knows the rules of a good life. He performs his duties in a proper way and feels happiness in praying God day and night. He spends his time in study or with a friend. He has neither hope of prosperity nor fear of poverty. He is the master of his soul and will, even though he has no wealth, land and property but he has spiritual and moral qualities that a man truly needs. An honest man is actually a happy man and his life is truly happy life. lie always leads a simple and honorable life, he is straight forward so that he has no need to defend himself with armour nor does he need to move to a secret cell for protection. He is not a very ambitious fellow, hut wants to pass his life in a peaceful manner.

My interesting dream is that I prepare myself to lead very simple life like a happy man. It does not mean that I do not make any decision about my duty, I wish that I will act according to the will of Allah, If he gives me a responsibility I will try to fulfill it with all my efforts honestly.

Essay on The Value of Press

The press or the print media plays very important role in a country and all over the world. It provides information about different events related with the life changed. Newspapers, Magazines and other printed reports give a direct effect on the people of a society. News paper reading has its own benefits and utilities which may be stated as following.

  • It provides current news related with a country and all over the world.
  • It gives knowledge about the government programmes and its methods to progress the country.
  • Newspaper reading gives information about latest science discoveries and technological changes about many industries.
  • Due to newspaper reading one becomes aware about political, social and economical activities occurring all over the world.
  • All newspaper and magazines give information about famous scientists, political leaders, religious scholars, philosophers, players, T.V artists, writers, poets and film stars.
  • The press and print media give information about sports, weather forecasting and current affairs.
  • The newspapers and other print media provide quick knowledge about accidents, earthquakes, social and political affairs.


In democracy, the print media and newspapers are free from any outward pressure and they are free to publish open critical and useful reports, views and interviews. News papers play the role of check and balance. In fact, great changes in the administration of a country may be made through the agency of newspapers.

The main object of the news papers in democracy should be to serve and be helpful to all classes of people. The newspapers provide help in publicity of modern trade and commerce and help in economic development of a country.

It is the duty of all newspapers and magazines that they do not allow their own interests in their reports but they only publish the truth in every section of their printed matter. They give just, right and true information for the public so they must not give and pace of baseless report in their printed matter. If our newspapers and print media realizes its duty and establishes a good system of check and balance then it would be a great source of knowledge.

Saturday, 24 December 2016

Essay on Science and the Human Happiness

Science is knowledge about everything which is living or non-living in the universe. It is a collection of some facts, principles and laws which help to understand the forces of nature, the productivity of different things and the wonders of inventions. Everything which is constructed by using the material of natural resources and energy according to some known rules and laws is called Technology. Modern inventions of science are different forms of Technologies.

The knowledge of science has helped the man to discover the secrets of nature. These secrets have been revealed by the scientists in forms of laws, principles and facts. The knowledge about the laws, principles and facts has been provided the base for different inventions which are now being used all over the world. The value of science has been increased due to its wonderful inventions. All the latest inventions of science have made man their slave. The uses of knowledge of science are looking in the productivity of different technologies on which the human life can be made more comfortable and easy.

The knowledge of science is used to understand the nature of plant and animal life. This structural and functional knowledge has made the man to discover the cure of many diseases by using the medicine or surgery. The latest inventions of science and the applications of the knowledge of science on life are collectively called as the wonders of science and now it is being understood that science is necessary for human happiness because its inventions provide happiness and comfort.

Some inventions of science which are known by everyone are following.
  1. Telephone and internet
  2. Mobile Phones
  3. Aeroplanes and Airships
  4. Radio, Television and Tape Recorders
  5. VCR, VCD and DVD Players
  6. Motor vehicles and ships
  7. Microwave Ovens
  8. Vacuum Cleaners
  9. Different kinds of machines
Due to the blessings of science we can fly in air, travel on the surface of land, move inside water and do many works at homes or offices or everywhere with great comfort. The knowledge of science is also used in preparing many devastating and dangerous things which are being applied for killing and destruction. Some devastating inventions of science are following.
  1. Kalashnikov
  2. Atom Bomb
  3. Hydrogen Bomb
  4. Suicide Bomb
  5. Distant Marking Missiles
  6. Nuclear Weapons
The dangerous inventions are being used for killing each other and for the destruction of mankind. Science has become a curse due to its dangerous technologies. Due to the modern inventions of science the meaning of happiness has been changed, now the happiness is searched in materialistic production of science. Everybody is running after money so that they can buy latest inventions. Man has become lazy due to much comfort in life. Mobile Phones, Computers and internet are being used in crimes. Immoral and nude movies are being shown through satellite and cable network. So modern scientific progress is not an unquestioned blessing It has advantages as well as disadvantages.

