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Saturday, 30 April 2016

Essay On Women Place in Society


Essay On Women Place in Society 

Many women are greatly disturbed by their lot as women i h this changing world. They are becoming painfully conscious of the fact that there is something basically wrong with woman's place illthe modern world. The English suffragettes claimed that they had broken the panes of the kitchen and emancipated women. But the question is, are women really emancipated?. Is the place of workwomen in society today basically different from that of women of past centuries?.

We find career women everywhere. We find professional women amidst us. There are women doctors, women lawyers, women teachers. women engineers, women business executives. Women compete with men in every segment of human life. Going a step further, women have equal rights with men. They have voting rights as well. Women have ventured into fields where many men dare not travel. A Russian woman astronaut has successfully orbited outer space. All these we accept taking all for granted.

Although \ \ omen have made great progress in education and have contributed their service in different fields of life, the contention is that the basic attitude of society towards women has not changed radically so that women are not able to play their proper role to the fullest measure in society. We often hear of women complaining of the dullness and loneliness of staying at home and looking after children. Many a married woman has to give up her career after marriage. Nowadays we hear people talking of kitchen education for women. It means education in domestic science.

Is domestic science a refined term for kitchen education? There are educationists who talk of giving girls an education different from that of boys. I begin to doubt seriously whether women are as emancipated as they claim to be. Many women deliberately deceive themselves by thinking they are free and enjoy equal rights with men. The word -emancipation" becomes meaningful only if we care to ask "From what do women want to be emancipated?

The emancipation of women, to my mind, should be from men, and from old ideas and traditional views on their role in society. Only when women succeed in freeing themselves from these force will they find their proper place in the world.

Nowadays it is fashionable for men to talk eloquently about freedom and equality for women. This is insincere talk. Ask any man to remain at home, cook, wash dishes, scrub the floor, and do a
dozen other everyday chores. At once they retort, This is not a man's job -- it is the work of women". Straight-away they imprison women, 'Your place is in the home; my place is outside, they claim, They emphasize the biological role of workmen to bear and feed children. Men, without any exception, treat women as the weaker sex'. There is a complete identity in the attitudes of men and society towards women's place and role in the community.

It is true that the biological role of women is to bear children' but with the progress of science, children could be fed out of milk bottles. So the question of feeding the children is solved. Even then if women elect to spend as much of their time outside as men, the outraged voices of men will shout women back into their homes again. By feeding the children out of the bottle the biological limitation on women's activity outside home can be partly overcome.

Not content with that, people raise the question of children losing maternal love. It confounds me why children should have twenty four hours of maternal love and barely four hours of paternal love. Why not the other way, or for a change, why not equal hours of maternal and paternal love?

The charge that women are the weaker sex is not generally true. Strength and courage are partly qualities of the mind, and women have proved that they have these qualities in abundance. In the remote past women were as strong and as brave as men and they ranged along side men in the forests and countryside engaged in hunting the animals in the forest.

Women are deliberately suppressed by men in their present position in society. They are forced all the time narrow confines of their homes. Public opinion is much against women spending most of their time outside their homes. Women, in my opinion, have not yet achieved their emancipation.

In the modern world, with opportunities for higher education, women have a dual role to play; one inside the home, and the other in the community in which they live. According to Dr. Barbara Castle, women should try to take a keen interest in, and play in active role in, life outside their home so as to avoid the drudgery, loneliness and disillusion that may set in the latter part of their married life when their children are grown up and leave them to live on their own. the opportunity de Beaviour. a world leading feminist writer, states that in this changing world there should be a new era of partnership between men and women - a partnership in which both are protectors and home builders together. It is out of tune with the trend of time to give women only the job of nest building and home keeping. The attitude of men that "Always I shall bring the bacon and you shall do the cooking " should undergo a revolutionary chan3e. The changed outlook should be " Let us both being the bacon and let us both do the cooking.

Only when men and society at large accept this view, can the emancipation of women become a reality. Society should begin to think of women first as human beings, and then only as women. Women should be given the opportunity and freedom to spend a few hours away from the home, to engage themselves in some kind of work in the community so as to keep away the feeling of frustration and loneliness that may arise if they remain within the walls of the home all the time.

Humanity will achieve its highest and noblest ideas only if men cease to treat women as their property and regard


them as equals.

Essay On Women Place In The Modern World


Essay On Women Place In The Modern World

Many women are greatly disturbed by their lot as women i h this changing world. They are becoming painfully conscious of the fact that there is something basically wrong with woman's place illthe modern world. The English suffragettes claimed that they had broken the panes of the kitchen and emancipated women. But the question is, are women really emancipated?. Is the place of workwomen in society today basically different from that of women of past centuries?.

We find career women everywhere. We find professional women amidst us. There are women doctors, women lawyers, women teachers. women engineers, women business executives. Women compete with men in every segment of human life. Going a step further, women have equal rights with men. They have voting rights as well. Women have ventured into fields where many men dare not travel. A Russian woman astronaut has successfully orbited outer space. All these we accept taking all for granted.

Although \ \ omen have made great progress in education and have contributed their service in different fields of life, the contention is that the basic attitude of society towards women has not changed radically so that women are not able to play their proper role to the fullest measure in society. We often hear of women complaining of the dullness and loneliness of staying at home and looking after children. Many a married woman has to give up her career after marriage. Nowadays we hear people talking of kitchen education for women. It means education in domestic science.

Is domestic science a refined term for kitchen education? There are educationists who talk of giving girls an education different from that of boys. I begin to doubt seriously whether women are as emancipated as they claim to be. Many women deliberately deceive themselves by thinking they are free and enjoy equal rights with men. The word -emancipation" becomes meaningful only if we care to ask "From what do women want to be emancipated?

The emancipation of women, to my mind, should be from men, and from old ideas and traditional views on their role in society. Only when women succeed in freeing themselves from these force will they find their proper place in the world.

Nowadays it is fashionable for men to talk eloquently about freedom and equality for women. This is insincere talk. Ask any man to remain at home, cook, wash dishes, scrub the floor, and do a
dozen other everyday chores. At once they retort, This is not a man's job -- it is the work of women". Straight-away they imprison women, 'Your place is in the home; my place is outside, they claim, They emphasize the biological role of workmen to bear and feed children. Men, without any exception, treat women as the weaker sex'. There is a complete identity in the attitudes of men and society towards women's place and role in the community.

