RSS
Umar Khaleeq on Facebook
Umar Khaleeq on Twitter

Monday, 16 October 2017

Essay on A Visit to a Place of Interest

Last winter, my uncle was posted at Shahdad Kot, a small town in Larkana and I was with him during my winter vacation. One Friday morning he took to me to Moen-Jo-Daro. We took a passenger train and reached Dokri. From Dokri we hired Yakka and after covering eleven miles reached Moen-Jo-Daro.

After arriving at the ruins of Moen-Jo-Daro we first went to see the museum. It comprises of a single hall. Things excavated at the site were kept there welt arranged. Tools, knives and articles of daily use were arranged on one side. Some toys, remains of a bullock cart, some earthen dolls, bronze statue of a dancing girl, a bust of a bearded man, some seals with figure of bull engraved on them and some inscriptions in a strange language were kept on the other side. In a glass almirah, beautifully made ornaments were arranged. These ornaments contained precious stones and were made very artistically. A necklace of ruby found under the skeleton of a young girl killed near a well in the great massacre by the unknown attackers was also kept there, It was made of ruby pieces. We marvelled at the craftsmanship of the people who lived there about five thousand years ago.

After lunch we went to see the ruins. A guide led us along a lane paved with red bricks by the old residents. On either side of the lane there were ruins of houses. In every house there were ruins of rooms, a bath room and a well. The entire city was well planned with an elaborate sewerage system and covered drains. Then we went to see the great public hall and granary now almost mined. From there we went to see the great bathing poor. In this poor there was mechanical arrangement to let water come in and flow out at will. Near the pool some small baths were built where people were required to bath first before entering the pool.

Then the guide took us along a very wide road once paved with red bricks but now dusty with some bricks here and there. This was the main road. On one side, the guide told us, was the busy market place. On the other side ruins of the great palace of the Raah were lying.
It was now four O’clock in the evening and we had to return and catch the passenger train for Shahdad Kot. So we started on our return Journey marvelling at the Civilization that had flourished in the valley of Sindh, five thousand years ago.

Essay on A Walk Through a Village

Last winter vacation I went to Shahpur Patio, a village in Sind to pass a few clays with my uncle who lived there. Shahpur pallo is a small village far from the hustle and bustle of a city. It was alt calm every where and simple village people were seen on the unpaved streets.

One evening I, with my cousin, went out for a stroll through the village. The unpaved street that wound through the village was dusty with pieces of stones, bricks and some garbage lying here and there. Small children and boys were playing on the street. some were busy with marbles and some were playing bide and seek or Gull danda.

On both sides of the street there were houses, most of which were kuccha. Every house had a verandah. In he verandah we saw ploughs and pile of hay. He side every verandah there was a room where in oxen were eating their evening meal of husk and water put in mangers. We stood for a while near a room looking at the oxen. Then we moved on.

Soon we came to the village main well. It was a very big well where girls, women and boys had gathered to pull water to take home. They were busy in their work quietly and helping each other. The regard, the respect, the sympathy, the assistance they gave each other showed as ii they were from the same family. No young man dared to leer at a young girl. It appeared as if all the young’s ones were real sisters and brothers.

From the well we walked up to the village market. In small dimly lighted shops sat the shop keepers who had variety of things to sell to meet the daily needs of the villagers. As we walked on we came to the village otaq. A village otaq is a hail where villagers assemble after evening meals to talk, to gossip, to sing and to pass time. It is also the parliament house of the village where people, under the president ship of an elderly man discuss village problems and reach at decisions. Since it was only dusk time the otaq was empty with a few cots lying there.

Now it was the time to return as it was getting dark and time for evening meal was approaching. In villages, people take their evening meal just after Maghrib prayer. So we returned to take our evening meal.

Sunday, 15 October 2017

English Essay on A Journey By Boat

A journey by boat is very pleasant, of course, as long as the river is not flooded. Two years ago I went with my family to Sukkur. One day we decided to go to Sadhu Bella and to the ruins of Bhakkar. My father hired a boat for the purpose. We all, I, my father, my mother and my younger brother clambered into the boat.

It was a beautiful evening. A gentle breeze, which is unusual in Sukkur, was blowing. We started from the barrage and rowed down the river. Then, I went and sat by the side of the boat man and asked him to let me row. Father did not approve it but I insisted. Seeing me so adamant, the boatman told father that he would help me and no harm would come to me. He, at last, agreed to it.
I took the oars. But they were too heavy for me to row with. So I asked the boat man to give me one oar only and I held it carefully with both hands. He asked to me to keep rhythm with him while rowing. I moved my hands, keeping in sight, the movements of his hand. It was thrilling for me to row and I looked with proud eyes at my younger brother.