Essay on The Importance of Peace in the World

The state of freedom from war or violence is called "Peace". It is the state which can make this world like a heaven. The importance of peace in the world can be described by short comparison of war and peace.
  1. War is destructive, peace is constructive.
  2. War destroys, peace preserves.
  3. War calls in beast in man, peace makes man civilized.
  4. War creates hate, peace promotes love and friendship.
  5. War causes bloodshed, peace brings progress and prosperity.
People long for peace and raise their hands in prayers. The victories of peace are no less than the victories of war. In the first place, peace is indispensable for human progress. All the mighty inventions of science and the creations of art are the victories of peace. Peace gives us the message of universal brotherhood and friendship. Humanity cannot survive without love and peace.

Islam is a religion of peace. It gives clear ideas and the best reforming laws about social and political systems. The great purpose of Islam is to produce an everlasting state of peace in the world. Islam gives also very clear ideas about the peaceful individual life. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) showed practically the examples of peace. He always prayed for his enemies. After the conquest of Makkah, he forgave all his enemies and tried to create a peaceful atmosphere there. He established a harmonious society in Madina. Islam teaches the lessons of mutual respect but it also gives lessons to fight against the evils and to establish the state of peace after making struggle, war and efforts.

Is war necessary for peace? it is a very difficult question to answer. Before answering it man must see it ins and outs. If war is necessary, it is a necessary evil. Its evil is sometimes concealed for a time by its glamour and excitement, but when war is seen in its reality, there is a very little glory about it. At its best, it is a hideous calamity in the great wars, millions of men, women and children were killed, or died of disease, famine and untold sufferings.

After the event of 11th September, and the destruction of the World Trade Center in the United States of America, war to win peace has become more expeditious. The American establishment has tried to interfere the politics of the countries which are considered as working to use their energies for warfare. The destruction and killing in Afghanistan and Iraq is the part of war to win peace. The American establishment calls their struggle is for the end of nuclear trend in the world but it is making the exploitation of human rights. The war to win peace is actually a devilish plot to destroy the power of those who are trying to get their basic rights.

War is not necessary to win the peace. The peace can be established by showing great moral values and by providing the equal rights for everyone. So the world could be made a peaceful and happy place. Islam teaches the lessons of peace and tolerance. Islam is the religion with the greatest ideas about human rights. It gives a complete description of duties and rights. It gives the teaching of mutual respect and it provides all such qualities, if they are implemented rightly than no war is needed to establish the peace in the world.

Essay on The Value of Discipline

"Unity, Faith and Discipline" these are the three words Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave us. Unity is a great force. A united house is a strong force. We know the, story of the dying old man who gave the lesson of unity to his Sons with the help of a number of sticks. “Faith” means firm believe, the Muslim have their strong faith in Allah. They believe the supremacy of Allah and their faith provides them a power which leads them towards the unity.

Discipline means to pass life in a well organised manner. Discipline is necessary in every field of life. It is a system of commands and performance of work, regularity and compliance or orders. There are following kinds of discipline.

  • External Discipline
  • Internal Discipline
  • Social Discipline

The external discipline is always enforced by competent authority. Internal discipline is according to internal needs, capacities and temperaments of the individuals. It creates the sense of responsibility and help perform honestly. Social discipline means to lead a successful life by acting upon social values and traditions.
The value and importance of discipline can be described as following.