It is true that the biological role of women is to bear children' but with the progress of science, children could be fed out of milk bottles. So the question of feeding the children is solved. Even then if women elect to spend as much of their time outside as men, the outraged voices of men will shout women back into their homes again. By feeding the children out of the bottle the biological limitation on women's activity outside home can be partly overcome.

Not content with that, people raise the question of children losing maternal love. It confounds me why children should have twenty four hours of maternal love and barely four hours of paternal love. Why not the other way, or for a change, why not equal hours of maternal and paternal love?

The charge that women are the weaker sex is not generally true. Strength and courage are partly qualities of the mind, and women have proved that they have these qualities in abundance. In the remote past women were as strong and as brave as men and they ranged along side men in the forests and countryside engaged in hunting the animals in the forest.

Women are deliberately suppressed by men in their present position in society. They are forced all the time narrow confines of their homes. Public opinion is much against women spending most of their time outside their homes. Women, in my opinion, have not yet achieved their emancipation.

In the modern world, with opportunities for higher education, women have a dual role to play; one inside the home, and the other in the community in which they live. According to Dr. Barbara Castle, women should try to take a keen interest in, and play in active role in, life outside their home so as to avoid the drudgery, loneliness and disillusion that may set in the latter part of their married life when their children are grown up and leave them to live on their own. the opportunity de Beaviour. a world leading feminist writer, states that in this changing world there should be a new era of partnership between men and women - a partnership in which both are protectors and home builders together. It is out of tune with the trend of time to give women only the job of nest building and home keeping. The attitude of men that "Always I shall bring the bacon and you shall do the cooking " should undergo a revolutionary chan3e. The changed outlook should be " Let us both being the bacon and let us both do the cooking.

Only when men and society at large accept this view, can the emancipation of women become a reality. Society should begin to think of women first as human beings, and then only as women. Women should be given the opportunity and freedom to spend a few hours away from the home, to engage themselves in some kind of work in the community so as to keep away the feeling of frustration and loneliness that may arise if they remain within the walls of the home all the time.

Humanity will achieve its highest and noblest ideas only if men cease to treat women as their property and regard


them as equals.

Horrors Of Modern Wars Essay On Wars

Essay On Horrors Of Modern Wars.

Man is a fighting animal. Perhaps man's very first invention was a simple weapon like a stone tied to a stick. In the Middle Ages more and more deadly methods of killing were invented. Man invented guns for killing his enemy up to a distance of many miles. These weapons appear almost harmless when compared to the Atom and Hydrogen bombs of today. These bombs can destroy big cities in the twinkling of an eye.

The atom bomb thrown on the city of Hiroshima (Japan) in 1945 turned it into ruins; flames rose up to5,000 feet and 80,000 people were killed in a few minutes time. Even today an armament race is going on between different power blocs and the shadows of a new world war are always hovering over the world.

Wars destroy not only innumerable lives and property but also morals. traditions. culture and civilization of mankind. In olden days one man fought against the other, and it was always the stronger one who won the fight. Today individual bravery is not a deciding factor. Even a small sized man may go up in an aeroplane and destroy a city of the bravest men. He can hit the enemy from a distance of hundreds of miles with the help of rockets. There is war on land, war on sea and war in the air.

Every city becomes a target of bombardment. Tanks and mechanized units cause death and destruction on land. Civil populations, suffer heavy losses, while soldiers fight for months in the trenches, without even the bare necessities of life. During the First World War there was food shortage in England, and at a later stage, also in Germany. In war times civil population too has to make big sacrifices.

All their savings go to the war and their economic progress is stopped. because there is a constant danger of air-raids. In the Sino-Japanese war, that ended in 1949, thousands of Chinese were killed by Jap. bombs, and many beautiful cities were destroyed. Again, the ruthless warfare practised by Germans in the last war resulted in the sinking of thousands of merchant and passenger ships.

In wars, thousands of soldiers fighting on the ,front are arrested. These prisoners of war are handled in the most cruel way. Submarines, destroyers and battleships are employed for destructive purposes on the sea. The aerial warfare is still more destructive. Bombs are dropped from the air, and in a short time railway lines, industrial centres, places of worship, and huge buildings are reduced to ashes. The attack of enemy bombers and fighters is followed by the hoot of sirens and the roar of aircraft guns. People rush into underground air-raid shelters and face great difficulties.

Modern warfare is a deliberate mass murder because the enemy aims at killir.g as many people as possible. The after-effects of wars prove still more deadly. Wars also have a very bad effect on the economy of the country. Hunger, disease and misery follow every war. Crops are destroyed and the next generation is ill-fed and diseased. The poisonous gases of bombs cause strange diseases.

As the finest youth of the nation die in the war, the next generation is bred and 'brought up by crippled and sickly people. These after¬effects of wars are very dangerous. Thus, wars give mankind nothing but widows, taxes, wooden legs and debts. Civilization begins a-new after every war and all the achievements of peace are lost in a short time.

Sunday, 24 April 2016

Essay on Television Addiction

TV Addiction            Words (306)

Watching television is an experience shared by most adults and children. It is cheap, appealing, and within the reach of the general public. In this way, TV has become an important mass media around the world. Sadly, this resource isn’t used in a way that people could get the best possible benefits from it. The first reason why people shouldn’t watch too much television is because the content of many TV programs is not educational.

Nowadays, we can see movies, series, and shows that present scenes of violence, sex, and drugs. This has established wrong concepts among the audience that influence them into having a negative behavior. The second reason why people shouldn’t watch too much television is because it makes people waste time that could be used in more beneficial activities. The time we spend watching TV could be applied to useful activities like exercise, reading, interacting with friends and family, activities that are a crucial for a healthy lifestyle. The third reason why people shouldn’t watch too much television is because it negatively affects people’s mental development.

According to several scientific studies, watching TV for prolonged periods of time has a negative effect over the intellectual development of children and leads to deterioration of the mental capacity in older people by causing both attention and memory problems in the long term. In conclusion, people shouldn’t watch too much television because the content of many TV programs is not educational; it makes people waste time that could be used in more beneficial activities; and it affects people’s mental development. However, this doesn’t mean that we should ban TV, but if we are going to watch it, we should do it with moderation. Television is a resource that we should learn to use through the right selection of programs by taking an active and critical attitude towards it.

Essay On Life Is Action Not Contemplation

Life Is Action Not Contemplation Essay.This famous quotation from the German poet and Philosopher Goethe, contains a valuable idea. Life is not just a reverie, a dream. It is much more than that. It is action, endeavour great and heroic deeds. Without energetic action, life would stagnate. Without true deeds, life would become static and would lose much of its charm. A life of thought and reflection would be quite futile if thought never emerges to issue in practical action.