We reached Sadhu Bella soon. We got down the boat and saw the temple. Sadhu Bella is a very old temple built in the river just in front of the Railway bridge. There were some idols. Then we rowed up to the ruins of Bhakkar. The ruins looked desolated and dreary in the darkness of the evening and the shading trees. Every where, there were bushes or trees. We saw the ruins of the Jamia Masjid, the palace and the houses. As darkness was overtaking us, we decided to return.
The return journey was beautiful but strenuous as we had to go up the river and had to row against the stream. The sun was about to set and the twilight reflected in the water.

 The sun, a great red ball, was surrounded by golden, pink and crimson colours. The scene was enchanting. I was not accustomed to row as the boat man was. I had to pull the oar with all of my might but the current opposed me. Soon I was too tired to row. I told the facts to the boat man who had got a liking for me by that time. He took (he oar and asked me to remain silting where I was. Soon we passed under the railway bridge and reached the barrage. A little before Sukkur barrage we got down. The boatman asked me to come the other day when he would take me to the place where the river divides into two streams and then after flowing a considerable distance the streams meet again. My father was looking at mc disapprovingly and I refused with thanks.

Essay on The value of Science in Everyday Life

We are indebted to science for the facilities its has placed at our hands our daily life has become comfortable and easy due to scientific inventions which have saved labour, time and dependence on others.

Science has provided us with extra limbs in the shape of automobiles, aero planes, lifts and elevators that we, daily, use. It has provided us with extra incredible eyes in the form of telescopes and microscopes to enable s to see the wonders of creation to which we are blind with our naked eyes. It has provided us with extra brains in the form of calculators, and computers to calculate, to memorize and to solve problems. These devices we use daily. It has provided us with extra ears in the shape of phones to hear distant calls. From the time we awake in the morning to the time we go to bed we use scientific inventions. Electricity has been tamed to do u service. We use electric shavers, electric heaters. electric ovens, electric hearth, refrigerators, radios, televisions and thousands of electric devices placed by science at our disposal.

New methods and devices for investigation and diagnosis have helped to detect the diseases and recognize them. Advancements in medicine and surgery have eliminated premature deaths and have helped to prolong life. New analgesics and anesthetics have overcome pains, anxiolytics bring relief from anxieties, antibiotics, have control led bacterial activities and beta blockers have, controlled hypertension. These have made our daily life happier and easier.

New methods and knowledge in agricultural filed have spurred more production to help feed the growing population. New varieties of rice, wheat, sugar canes etc., have been developed that resist diseases and Produce better crops. New methods to fight against plant diseases have been found out to save loss of food. Fertilizers are chemically made to boost the agricultural production. Thus, our daily life is more Comfortable than that of our, forefather’s.

Advancement in technology has made it possible to make varieties of articles of daily use which are cheap and well-finished. Mass production has been made possible by machines. Machines help to produce articles cheaper and in abundance so as to raise our standard of living. Science has invented devices arid appliances to make our leisure pleasant. We have now radios, televisions, videos and other appliances to entertain ourselves during our leisure time. Cinematography has made mass entertainment possible. Thus, we may enjoy when we are doing no work.

Printing devices now help us to print news paper, magazines, journals and books. Books on any subject are available to even poors at low prices. In olden days then these printing devices were unknown every man could not afford to buy books due to their high prices.

Friday, 12 May 2017

Essay on Physical Education

Education aims at bringing about an all-round development of an individual which in the psychological terms is called personality. To develop the personality of a child and shape it, his emotional, social and physical sides should not be overlooked but should also be developed along with his Intellectual and mental capacities.

Physical educator aims at not only developing the physical side of an individual but also his emotional, social and menial sides. It develops the function of various organs, strengthens them and improves their capabilities. It develops those parts of the brain which control coordination of various limbs, muscles and nerves. This process is something very complicated amid without physical exercises development of coordination cannot be attained.

Physical education has its corrective values also and alias at removing the functional defects of various organs muscles and nerves. it makes organs, that have lost function, work again. It also aims at preventing diseases, showing down the process of aging aid keeping a man lit when he is old.

Physical education aims at teach lug emotional and social behaviours. Through games and sports t child learns to be cooperative and to submit to the rules and laws. He learns to control his feelings, anger and reactions. He learns how to live amicably with others. He learns the principle of give and take. He learns the necessity of submission to authorities. He learns how to compete fairly in this world and how to achieve his goals honestly. He learns the importance of learn works. Endurance, tolerance and fortitude are the characteristics that an individual cultivates by taking part in games and sports.