  • it attracts the individuals towards constructive and positive activities.
  • It helps in making good educational system.
  • It creates self confidence among people.
  • It produces the sense of responsibility.
  • It trains people to respect law arid cultural tradition.

On considering the above points, it is cleared that faith is the basic need which produces religious bent of mind. Unity creates a power which builds a nation while discipline creates system for making a good society. So unity, faith and discipline should become a part of the life of every person.

Wednesday, 7 December 2016

Essay on Neighbours Good or Bad

Some people have had neighbors; most have indifferent neighbors, while a few others have good neighbors. We are among the remaining few who are fortunate to have a noble family living on one side of them and equally unfortunate to be plagued with a set of mean people on the other.

There are three boys and two girls in the family living on the left hand, side of our house. They go to the same school as my own brother and sisters. They seldom quarrel among themselves or with others. Their father is a merchant while their mother is a housewife.

Their parents treat us just like their own children. Whenever their mother prepares a special dish, we are sure to get a share of it. Their father is even kinder. His pockets are always full of chocolates and other sweets. These are given to any child who greets him politely. We often address him as 'Uncle Chocolate.' Much as our parents love us, we like to be in our neighbor’s house more than in our own. My youngest sister, one day, asked my mother. Mummy why don't we all go and live in Uncle Chocolate's houses This was a genuine expression of the love we have for our good neighbors.

The neighbors living on the right of our house are different we don't like them at all. The owner has a number of wives. I do not think any of their numerous children goes to school. Our parents have strictly forbidden us to mix with them. If ever we happen to go near them, we are sure to be abused, even hit. Having heard their mothers making fluent use of vulgar words, they have added a lot of indecent words to their own vocabulary.

The women in the house are always quarreling amongst themselves. Often these domestic quarrels end in blows and shoe fighting. Like most other women, they are quick to make peace after a quarrel. But they cannot keep the peace for long.

Whenever they clean their deposit the dirt and dust so gathered, in front of our house generally, our mother ignores this meanness, but, if ever she protests, the whole army of them come out to fight. It is only on such occasions that they are really united.

The husband is a notorious gambler and drunkard. He is seldom at home, but, whenever he is, he beats up his wives and children unreasonably and mercilessly.
Sometimes we think of moving into some other house in the town, but our love for 'Uncle Chocolate' is too strong to let us do so.

Essay on Place and Status of Women in Islam

Islam gives great laws about social system, In Islamic rules, the rights of individuals are kept in first place. The Quran declares that the best act is good treatment to women. According to Quran and the sayings of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), the status and the rights of women are cleared.

  • And the believers, men and women are protecting friends. (Surah Toba)
  • The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) says ‘God commandeth you treat women well, for they are your mother, daughters, sisters and aunts.”
  • Allah says in the Holy Quran, ‘This is the duty of every Muslim man and woman to acquire knowledge and educate.”


Woman in Islam is highly respected as wife, mother, daughter and sister. Before Islam, birth of a female child was highly resented and repented. They were burned alive. In fact it is Islam that has presented the idea of women’s honour and rights. To secure strong economic position for them, Islam has given full property rights to women. Islam has given all the social rights to women like freedom, choice of partner, good education and inheritance.

Education is equally important for both boys and girls. Basically education is a universal need, rather right of every citizen, Education is an equal right of women. Girls are said to be the light of home. If they are educated, they will carry the light wherever they go. If the women are educated, they can prove themselves as better mothers and wives. They can educate the children and have great influence on them. They can teach them the respect for the superiors, the teachers arid the taws of country. We should pray to God that a time will come when everyone without the difference of sexes learn the advantage of education.

In limitation of the west, our women too have demanded equal rights with men in every field of life and are even trying to adopt the fashions of men. They want equal seats in assemblies, equal number of posts in the government service, equal chance of freedom and movement and even equal rights in domestic life. Many of them shun the responsibilities of motherhood and prefer to remain unmarried. They are working in factories, offices and even in the army. Thus the whole Eastern concept of "Womanhood" being revolutionized and the new ideas are being represented to us is the name of and civilization, Islam recognizes the equality of the two sexes fully well hut equality should not be understood to mean the tasks of the two sexes are alike.