This does not, however, mean that contemplation has no place in life. Contemplation induces peace of mind, tranquillity and contentment. Great ideals are usually a product of contemplation. Practically all the germinal ideas of the world have come from thinkers and Philosophers with whom contemplation was a habit. Without mature reflection and cool deliberation nothing should be done. Meditation and silent prayer are purifying agents for the soul and a sedative for the nerves.

But contemplation should never be regarded as the aim or reason diet of human life. If great idea offered to the world by Philosophers had not been translated into action by practical men. they would have been lost. If the teachings of thinkers like Rousseau and Voltaire had not been given a concrete shape in the form of position, there would have been no revolution and no political progress in France.

The march of civilisation has largely depended upon men of action, men for whom the desire to do brave deeds was supreme. How much does the world owe to its great explorers, navigators and mountain -- climbers who faced the wrath of nature and fury of the elements in order to satisfy their inner urge for action.
Think of the large number of men who have in one way or other contributed to the progress and prosperity of mankind or who have been responsible for the realisation of the great ideals of the world.

George Washington, Abraham Lincoln. Pasteur, John Brown, Florence nightingale. Garibaldi Lenin--- all these were those persons whose capacity for action was exceptional. It is . indeed, interesting to imagine what would have happened if all these and similar men and women of action had passed their lives in contemplation. Would not human life have still been primitive? The attitude of mind expressed by Tennyson is certainly not to be envied or encouraged.

Life would come to a standstill if we were all to spend our existence in dreamily ease. We would therefore say with Ulysses that- to strive, to seek, to find and not to yield, is the sum of life. We ought not to pause, to make an end, to cut unfurnished.- As Carlyle says. "Work while it is called today for the night cometh where in no man can work-. Merely to brood and muse over life would be a poor way of spending time. If we were all to act upon Stevensons's advice and turn idlers (even in his sense of the word), life would become exceedingly dull. There is a keen pleasure in achievement and a great joy in creation compared with which the satisfaction born of mere contemplation is nothing.



Besides, the desire for action is something irrepressible except in morbid. lazy people . Nature has endowed us with inexhaustible reserves of energy and we must utilize them in action. War itself. which is so destructive, may be looked upon as a necessity since it serves as an outlet for superabundant energy that accumulates in human beings. In short, it is not desirable to retire into jungles. like Pakistani saints or go to monasteries .like medieval Christian monks and spend life in meditation. The prophets moved about among men and made energetic efforts to teach mankind the ideal way of life.

Essay On Man Is The Architect Of His Own Fortune

Essay On Man Is The Architect Of His Own Fortune.The maxim means in plain English that the fortune of a man depends upon his own self; he can make or mar according as he wishes. In other word, the destiny of a man lies in his own hands,and he can be successful if he only wills it. Man has been sent out to this world by God endowed with all those qualities which are essential for greatness. It is up to man to utilise these qualities. If he puts his whole heart into his work and makes the best use of his talents, he cannot but be successful in life. He only courts failure, if he does not do this.

A man who possesses a strong will and a firm determination finds all difficulties solved. To him there are a thousand ways open to steer clear of all dangers and difficulties. Such a man goes on working hard with a strong resolution and an unshaken will, who achieves success and makes his fortune. It is the height of folly to suppose that wealth, fame or power comes to a man by his sitting at home and only asking for it.

A person must be persevering and must exert himself, if he wants to shape out his destiny. He who fails to bring strength of mind and industry to bear upon his work in life has nothing but suffering and troubles as his lot. If a man cannot achieve wealth and fortune unless he works hard and unless he has a powerful will, it follows that he is the builder of his own fortune, He can make his fortune if he wishes to do so, by being industrious and persevering. He call also bring misery and suffering upon himself if he has not the wish to labour.

The well-known story of the carpenter-boy shows how even impossible thing are made possible and how one's destiny can be completely changed by an iron will. A carpenter-boy was one day found hard at work in repairing a chair and polishing it. One of his neighbours, who was watching him at his work, ridiculed him for his taking so much pains. The boy replied to his neighbour's ridicule by saying that there was a motive behind his action. He was polishing it so carefully because he would one day sit upon it.

The neighbour laughed at his idea, but what was his surprise when he found that the boy, by dint of perseverance and strength of will, rose to be a magistrate and actually sat upon the chair, which he had himself mended. The carpenter-boy by his own efforts changed his destiny of remaining a poor carpenter all his life.

Every man reaps the result of his own actions. If he is active, he will be rewarded for his activity and if he is idle, he will haye to suffer for his idleness. Many men have a tendency to sit idle. for they say it is impossible to do anything against Fate. But there can be nothing so foolish as to believe that luck or destiny makes one's fortune. We all known that "Fortune favours the brave, and there is no exaggeration in this.

Fortune comes only to those who have the capacity to face dangers without shrinking and who are not disheartened by failure. In other words, those who are active and work with a determination can only come by fortune. This is the same as saying that only those who have a strong desire to win fortune can be favoured by it. To trust to fate and remain inactive is nothing but cowardice, and it is idle to expect that fortune will ever favour such cowards.

To suppose that other persons or powers can be of help to promote one's well being or give one a fortune only proves one's weakness. This is never possible. It rests entirely with every individual to shape his own ends. It is thus clear that man cannot improve his condition in life or get fame and fortune, unless he wills it and acts in accordance with his wish. It is out of the question to hope for success by doing nothing and only dreaming of wealth and renown.



It is only the weak and feeble hearted who lay blame at the door of their failures, for which their own idleness and negligence alone are responsible. Those who exert their will are sure to find that fortune is theirs, and their examples as also of those who are fatalists will prove beyond the shadow of doubt that it depends upon every man to improve his position in life or spoil it according as he wishes.

Essay On The Man Who Hesitates Is Lost

The Man Who Hesitates Is Lost Essay.Hesitation, or the want of firmness of mind to take proper action at the right moment, stands in the way of progress and brings about failure and ruin in life. This is what is implied by the proverb. The reason why hesitation is so fatal to success is not far to seek. Opportunities come but once in a lifetime. If an opportunity presents itself to one, and one hesitates to utilise it, one loses it for ever, for time and opportunity once lost can never, be recalled.

The lost opportunity may be such as to spoil the man's future career and bring ruin upon him, for there is no knowing what misfortune may lie hidden beneath the opportunities that come to a man. It was for this that Napoleon the Great was always fond of saying that "Every minute lost gives an opportunity for misfortune- Besides opportunities, every man may expect critical times to come upon him some time or the other during his lifetime. If on such occasions he does not take prompt action but waits to consider what should be done, the danger overpowers him and he is lost.Life in this world is a constant struggle.