Nature teaches us the importance of physical education from the beginning. The physical and mental development of a newly born child is brought about by nature through her physical activities. She uses her limbs all the time she is, awake. Grown up children imitate elders and like to play. These physical activities develop their physical aspects as well as mental aspects. They learn to tolerate each other and to behave in a rational way and the games make them forget their quarrels or disagreements to become playmates again.
Theoretically we recognize the importance of physical education but practically we have not given it its due place. In our school curriculum, we should include physical education as one of the subjects and students may l examined in theory and practice as in other subject.

Duties of a Student

An ideal student is the apple of his teachers eye, a source of great pleasure and satisfaction to his parents and guardians and an architect of his own future. During the period of studentship, he plans and prepares himself for his career. He lays the foundation stone of his future, cultivates habits and traits to make him a good citizen and develops the qualities that may ensure a happy, prosperous and successful life.

The first and the foremost duty of an ideal student is to devote a reasonable Lime to his studies daily. Learning and acquiring knowledge is the first thing required of a student but the time allotted for this must be judicious and reasonable. If he exceeds this limit it would be harmful as he would get tired and lose concentration. If he remains behind limit ho would not gain as much as is expected.

The second thing required of a student is to look after his physical side also. He must devote a reasonable time to games and sports. In olden days parents in general and teachers in particular considered indulgence of boys in games and sports as something undesirable and harmful. But to-day an educationist knows the value of games and sports and considers it necessary for physical and mental development and cultivation of habits and traits that may enable a student to lead a happy social life.

Discipline is another quality, an ideal student must possess. He must respect and obey his teachers and follow their instructions in terms of the instructions of our Holy Prophet. He is religiously bound to obey and respect his teachers and he has no option. Besides, he must respect the rules, regulations imposed upon him by his educational institution and his teachers. To observe discipline only in school, college or university is not enough. He must be disciplined in his home life, in play ground and elsewhere also.
An ideal student must help other weak students or his weak class fellows. He must try to remove their deficiencies and improve their knowledge by helping them in their studies. But he must not be proud of his knowledge and treat them as inferiors. He should not impress upon them his superiority but must real them as his equals.

An ideal student does not indulge himself in mean things like backbiting, mixing with bad characters, killing his time or quarrelling. He must cultivate the habit of being polite, courteous and in-offensive. He should take care not to offend a person physically, mentally or sentimentally, even unintentionally. He must not use abusive language or insults others to satisfy his instinct of revenge.
The last thing required of an ideal student is to take advantage of this period of studentship and try to prepare himself for the life ahead, so that he many lead a prosperous and happy life and may be prepared to encounter successfully untoward circumstances and fevers and frets of life.

A Rainy Day

After the scorching heat of summer, which makes grass, herbs and small plants wither, how gracious it is to have rains. The showers come as boon to men, animals and plants yearning for it.
As the raindrops leap on the thirsty ground, things change suddenly. The weather becomes pleasant. Cool gushes of wind feel most welcomed. The heat, that has become unbearable, abates. Men, animals and plants become fresh, wetting themselves and enjoying the rain.
A rainy day proves a source of joy to the students. They come to school totally drenched. They don’t appear to be in a mood to attend to their classes. They stand in verandah, talking, laughing and enjoying the day. The teachers are also not in a mood to teach. The headmaster declares, the rainy day as holiday and students go back to their homes again drenching and bathing in the rain. Light hearted and full of glee as they are then, they enjoy the downpour making noises, laughter’s and having to push each other down.

The little children enjoy a rainy day the most. They bathe in the rain, chase each other and throw the rain water on their friends. Some of them run about naked and enjoy the showers. They laugh, shout and do all sorts of mischievous. After the showers arc over the sail paper boats in the rain water.
A rainy day is also a boon to the matured and grown up people. Some of them, troubled with heat pricks, drench themselves in the rain to abate their agony. Those who are elderly sit and watch in raining, which comes as a boon after the trouble some heat of the summer.

A Rainy Day in Karachi

After various heat waves which make Karachi hell to live in, and compel the residents to crave for showers, the rains come as a great relief, a great boon and a great blessing. The burning roofs and walls become cool. It becomes pleasant all around and a wave of glee runs from one end of Karachi to the other.

As it begins raining young girls conic out in open on their rooftops and young boys and children in streets, lanes and roads to drench in the rain. They rejoice, laugh and enjoy the downpour. The remain bathing for hours in the rain gossiping, giggling and amusing themselves.
Small children enjoy the rain the most. They come out shouting, laughing giggling, chasing each other and doing all sorts of mischievous. They dance, jump, frisk and try to push each other down. Elderly people sit and look at the rain and the amusing children.