After the final examination, there are three responsibilities in case of girl students to study further, to stay at home or to launch out into a career. The girls who want to adopt a career, many avenues are open. Advertising Is a field that can appeal to girls with Imagination. There are unlimited opportunities for commercial girl artist in this field. For the girls with a passion for books, a library would be the Ideal place to work, Basic training I required but the pay is very handsome, of a girl has the ability to put down her thoughts in words, journalism can prove a rewarding career, For science students who want to make their use of their knowledge, research would be good Idea. Laboratories and research institutions welcome them.

There are many other professions open for girls. They can become hostesses in some airlines. They can work as Family Planning Officers. They can serve in the field of Insurance as Field Officers.

Essay on Science is a Blessing or Curse

Science is knowledge about everything which is living or non-living in the universe. It is a collection of some facts, principles and laws which help to understand the forces of nature, the productivity of different things and the wonders of inventions. Everything which is constructed by using the material of natural resources and energy according to some known rules and laws is called Technology. Modern inventions of science are different forms of Technologies.

The knowledge of science has helped the man to discover the secrets of nature. These secrets have been revealed by the scientists in forms of laws, principles and facts. The knowledge about the laws, principles and facts has been provided the base for different inventions which are now being used all over the world. The value of science has been increased due to its wonderful inventions. All the latest inventions of science have made man their slave. The uses of knowledge of science are looking in the productivity of different technologies on which the human life can be made more comfortable and easy.

The knowledge of science is used to understand the nature of plant and animal life. This structural and functional knowledge has made the man to discover the cure of many diseases by using the medicine or surgery. The latest inventions of science and the applications of the knowledge of science on life are collectively called as the wonders of science and now it is being understood that science is necessary for human happiness because its inventions provide happiness and comfort.

Some inventions of science which are known by everyone are following.

  • Telephone and internet
  • Mobile Phones
  • Aeroplanes and Airships
  • Radio, Television and Tape Recorders
  • VCR, VCD and DVD Players
  • Motor vehicles and ships
  • Microwave Ovens
  • Vacuum Cleaners
  • Different kinds of machines

Due to the blessings of science we can fly in air, travel on the surface of land, move inside water and do many works at homes or offices or everywhere with great comfort. The knowledge of science is also used in preparing many devastating and dangerous things which are being applied for killing and destruction. Some devastating inventions of science are following.

  • Kalashnikov
  • Atom Bomb
  • Hydrogen Bomb
  • Suicide Bomb
  • Distant Marking Missiles
  • Nuclear Weapons


The dangerous inventions are being used for killing each other and for the destruction of mankind. Science has become a curse due to its dangerous technologies. Due to the modern inventions of science the meaning of happiness has been changed, now the happiness is searched in materialistic production of science. Everybody is running after money so that they can buy latest inventions. Man has become lazy due to much comfort in life. Mobile Phones, Computers and internet are being used in crimes. Immoral and nude movies are being shown through satellite and cable network. So modern scientific progress is not an unquestioned blessing It has advantages as well as disadvantages.

Essay on How I Spend My Pocket Money

There are very a few parents who really understand the value of pocket money to their children. Some parents think that the pocket money is necessary so that a child may not go hungry at the time of the day other thinks' that it keeps children from stealing. But the real purpose of pocket money is to train the young people in the very important art of saving and spending.

Some children get a little pocket money daily their parents do not trust them with a large sum, fearing that they may lose or miss-spend it. But my parents do not treat me so shabbily they know very well that I can take care of my money as well as anybody else. I get Rs. 10.00 a month for my pocket money.

On the first day of every month, as soon as I receive9 my pocket money, I rush to the post office with my savings account book. I deposit Rs. 2.00 into my account. To date, Rs. 120,000 stands of my credit. Formerly, I put into my account only whatever amount to of money I had saved by the end of the month but often I had nothing left by that time. Experience has already taught me that a man of limited income has to force himself to save a little for an emergency otherwise he will have to borrow.