Every man tries to outstrip his fellows in the race of life. He who is active and has the capacity to act with promptness comes out successful, but the who wavers is left far behind and wakes to find himself hopelessly, beaten, like the hare in the story of "The Hare and the Tortoise. A hesitating man is never successful in life. While he deliberates as to the proper course to adopt, the opportunity for action comes and goes.

When perhaps he has finished his deliberation, he finds that either the favourable chance has slipped by, or someone else more alert and active has taken advantage of it. There is no room for idleness or calm and leisurely deliberation. We must " take time by the forelock- and never allow a favourable moment pass away for want of decision. The inability to settle at once the plan of action when called upon to do so causes much suffering and misery and spoils many a bright career.

However gifted a man might be, if he does not possess firmness of mind and the capacity of immediate action, he can never hope to be victorious in the hard struggle for existence. The dangers of hesitation are also evident in the commonplace affairs of life. If the farmer hesitates to plough his land or sow his seeds when it is time for sowing or ploughing and allows the opportune moment to pass away, he cannot reap any harvest and will be compelled to face starvation.

The business man who hesitates to transact business when the market is favourable suffers great losses. To whatever sphere of life we turn, we notice that hesitation leads to nothing but disaster, while prompt action to success. How dangerous hesitation is in the practical affairs of life, not only where individuals are concerned, but also where nations are in question, will be clear from the following illustrations. In the Peninsular War, Marshal Soult had reduced the British troops to the point of yielding.

One determined attack by him at this moment would have completely routed the British army and as he was about to do so, the Duke of Wellington, the English general, arrived on the field of battle. At the sight of their general the English soldiers raised loud cheers of joy. Hearing these shouts, Marshal Soult hesitated to attack and this hesitation on his part deprived him of the chance of defeating the English army, which was almost a settled fact.

Hesitation is nothing but weakness in men who do not possess a strong mind. This is a defect which can easily be remedied, if one wills it. If one subjects oneself to a mental training and educates one's mind to have firmness and resolution, this serious drawback can be overcome. A man who is wanting in the power of decision finds himself at the mercy of every cireumstance in life.



It has been proved that hesitation is one of the greatest obstacles standing in the way of progress. It subjects one to failures and disappointments and in many cases brings utter ruin. It should, therefore, be the aim of all to overcome this weakness if they happen to have it. If they succeed, they will find that life is, after all, not so bad as they thought it to be, for strength of mind will bring success and prosperity to them.

Saturday, 23 April 2016

A Dialogue Between Tailor And A Customer

A Dialogue Between Tailor And A Customer

Tailor: Good morning, sir. What can I do for you? Customer: I want to look at some cloth for a suit.
T: Certainly, sir. Any particular colour?
C: Yes, I want a dark brown.
T: It is for lounge suit, sir?
C: An ordinary lounge suit, like I am wearing now.
T: Here is a very nice cloth, sir, which wears well and looks neat.
C:Yes, it looks nice. But it is rather heavy. Haven't you anyth
T: Yes, sir; here is a very nice staff. It is a little more expen-sive but it is worth the extra money.
C: What is the price?
T: Rs. 65 a yard- double width.
C: 1-low much should I require for a suit?
T: Four yards will be ample. That would be Rs. 260 for the suit length.
C: And what do you charge for making?
T: Rs. 100, sir and Rs. 35 for lining, buttons, etc.
C: I see; Rs. 395 altogether. I think I will take it.
T: Very good, sir, I will take you measurements
Thank you, sir. Can you come for a try on next Monday.
C: Let me see. I am afraid Monday will be awkward. Shall we
say Tuesday?
T: Very good, sir. It will be ready for you on Tuesday. Is there anything else I can do for you? Shirts? Ties? Vests? Stockings?
C: No, I think not; thank you. Bye!
T: Good bye, sir; and thank you.

A Dialogue Between A Doctor And A Patient

A Dialogue Between A Doctor And A Patient


Patient: Hello doctor! Can you spare me a few minutes?

Doctor: Certainly! Come in and sit down. Now, what is the matter with you?

P: That is just what I want you to tell me.

D: Well, tell me how you are suffering?

P: I seem to be generally out of sorts. I have no appetite for my food, and yet I am always suffering from indifestion.

D: Are you troubled with headaches?

P: Yes, I am. And what is worse I cannot sleep at night.

D: I see. What is your work?

P: I am a clerk in an office, and have to work long hours.

D: What sort of exercise do you take in the evening?

P: I am afraid I don't take any. I feel so tired when I get home that I simply want to sit down, or go to bed.

D: I see. Well, you are evidently run down, and need a rest and change. All your troubles are signs of nervous exhaustion. I will give you a nerve tonic; but the main thing is rest. If you do as I say, you will soon be all right.

P: Thank you, doctor. I will follow your advice, Good sight!



D: Good night! And let me know how you get on.

Thursday, 14 April 2016

Essay On Inflation In Pakistan

Essay On Inflation In Pakistan.Inflation has been gradually building up for the last one or two cedes. It is not restricted to a few countries; it is a world wide phenomenon. Its reasons and caues are so numerous that it is scarcely possible to write all of them down here in a short essay. At most, only a sketchy account of inflation can be given and that too in relation to Pakistan alone.

In addition to general reasons applicable to all other countries of the world, there are certain particular reasons also which added to the inflationary trend in Pakistan. The 1971 War, which paralysed the economy of Pakistan and brought misery to hundreds of thousands of people, is one of the major reasons. After this War, Pakistan currency had to be devalued sharply as an initial step towards rebuilding the economy. 

The 1973 floods in the Punjab and Sind destroyed crops and property worth crores of rupees and took uncountable human lives. But this was not all. The sharp hike in oil prices proved to be as disastrous for our economy as the 1971 War. The result was that the prices of goods short up to a new height, while the balance of payment reserves dwindled to their lowest ebb.

What is the remedy? It is possible to arrest this run-away inflation? Well, different econontsts offer different remedies: few have proved fruitful. The most common remedy suggested is that the production of goods must be stepped up so that they could be exported to earn the much needed foreign exchange. But with the goods being sent abroad, how to check the prices at home?