Shop keepers generally shut their shops and go home. Hawkers try to get some place to save their goods from being wet and get rotten afterwards.

But soon the source of pleasure becomes a source of troubles. Gutters overflow and since arrangements for the rain water to flow away are lacking, waist deep water stands on the roads. The buses, the taxis and the cars are toward as they stop due to breakdown. With the first shower, there is a breakdown of electricity and it may take hours to days to get the fault repaired. So darkness and heat trouble the residents of Karachi during that period.

For days after the rain the trouble continues. Children gather on the road and throw stagnant water into the passing buses and cars drenching the occupants with muddy water. Buses, taxis and cars passing along the roads splash muddy water and spoil the clothes of the passers by and the poor passersby are helpless. They content themselves by abusing and cursing the drivers or showing their anger by gesticulation.

Why Do We Need To Learn English

The importance of English cannot be ignored. It has become the international medium of communication because before World War II, the English People dominated the world and after World War II the Americans, who also speak English, dominate the world. But the importance of English in Pakistan is far greater than in other countries. To speak English is considered by people as something very superior and those who speak English consider themselves to be more cultured. Using English wards in daily Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon conversations has become the fashion and all persons using these words foci proud of this. Under these circumstances, when the entire nation has become mental slave of her former masters, the importance of English cannot be ignored.

Another important reason for adopting English as medium of instruction is that we do not have books on scientific and technical subjects in Urdu or provincial dialects and those available arc substandard as far matter is concerned. Under these circumstances we have no option but to learn English and continue to keep English as medium of instruction in our country, those who are learned and considered authorities on their subjects do not bother to write books in Urdu. They feel that they can better express their thoughts in English.

Students in general and science students in particular have no option but to learn English in colleges and universities they are given lectures in English Standard books on all subjects are available in English. The research materials are available in English. In examinations they must answer in English And believe me, the students up to intermediate level feel that they will get better marks if they submit their answer in English.

There is another important reason for learning English and continuing keep it as medium of instruction. Though Urdu has been declared as national language, English is used everywhere. The government files arc maintained in English and all official correspondence is done in English. In banks, insurance companies, factories and other offices English is used. In courts the medium of expression is English. Traders prefer to advertise in English and even the Pakistan television gives the schedule of its daily programme in English. Such being the importance’s given to English why should the students not learn English.

Our postgraduate students need to go to America or England for further studies and for doctorate. These countries do not give educational visas to those who are not able to pass the language examinations conducted by them. In our own countries we lack the research facilities which are available there. We must, therefore, continue to learn English and to keep English as a medium of instruction.

For our scientists, technicians, engineers and experts English will be always needed to keep in touch with the scientific and technical developments taking place abroad. Our own national language is not going to have such books for decades to conic and if we do not learn English we will remain ignorant or lag behind in the race for technical knowledge. One important thing must not be ignored. Due to fast developing regional prejudices and hatreds, it is only English that can provide the best link between people of all regions and us such English should be continued as medium of instruction and must he made compulsory from primary level.

Wednesday, 18 January 2017

Essay on Terrorism Causes, Effects and Solution

The use of violence such as bombing, shooting or kidnapping to obtain political demand is called Terrorism. It s a form of violent action which is used to force the government for a special purpose or to achieve political demands in a country or worldwide.
The world is full of little quarrels among the nations of the world. Every nation tails itself the best and tries to exploit the rights of the others. Terrorism is used as a political weapon or policy. Terrorism is the most severe problem of this age that people are facing all over the world It is equally occurring in important causes of terrorism are following.

  • A huge production of weapons like guns, pistols, machine guns, kalashnikov, atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, distant marking missiles and nuclear weapons.
  • The growing population and less resources of life.
  • A great run after money and after materialistic things.
  • Economical, social and political injustice.
  • Unsatisfactory conditions of life in different countries.

The main function of the terrorism is to produce a great disturbance in the social and political system of a country. The major effects of terrorism which are appeared directly are following.

  • Terrorism produces great fear among the people and they feel themselves unsafe in their state and then in the world.
  • Due to the increasing events of terrorism, the government and establishment becomes weak and the confidence of people on the government and establishment is ended.
  • On the basis of terrorism any government can easily be kicked out.
  • Due to the violent actions of terrorism, many innocent people are killed and lot of public and private property is destroyed or damaged.

After the destruction and killing on large scale during the Second World War, the nations of the world decided to organize an institution for world peace, thus United Nations (UN) was born to fight against the evil and the terrorism. Thus the fight against terrorism was started. The destruction of World Trade Tower on 11th, September was a great incident of terrorism. After this incident the president of U.S.A announced their fight against terrorism. He requested many other countries to assist him in fighting against terrorism. As the result of this effort a network has been spread all over the world to find out terrorists and to find out nuclear weapons in different countries.