I go to the pictures only once in a while, Usually, I go to a cheap matinee on Saturday, or Sunday but if, on a particular weekend, there is not a good film being shown as a cheap matinee. I stay at home. I prefer going to a cheap matinee not only because it is cheaper than a first-run film, but also because, at a cheap matinee, I can occupy a better seat for less money than at an ordinary show. I visit our school canteen almost daily but I never do so more than once a day as most of schoolmates does. I do not spend lavishly at, the canteen. For after all, I do not go there for a meal. The proper place for meals is the home, and it is good to eat a meal only at its fixed time, I go to the canteen for refreshments only, and I never buy any food or drink that I cannot pay for easily. If, on a certain day, I do not feel particularly thirsty or hungry, I do not visit the canteen at all. I make a point of never buying on credit or, borrowing money from my friends in the school or outside. Nor do I lend money to others'. 'If I can afford it, I do give a little to charity.

Whatever money I have not spent by the end of the month goes to my library fund. If the book I want to buy costs mere than the amount I have in hand, I wait for a month or so more, until I have saved the necessary amount. If it is necessary to buy the book at once, I borrow the balance from my mother, and return it to her in a few easy installments.

Essay on How I Pass My Sunday Holiday

On Sunday, I get up early in the morning and go out for a walk in the country. On returning from the walk, I have my breakfast, take my books and shut myself up in a remote corner of the house. I revised my lessons very Sunday.

My brothers and sisters do not appreciate my habit of poring over books on Sunday, and often make it a point to disturb my studies. My mother, also, is of their opinion and often advises me to go out and play for a time and let examination take care of them. My younger brothers and sisters, particularly, enjoy my self-imposed imprisonment. They keep on annoying me by peeping through the window panes, or through the keyholes in the doors of my study. My father is the only person in the family, who understands my point of view, but he is not often at home.

Sometimes, a few visitors come to visit us. Most of them are office workers like my elder brother and sisters. To them Sunday is a day for rest, playing cards, and paying visits. For one reason or another, some of them knock at my door. I have, willingly or unwillingly, to receive them. Luckily for me, these visitors nearly always arrive about lunch time, and are called into the dining room as soon as the meal is ready. I go on with my work, for this is the only time in the day when I can have to peace and quiet necessary for doing my lessons.I always have my lunch after all the other has returned to the drawing room for the post-lunch game of cards.

While this is going on, I leave for the park near my house. At this time of the day, I hardly meet my pleasures seekers there. I spread a mat under a shady tree, and sit there absorbed in my studies. When I am tired of sitting on the mat, I climb up a tree for a change. I perch comfortably on a branch and continue reading aloud or in silence, as I please. I leave the park at 5pm when crowds of visitor begin to arrive there.

At home, I find the dinner ready after dinner. I dress up properly and, accompanied by my brothers and sisters, go out for a walk or to the pictures. On returning home, I revise my lesson for another hour or so. I go to bed before 10pm.

Essay on How Tourism Can Be Developed

It is agreed on all hands that tourism is beneficial to the countries visited by foreign travelers. It helps earn foreign exchange. Many people find employment because of it. It also enables the country to be better known abroad. Let us consider what measures may be taken to 'develop the tourist trade of a country.

A tourist's first concern is accommodation. It should be decent, easily available, and, though not all tourist care for this, cheap. It is necessary therefore to put up hotels and inns at all places likely to be visited by tourists. These hotels should be of internationally approved standards and so should be the services supplied by them.

His next concern is transport. Very few tourists, is any, bring along their own transport. They need fast, comfortable, and reliable means of transport. Buses, taxis, and trains should all, be available. They should be Well kept and available whenever they are necessary or at a fairly short notice. In hot countries, it may be necessary to provide air-conditioned coaches, taxi, and buses for the tourists. As this may be very expensive to do, the governments themselves should maintain such vehicles or subsidies their maintenance by travel agencies.