Others suggest that the government should decrease its investment on public works programme. During the period of inflation the government should raise the rates of both direct and indirect taxes so that the individual consumer may have less money to spend. Still others recommend that the wages should not be allowed to increase as this will intensify the effects of inflation. The govertunent may adopt the policy of allowing the individuals to have a share of the essential articles at a relatively low price as the prices of essential commodities are fixed and their distribution is also arranged at those fixed prices.

Last but not least, the government must introduce check and balance system. No one should be allowed to overcharge. The prices of the commodities of daily use must be fixed people should also show the veal income to the government so that government could plan in a better way.



Essay On The United Nations Organizations UNO

Essay On The United Nations Organizations.The hope of the world lies in the United nations Organization. It alone can save the world from the horrors of a Thermo-nuclear war. If the U.NO. goes the way of the League of Nations, the world will go down the gap of a volcano. It will burn and burst like a big bomb.

The U.N.0 was born after the Second World War on 24th October 1945 after the signing of the Atlantic Charter. Every year 24th October is celebrated as the U.N. Day throughout the world.

The U.N.0 was a committee of nations. The original need was for a world body to strive and keep peace in the world after the end of the Second World War. The brains behind the big move were the Big Three --- Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin. a conference was called at San Francisco which was attended by all the Allied Powers. It prepared a charter of international peace --- the Atlantic Charter. Ironically enough. the Atlantic Charter was hammered home on the Pacific coast of San Francisco!

The first committee of the U.N.O. was the Security Council. It had five permanent members -- the U.S.A., Russia, United Kingdom. France and Nationalist China --- who were equally vested with the right of veto over any question, so that unless and until all these five Powers agreed upon a question, it could not be carried through in the Security Council. That precedent continues right up to now. Only' that China is not the Communist China represented there, but the China of Chiang Kai-shek in Formosa.

The seating of Communist China and the unseating of Formosa has been one of the most burning topics in the U.N.O. The other units of the U.N.O. are the General assembly. the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and Trusteeship Council. Each member-nation is represented on the General Assembly but the Security Council has only 11 members of which the five are permanent and the rest are elected by the General Assembly by rotation.

Another wings is the International Court of Justice appointed by the General Assembly at The Hague. One of the most popular wings of the U.N.0, is U.N.E.S.C.O. (United Nations Education. Scientific and Cultural organization) which is headquartered at Paris. The U.N.O. itself has its headquarters at New York.
The U.N.0 shares great responsibilities without having equally great powers.

It has done a solid job in Korea, Indo China. Suez and the Congo in preventing major international conflicts and maintaining peace and order in the afflicted countries. Pakistani troops have played a great part in all these theatres of conflict and clash. In other fields, the U.N.0 means freedom from ignorance and disease also. It takes care of the handicapped children throughout the world. Now it has more than one hundred nations as its members. Its secretariat is in New York.



The head of the U.N.O. is U Than. Burmese national. Each member-nation contributes its share of the expenses of the U.N.O. -- the big powers, however, pay more than the small nations. It has been proposed that the U.N.O. should have an army of its own and it should also be entrusted with legislative powers for the whole world. But this dream is still to be realized. The U.N.O. has become a hot-bed of politics. Only the sanity in the world leaders can save this organisations as well as the humanity.

Essay On Universal Brotherhood

Essay On Universal Brotherhood.The world is not as big as it used to be. Today, rapid communication facilities have brought us all very close together. Environmental concern has also brought us to think of ourselvesbeing the direct causes of each other's happiness. Forest tires in Indonesia cause haze in Singapore; industries in one European country cause acid rain in another. No more can we afford to live within our own countries' boundaries and say that we do not need others. In fact, in the area of economics, we have already realized the value of looking after each other.

We are not far from the idealistic state of living as members of a family. The idea of universal brotherhood is not a strange one. Many great men have written about it from time. There is so much more to be gained if man can live in the ideal of universal brotherhood. Imagine a world of plenty. Right now there is a situation in the world of plenty in one area and extreme poverty in other areas.

With the consciousness of universal brotherhood there will not be poverty anywhere. We know that at least as far as food is concerned, there is abundance. With food being distributed like within a family, the farmers in the rain forest countries will not cut down the forests for farming. They just don't have to and can do other work.

With universal brotherhood. there is no such thing as countries or border. We can go to each other's countries at will with no such fuss as passports and immigration. If we can travel so freely within our own countries, and if we are all as brothers, we could just work or live anywhere in the world that pleases us. With the concept of universal brotherhood too will come that deep love for each other. If there is just more love in the world than at present. the world will be a beautiful place to life in indeed.

If ever human being in the world will consider every other human being as a brother, then even the idea of war will cease to exist. Is this possible? We have many examples in the world of small communities living in love and brotherhood. If this is possible for even a few human beings, the idea of universal brotherhood is just an expansion of the idea.

Last but not least, tolerence is also very important for universal brotherhood. If we develop this virtue in ourselves, it is very easy to make this world heaven. Modern scientific inventions like computer. TV., disk and internet has converted this world to a big village. That is why it is hour of need that we should develop universal brotherhood.

Essay On My Favourite Teacher

Essay On My Favorite Teacher.In Govt. Islamia College, I have found an ideal teacher. Mr. Babar is a youngman of 35, with sound health and sound mind. He is really a man of intellect and intelligence. He is the store-house of knowledge and wisdom. Sometimes I wonder how he has acquired so much knowledge and learning.

While in the class he is a strict disciplinarian. He teaches sincerely and enthusiastically. He explains till every student is satisfied. His method of teaching is very good. His sound arguments, .easy explanations and well-knit thoughts make the students listen to him most attentively. He keeps the class lively and in good humour.
He does not allow anY kind of boredom or idleness to descend upon the class. His witty femarks are really pleasing and delightful.

Over and above, he is a good sportsman and an acknowledged athlete. That is why he is very much interested in games and e always instructs students to play while play sports. and study while
He himself is a good debater and keeps the study."

audience spell bouod byhis powerful oratory. He has mastery over various subjects. Bt his study of English literature is so deep and vast that he is held in high esteem by the students and, the staff alike. He is an nd ustrious teacher and takes pains while teaching.He is the master of style and as Ruskin has said "Style is the man-, his lucid language. 5ound knowledge and a good background of the subject make him one of the most admirable teachers of the institution.



He is kind and sympathetic towards the poor and intelligent students. Students love him and like him because of his sterling character alid other qualities of head and heart. His wit and wisdom is a subject of discussion. On the whole, in Govt. Islamia College, I have not only my ideal teacher. but a treat philosopher, friend and guide as well.