The most remarkable thing is that those who call themselves as the model of humanity are using also modern technology and Weapons for terrorism. In the name of fight against terrorism, the open opposition of human rights is being done. It is the new game of surer powers to interfere in the politics of those countries that have less qualities in industrialization and stability than them. We have seen the examples in Afghanistan and Iraq Is. it not terrorism to attack on Iraq without the permission of the united Nations? They call it the war against nuclear weapons but it is also a part of terrorism. The policy making nature of big countries causes to produce hostile little groups who show the act of terrorism for the purpose of their rights. The hostile little groups who are known as freedom fighters try to produce disturbance.

  • By killing people
  • By destroying national property
  • By doing bomb blasts

The fight against terrorism is actually a well organized scheme to kill all those who raise their voice for their basic tights.

English Essay on An Interesting Dream

The happy and contended life is a great blessing of God. I do not believe in ambitious life because ambitions and desires give very trouble and make the life unhappy. This is my interesting dream that I become successful in my character building and lead my life with every moment. I think, every moment in our life is cry precious but we usually remain unconscious and waste our precious moments which can give us great happiness. My idea of happiness is related with the living moments. Everyone here constructs many desires and makes dreams about his future but actually this is an interesting and real dream that we analyse ourselves and pass our lives without any single ambition because ambitions and morality both are different things they cannot go with each other. If you want to pass an ambitious life then you will sacrifice your morality.

A business man or a great financer does not have any morality, he proves himself as a religious person and talks about the right of others but he actually exploits the rights of others in order to gain more benefit and for the accumulation of wealth. A political leader who always talk nicely about reformation of the state and the progress of the people but in fact he remains busy to enrich his politics. A religious scholar who gets more knowledge about the religious events and the rules of religion only wants that people act according to his teachings.

A happy man who has been taught from his very birth not to be slave of another’s will. A happy man always speaks truth. He acts and thinks in a free man arid keeps himself away from worldly temptation. He is the master of his passion and desires. He is not afraid of death. He never thinks about his rise and falls in the society and does not believe in flattery. He is not interested in this world and hates private and public fame. He does not care of rumors and false praise. He knows the rules of a good life. He performs his duties in a proper way and feels happiness in praying God day and night. He spends his time in study or with a friend. He has neither hope of prosperity nor fear of poverty. He is the master of his soul and will, even though he has no wealth, land and property but he has spiritual and moral qualities that a man truly needs. An honest man is actually a happy man and his life is truly happy life. lie always leads a simple and honorable life, he is straight forward so that he has no need to defend himself with armour nor does he need to move to a secret cell for protection. He is not a very ambitious fellow, hut wants to pass his life in a peaceful manner.

My interesting dream is that I prepare myself to lead very simple life like a happy man. It does not mean that I do not make any decision about my duty, I wish that I will act according to the will of Allah, If he gives me a responsibility I will try to fulfill it with all my efforts honestly.

Essay on The Value of Press

The press or the print media plays very important role in a country and all over the world. It provides information about different events related with the life changed. Newspapers, Magazines and other printed reports give a direct effect on the people of a society. News paper reading has its own benefits and utilities which may be stated as following.

  • It provides current news related with a country and all over the world.
  • It gives knowledge about the government programmes and its methods to progress the country.
  • Newspaper reading gives information about latest science discoveries and technological changes about many industries.
  • Due to newspaper reading one becomes aware about political, social and economical activities occurring all over the world.
  • All newspaper and magazines give information about famous scientists, political leaders, religious scholars, philosophers, players, T.V artists, writers, poets and film stars.
  • The press and print media give information about sports, weather forecasting and current affairs.
  • The newspapers and other print media provide quick knowledge about accidents, earthquakes, social and political affairs.


In democracy, the print media and newspapers are free from any outward pressure and they are free to publish open critical and useful reports, views and interviews. News papers play the role of check and balance. In fact, great changes in the administration of a country may be made through the agency of newspapers.

The main object of the news papers in democracy should be to serve and be helpful to all classes of people. The newspapers provide help in publicity of modern trade and commerce and help in economic development of a country.

It is the duty of all newspapers and magazines that they do not allow their own interests in their reports but they only publish the truth in every section of their printed matter. They give just, right and true information for the public so they must not give and pace of baseless report in their printed matter. If our newspapers and print media realizes its duty and establishes a good system of check and balance then it would be a great source of knowledge.