The tourist usually come to see sights, so stay at health resorts, or to pursue further studies. Pamphlets and hand-outs listing such facilities should be brought out and distributed in foreign countries through the diplomatic mission abroad. The national tourist organization should take whatever other measures they can take to advertise the places of tourist' interest in their countries. This could be done by means of short documentary films displayed abroad or through advertisement in newspapers' and magazines having international readership. Historical monuments should be kept in proper repair and all possible information about them including view-cards, etc. should be available on site for the visitor to read, see, or buy.

But it is people that can attract tourist most of all. Taxi drivers, for example can create such good impression on the tourist they carry about that the tourist will go home and plead with their compatriots to visit the country concerned. Poor services rendered will only lead to fewer tourists arriving in future. The 'prices of goods in the shops patronized by tourists and the behaviour of shopkeeper, salesmen and saleswomen are equally important factors in the development of tourists trade. Availability of fully qualified guides who know the language of group they are taking round is important, too. The customs and immigration authorities at the sea-ports or airports can annoy or please tourist. Hoteliers and their employees too can give the tourists good time they deserve.

And much more important than all these people are the common people. They do no direct business with tourists. But they must remember that these people are paying guests who add immensely to the national wealth of their countries. Tourism should not be the concern only of the people who directly deal with tourists but of everybody in the country. Its importance should be brought to the notice of everybody.

Sunday, 27 November 2016

Essay on The Need of English for Science Students

The importance of English cannot be ignored. It has become the international medium of communication because before World War II, the English People dominated the world and after World War II the Americans, who also speak English, dominate the world. But the importance of English in Pakistan is far greater than in other countries. To speak English is considered by people as something very superior and those who speak English consider themselves to be more cultured. Using English wards in daily Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon conversations has become the fashion and all persons using these words foci proud of this. Under these circumstances, when the entire nation has become mental slave of her former masters, the importance of English cannot be ignored.

Another important reason for adopting English as medium of instruction is that we do not have books on scientific and technical subjects in Urdu or provincial dialects and those available arc substandard as far matter is concerned. Under these circumstances we have no option but to learn English and continue to keep English as medium of instruction in our country, those who are learned and considered authorities on their subjects do not bother to write books in Urdu. They feel that they can better express their thoughts in English.

Students in general and science students in particular have no option but to learn English in colleges and universities they are given lectures in English Standard books on all subjects are available in English. The research materials are available in English. In examinations they must answer in English And believe me, the students up to intermediate level feel that they will get better marks if they submit their answer in English.

There is another important reason for learning English and continuing keep it as medium of instruction. Though Urdu has been declared as national language, English is used everywhere. The government files arc maintained in English and all official correspondence is done in English. In banks, insurance companies, factories and other offices English is used. In courts the medium of expression is English. Traders prefer to advertise in English and even the Pakistan television gives the schedule of its daily programme in English. Such being the importance’s given to English why should the students not learn English.

Our postgraduate students need to go to America or England for further studies and for doctorate. These countries do not give educational visas to those who are not able to pass the language examinations conducted by them. In our own countries we lack the research facilities which are available there. We must, therefore, continue to learn English and to keep English as a medium of instruction.

For our scientists, technicians, engineers and experts English will be always needed to keep in touch with the scientific and technical developments taking place abroad. Our own national language is not going to have such books for decades to conic and if we do not learn English we will remain ignorant or lag behind in the race for technical knowledge. One important thing must not be ignored. Due to fast developing regional prejudices and hatreds, it is only English that can provide the best link between people of all regions and us such English should be continued as medium of instruction and must he made compulsory from primary level.

Monday, 24 October 2016

Essay on Advertising Good or Bad

The purpose of advertising is to promote the sale of commodity or to spread or contradict an idea. In ancient times public criers carried out advertising. The printing press was invented in the 15th century. Since then printed advertisement have been common during the first half of this century three more media of public information and amusement came into being. These are cinema, radio, and television Newspapers, magazines, pamphlets and handbills carry written information to their readers. Radio employs sound. Cinema and television appeal to the ear' as well as 'to the eye. All these media have proved to be extremely effective means of promoting sales or spreading ideas.
Some people feel that advertising increases the prices of commodities advertised.