Essay On Pakistani Village Life

Essay On Pakistani Village Life.Pakistan is an agricultural country. Our prosperity depends upon our agricultural production. For this, the Pakistan farmer's contribution is great. Pakistan. as a matter of fact, is a land of farmers. They live in villages. About 75 per cent of our population lives in villages.

A Pakistani farmer is respected by everyone. It is he who produces grains for the rest of the country. The whole year. the Pakistani farmer is busy in tilling the fields. sowing seeds and reaping the crops. His, indeed, is a very busy life.

He gets up early in the morning. Then he takes his yoke, bulls and plough-share and goes to his fields. There he ploughs the land for hours together. Then he takes his breakfast. The breakfast is brought by the members of his family in the fields. His breakfast is very simple. It mainly consists of bread; pickle and lassi (a preparation from curd). After taking his breakfast, he again gets busy with his work.

He labours very hard. But after his hard labour he gets a very reasonable amount. He sells his production of food-grains in the market at a low and normal price. He lives a very simple life. His clothes are simple. He lives in a mud-house. His property consists of a few bulls, a plough-share and - a few acres of land. He lives from hand to mouth.

A farmer is the very soul of a nation. Our Government always tries to help the farmers. Sometimes, Govt. provides them free-interest loans, tractors and other machinery. Everybody knows the fact that it the farmer who feeds the nation. On him depends the agricultural production. They must be provided with all the latest implements of farming. Better seeds, fertilizers, manure, implements for agriculture can enable him to produce more, and grow more.

Essay On My Most Interesting Dream

Essay On My Future Dreams Plans.

Dreams a-e the by-products of our sub-conscious state of mind. Dreams are of many kinds. But the dream which I had last Sunday was the most interesting dream of mine. In dream, I was transported into a fairy land where beautiful belles were dancing and singing.I dreamt that I had gone to Paris. There I went into a night club. I saw many exciting scenes there - Twist, Ballroom and Shake were going on. As I was watching the spectacle of dance and drama, a beautiful girl gazed upon me.

I was attracted by her rosy cheeks and alluring eyes and smiles on her face. I at once recollected the famous poem of Keats known as "La Belle Dame Sans Merci". Her silent expression of love enthralled me. I was really captivated by her charms and sweetness. She was really making her silent expressions of love to me. I thought of responding to her love.

I talked to her and she passed very lovely and witty remarks upon me. Then both of us took a cup of coffee. We talked to our hearts, content. At the same time. I was recollecting the eternal lines of Shakespeare.

Love is not love that alters
When it finds alterations.
Or bends with the remover to remove.

Now I was thinking, whether her love was true or false. But I tried to he true to her. I sincerely expressed my love to her in the most unambiguous terms. We ultimately promised to marry and live as companions.
Soon the dance, drama and music programme came to an end. With this she also went somewhere, saying that she will be coming soon.

I kept waiting for her. But she did not turn up. I was repenting over my love. I was thinking that I had been be tread in love. As I was pondering over this heart-stricken subject. my eyes opened. I realised that I was enjoying the night life of Paris in dream.



In the dream. I really came across a woman who has been described by John Keats in his profound poem "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" i.e. The Beautiful Woman without Mercy-. The dream was interesting, exciting and intoxicating.

Wednesday, 13 April 2016

Essay On Rome Was Not Built In A Day

Essay On Rome Was Not Built In A Day.Nothing great or valuable is possible in this world within a short space of time. All such things must be accomplished gradually. No one can reach the summit of a mountain by a single leap. The climbing must be done slowly and cautiously and considerable effort is required to reach the top. A building cannot rise suddenly from its foundation to roof. It must be constructed step by step: first the foundation, then the plinth, then the walls and finally the roof.

The city of Rome with its magnificent buildings, public parks and squares and its extensive empire, embracing almost the whole world, was not the work of a single day. Rome was at first only a small village having only a few mean huts. Long years of patient toil on the part of the people, their perseverance and strong determination made Rome the greatest power in the world and helped her to attain the height of glory and prosperity. It was not the work of days or months but years.

That is true of everything great in this world. One cannot expect to be successful in any great undertaking in the course of a few days. In order to accomplish any difficult task certain qualities are essential. In the first place, a clear cut plan arrived at after due and mature deliberation is necessary. Secondly, there must be an earnestness about the work undertaken, and lastly, patient perseverance is needed to carry the work through. Over and above these essential qualities, time and steady application and industry are also indispensable.

Armed with these qualities, any man can hope to achieve success in any enterprise, however great and difficult it might be. Without the qualities mentioned above, however, it is not possible to accomplish any great object or to come out successful in any difficult undertaking. If a person sets about anything without a definite and carefully considered plan, ten to one he will have to turn back after having proceeded a little way and so much labour and time will be wasted.

He will meet with difficulties which he never contemplated and he will have no other alternative but to begin afresh. Haste and impatience also stand in the way of success. These things make diligence, perseverance and close attention impossible and, without these, there can be no hope of success. Moreover, one who does not possess patience is not capable of sustained effort and very soon, long before half the work is completed. one's efforts begin to lose their intensity and one gives up the task in disgust. Want of perseverance is another obstacle in the path of success.

In every great undertaking one is sure to meet with failure for the path of success is not strewn with roses. One should not lose heart at these failure, but proceed in one's work steAdily and perseveringly. But one who is not endowed with this quality of perseverance will receive a setback as soon as failures
ertake. One will lose all energy and give up one's task in despair.

The truth of the proverb "Rome was not built in a day" is amply illustrated in the history of the English people. Their early accounts show that they were a race of rude savages. By dint of patience and perseverance, they slowly acquired civilisation and began to extend their possessions bit by bit. They came to Sub¬continent as petty traders and, by virtue of their qualities, gradually established their sway over the whole of such a large area as Sub continent.

In the same slow manner their dominions extended till at last at the present day we find that the" sun never sets on the British Empire -- so extensive are her possessions. This achievement of the English people was only possible because they were a diligent and a years, and was only possible because they were a diligent and a persevering race, The Chinese philosopher, Foo-tsze. who had given up his literary pursuits in impatience, was inspired with patience on seeing a woman rubbing a small bar of iron on a piece of stone with the object of making a knitting needle out of it. The lesson taught by the woman was deeply impressed upon him and by virtue of his patience he rose to be one of the greatest men in China.

The proverb "Rome was not built in a day" teaches us that it is foolish to expect to achieve anything great in a single day. We must allow time for the accomplishment of a great object and must have patience and perseverance to see it through. The proverb is an eye-opener and a source of encouragement to us. If for the building of the vast Roman Empire it was necessary to spend vast energy and enormous time, then it is no wonder that proportionate energy and time will have to be spent for all great things.

The example of Rome should fill us with vigour and energy even though we meet with failures, and should take us onward till we succeed in achieving the great object which is our goal.

Tuesday, 12 April 2016

Essay On Corruption In Government System

Essay On Corruption In Government System.

At present everything is fast and making progress, with this fast advancement. corruption has become a world problem. It is in fact, a universal problem, having existed in all ages. It has clung to mankind like an incurable disease. In view of its general prevalence. scholars have devoted a good deal of through and attention to this vice. The true reason for corruption is a desire to get rich by any means. In a free and competitive society, investment of capital can yield only reasonable returns in the long run.

But corruption or acceptance of bribes promises a rapid change in financial conditions. Originally the Police and P.W.D. were notorious for corruption but now the evil has spread to almost every Department of Government. Even courts of justice and education are no exceptions. They have also become an arena of corruption.

Widespread of corruption has created disappointment and discontent among the community. The machinery of government gets rusted and ceases to work in the intended manner. Corruption decreases respect for law and sense for allegiance to the government. In a society governed by corrupt officials, the whole system of moral, ethical and religious values is impaired.

The distinction between right and wrong disappears. Revolutions and military takeovers become common. Every student of history knows that one of the main causes of the downfall of nations has been corruption.
Some important factors that contribute to the prevalence of corruption differ from country to country. Those that are common to most countries including Pakistan are seven. First, general economic condition to the country is poor and every one tries to feather his nest.

Secondly, the rates of remuneration of public functionaries are low, and they are tempted to accept bribes. Thirdly, the general price level and the standard of living are very high; honest means of a person fail him. Fourthly, social conditions and customs demand lavish expenditure of money.

Fifth, there exists no strong opinion against corruption; it has been accepted as a common thing. sixthly, laws confer on the public servants vast powers and discretions; they take undue advantage of that. Lastly, there are no adequate means to prevent corruption or punish the law breakers.

To remove corruption from the society, a complete change of the political, social and economic system is necessary. No revision of pay scales, however liberal, can reduce corruption. The reason is that the wealth targets aimed at by corrupt officials are very high. Similarly a mere change in government is quite ineffective. The new government has to rely on permanent services for its day to day administration. Unless the motive or inducement for corruption is removed, corruption will continue. Four steps, however. may be of some use. First, wide discretionary powers should be taken away from individual officials. Secondly.

Anticorruption department should be made more effective. Thirdly, the minds of the people should be changed, by the prevalence of moral values. Lastly. the law-bakers should be punished severely and dealt with iron-hand.

Essay On Road Safety And Traffic Rules

Essay On Road Safety And Traffic Rules

Roads are very important in man's life because without roads we cannot go from one place to another place. We move on roads. We can go through roads wherever we wish. If there were no roads, life would become paralysed and we cannot go from one place to another, that is why roads are so important in man's life. No country can make progress without better roads. The countries which have goods roads, make progress in a short time. Roads must be metalled?

There is no doubt roads are the backbone in the development (progress) of a country. It will not be wrong to say that economy of a country also moves on the roads. Better roads in the country means better economy of a country. Better economy of a country means better standard of living of its masses. The result is development. It means the development of the roads is the educement (development) of the country.

We transport by roads. In our daily life, we see that buses are going from one place to another by roads. Roads are the source for the connection of one city to another city. If we wish to move to another place, we set out by roads.

It is the source for the communication of goods. Roads are the cheaper way to communicate goods. It is no doubt roads are bulky (big) sources for the communication (importation) of goods from one place to another.

Good roads save the time. Most of time is wasted to move from one place to another due to unmetalled roads. In the past travel to one kilometer takes one hour and now it takes only ten minutes. It is only due to the metalled roads. It has become practicable (possible) to visit one city for many times in a day. It is only feasible due to roads. Now, we can vanish in a short time due to improvement (betterment) of roads.
Goods roads also save the life. If there were suitable (good complete) roads, the chances of accident will be rare. It means better roads save us from accidents and save our lives.

Roads are the basic factors for the need of man's life because without roads life become deaden. Today man's life has become so easier because of smooth roads. Now, man cover a long distance in a short limited time owing to these plain roads. Now, we are safer than our forefathers due to the development man.
Man is a social animal. He cannot live alone. He must live with others.



He must meet other fellows. All this is feasible (possible) by roads. The earth has shrunk. Man has come very near to another of roads.In short, a man cannot fulfill his requirements without roads. Roads have become the part and parcel for the man's life.

Essay On Road Accident

Essay On Road Accident.

Roads are very important in man's life because without roads we cannot go from one place to another place. We move on roads. We can go through roads wherever we wish. If there were no roads, life would become paralysed and we cannot go from one place to another, that is why roads are so important in man's life. No country can make progress without better roads. The countries which have goods roads, make progress in a short time. Roads must be metalled?

There is no doubt roads are the backbone in the development (progress) of a country. It will not be wrong to say that economy of a country also moves on the roads. Better roads in the country means better economy of a country. Better economy of a country means better standard of living of its masses. The result is development. It means the development of the roads is the educement (development) of the country.

We transport by roads. In our daily life, we see that buses are going from one place to another by roads. Roads are the source for the connection of one city to another city. If we wish to move to another place, we set out by roads.

It is the source for the communication of goods. Roads are the cheaper way to communicate goods. It is no doubt roads are bulky (big) sources for the communication (importation) of goods from one place to another.

Good roads save the time. Most of time is wasted to move from one place to another due to unmetalled roads. In the past travel to one kilometer takes one hour and now it takes only ten minutes. It is only due to the metalled roads. It has become practicable (possible) to visit one city for many times in a day. It is only feasible due to roads. Now, we can vanish in a short time due to improvement (betterment) of roads.
Goods roads also save the life. If there were suitable (good complete) roads, the chances of accident will be rare. It means better roads save us from accidents and save our lives.

Roads are the basic factors for the need of man's life because without roads life become deaden. Today man's life has become so easier because of smooth roads. Now, man cover a long distance in a short limited time owing to these plain roads. Now, we are safer than our forefathers due to the development man.
Man is a social animal. He cannot live alone. He must live with others.



He must meet other fellows. All this is feasible (possible) by roads. The earth has shrunk. Man has come very near to another of roads.In short, a man cannot fulfill his requirements without roads. Roads have become the part and parcel for the man's life.

Essay On Motorway

Essay On Motorway.