Writers are employed to write out slogans and scripts for advertisements. Artists and actors are involved in the preparation of film-reels and filmstrips. The scripts are published in newspapers and magazines and spoken over the commercial radio net-works. The films are shown in cinema-halls and on the commercial television network. All these persons and organizations have to pay for their services. The money paid to them will no doubt be added to the total costs of production before the sale prices are fixed. But it is overlooked that by increasing the demand for a commodity, advertising makes it possible to produce the commodity in a very large quantity. Thus the cost of production per unit is lowered, and so does the sale price.

Another complaint generally heard against advertising is that it leaves the people no choice in purchasing the goods they need. Having heard and read of a commodity again and again they tend to ignore other commodities even if they are better. This charge should be true if all newspapers and other advertising media in any country belonged to one particular party and that party did not allow any goods other than its own to be advertised through them. So long as all manufacturers of goods are free to advertise their commodities, there is no fear of anybody monopolizing the market merely by advertising his goods Further, it should be appreciated that the consumers do understand the tricks employed by advertisers. They cannot be misled so easily as some people think.

Advertising makes our daily newspapers and periodicals cheaper for us. But for the income from advertisements, no newspapers would cost a mere 15 cents to their readers. Similarly the quality of radio broadcasts and television programs owes itself to advertising. To make advertising effective, as many people as possible must be attracted to listen or view these programs, as the case may be. Therefore they have to be of a high quality.

Advertising is useful to all concerned but if there is any fear of its miss-leading the consumers they should form their own association, which through daily or weekly publications, should give objective information on all goods of daily consumption.

Short Essay on Vocational Education

We have inherited our present educational system from our former masters, who needed only clerks and produced them. The result of following the same system after our masters have gone, continues to produce clerks who are now not needed in such a number. Consequently, we are faced with the acute problem of unemployment’s and to provide employment to all these graduates and post graduate is impossible. That is why in every house one or more unemployed graduates can be found. This unemployment is to be get crimes and hence the lawlessness and crimes are on the increase.
It is high time that the recognition to the need of vocational education is given. If started in earnest from school level and continued up to university, the problem of unemployment may be solved to a great extent and those who do riot get job may become self employed.

Our country is in the process of development. Industrialization of the country demands skilled labour, craftsmen, technicians and engineers. To meet the future demand the ministry of education should chalk out a programme to introduce vocational education at the school level.

It is sad that in the presence of polytechnic institutes, vocational education is not considered necessary at school level. But the fact is that these polytechnic institutes arc wasting energy and money. The teachers are mostly those who have passed examination of Diploma Associate They conic in the class and dictate notes from their notebooks which most of the students are unable to follow.

The practical side remains almost nil. In institute where there arc machines for practical work, they are never used and gel rusted. In the examine the students resort to copying from their notes and pass the examination with flying colours. In the practical examination, the examiner is himself ignorant so all the students arc asked oral questions. The result is that those who gel the diploma in a trade remain as ignorant and raw as they were at the time of admission.
What has been said above is no conjecture but is fact. In my family there are many such diploma holders and all of them know nothing about their trades. The government should review the scheme and arrange to provide able and experienced teachers in polytechnic institutes and should arrange for thorough practical training.

For practical training the students should be sent to factories, mills and works hops etc. Arrangements for practical training of these students may be made with those factories, mills and workshops and an expert of the trade is deputed to take their practical examination.

It is regrettable that industrialists in Pakistan prefer uneducated and untrained persons to those who are educated. This is because they have to pay less salary to these untrained and uneducated men. I know a man who was a first class Diploma Holder in electricity. He was employed as a labour in a mill on daily wages.

This tendency of not recognizing the need of trained technical hands, only with a view to saving money and becoming richer and richer is also a cause of discouragement to the boys to take technical education.

In nearly all the countries, technical education is given due importance. They have an elaborate scheme to get their students trained thoroughly. They also send their brilliant students abroad for specialized training.