Motorway has been constructed from Islamabad to Lahore. It has six lanes. We can trade through central Asia on this Motorway. We can represent it as a international road. It will take Pakistan to the of progress way. Motorway can be used for the transportation and travelling. It provides us with more safe. plain and comfortable way as compare to the other ways.

On this way, chances of accidents will be rare it provides us easy quick journey. This way saves our lives from accidents. This way save our time. The reasOn is this, it is even. All the restrictions have been removed from this way and there was a restriction, over bridge has been constructed where we need.

Motorway is a source of revenue. The reason is this, it will become a source for trading from central Asia to north Asia and other centuries through this way and that is way, it will become a source of revenue for Pakistan. The Govt. can collect tax on this road. It is also possible that the Govt. many give it on lease and get a lot of revenue.

These areas which were very near to the motorway have a they have better chance for transportation of goods and everything what they want. Motorway developed a lot areas. Now they also have a source of transportation.

The chances of industry will be increased. If chances of industry increased, opportunities of jobs will also be increased Motorway provides us a better transportation and we can journey easily due to this. Because of motorway, the Govt. can spread a network of industry. People can get more job opportunities. It would cause industrial development.

Motorway is a gateway to the progress of Pakistan. It will not be wrong to say that Pakistan will make progress by leaps and bounds. Now we are going to enter 21st century. It is very important for every country that she should make some plans for her development and enter into the new century with pride. Our motorway is also a part of our development. We want to get on the road of progress and prosperity.

In short, the motorway has a lot of positive aspects. It is the backbone of our country. It will prove with the passage of time that the role which it has played was very vital. No country can make progress untill the condition of her roads is better.



Sunday, 10 April 2016

Essay On The Problems Of The Underdeveloped Countries.

Some countries like the U.S.A., the U.S.S.R, and the U.K. and some other countries in Europe have developed a great deal due to the excellent use they made of scientific knowledge and technology. The U.K. during the 17th and the 18th centuries conquered new territories and used the huge raw materials at their disposal in those countries. The raw materials were taken by the British to their country. When it was possible for them to derive power from steam to drive huge machineries, they made use of these raw materials.

By exporting finished goods. England earned foreign exchange to considerable extent. During the nineteenth century. England and other countries of Europe were able to enrich themselves. They were able to raise the living standard of their people, devote scholars for research work, did social works. Thus they were able to be strong economically, politically' and socially'. The ruling countries became highly developed at the cost of the dependent countries.

Soon. there existed a gulf of difference between these developed countries and the undeveloped countries. For a time this relationship between the ruling country and the dependent country existed with no effective protect made by the latter. But during the last part of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th centun these countries became restive. The First Great War sounded a grave warning. The French Revolution of the 18th century had already awakened the common men.

The Second World War changed the very face of the world. The War ended with the emergence of the United nations Organisation. The world, after the cessation of hostilities, was a different world. The ruling nations found it difficult to control these countries any more and subjugate them. As a result, the people, of the Indo-Pak sub-continent won freedom. Many other countries followed suit.

As a result there arose the problem of the existence of these under-developed countries side by side with the highly developed countries, such a difference has been a case of danger for future wars. These countries remains dissatisfied and may be an easy prey to different-isms in the world. There may be a new association formed by these under-developed countries under the leadership and guidance of an ambitious part in the world. Soon another Great War may start.

Any war started now will destroy the world, as there will definitely be the use of the atom bombs. Apart from that, there cannot be any marked difference between one nation and another. We are now growing among us the spirit of oneness as belonging to one huge family of man. No country can think in terms of her own requirements only. Nation exists now to look after the national problems no doubt. But a nation has right to exist in relationship with other nations. There must exist among nations an international outlook. Without this international outlook no real peace can exist in the world.

The question now is. how to help these underdeveloped countries. The United Nations Organisation made effort to organise social works on world-footing. We have now the World Health Organisation. the United Nations Educational. scientific and Cultural Organisation, the United Nations International Children's Emergence Fund. An immense good is being done to help those countries that need them most. So. under the agencies of the World Organisation. already a good work is being done for the good of humanity specially for the people of the wider-developed countries.

 America and the U.S.S.R are also spending substantial help in the form of aide for the development of various sectors in the under developed countries. There may be an attempt to win sympathy on the side of the helping nation. But politics apart, the aids given by some countries materially prosperous, will certainly make these underdeveloped countries attain prosperity by and by. Pakistan is an under-developed country. The British had drawn on liberally the resources from this region. Still, the country has resources yet untapped.

With the foreign aid Pakistan is able to use her natural resources for the good of the country, thereby adding to the total happiness of the world. Many foreign expert are engaged to probe the existence of oil or mineral. Already. they have been able to trace the existence of oil. coal and natural gas. Had there been no such co¬operative spirit among some developed countries, there would have been no opportunity for an under-developed country like Pakistan to develop, depending on her natural resources. The under-developed countries should be helped under the care. of the United Nations Organisation.



In conclusion, we may say that there should be a united effort to help these under-developed countries in a systematic way; The existence of these countries is a cause of great concern for us all. There is every possibility of a world conflagration due to the existence of these under-developed countries. In these days of international relationship, there is every need for similar development of the lot of all the people in all the nations of the world. The common man is the person to be helped for the good of us all.

Essay On History of Pakistan And India


Essay On History of Pakistan And India

Relations with India to us are very important and in some respect they are most important to us. Relations between Pakistan and India are of such utmost importance as Mr. Masihur Rehman said, that war between India and Pakistan if it ever took place would be a war of special character, it would be a war which would inevitably affect the minorities in both the countries. It will affect 100 million Muslims of India and about 10 millions Hindus in Pakistan. So this can be the war of grave, the most devastating and the most barbaric war that man can face.

So far we have been able to hold our own despite overwhelming odds and difficulties. We have been able to hold our own, not because we are capable or efficient but because of the sacrifices made by the people of Pakistan to maintain a strong and viable Pakistan to face the Indian threat. In the ups and downs and the vicissitudes of cries we have had with India from 1947 onwards, the high water mark was reached during the Rann of Kutch dispute. This is the way sOmetimes history moves. It becomes uncontrollable; events get out of hand; events have their own dynamics. A time came when the whole Indian army was poised against the Frontiers of Pakistan and the Pakistan army had to take the counter-measures.

Those 10 mountain divisions which our Western allies had provided to India for the defence of India against Laddakh were poised against the plains of the Punjab. These very same 10 mountain divisions which we were told were meant for India's defence against the Chinese in Laddakh were poised against and were facing Pakistan. As a result a deadly and dangerous confrontation existed between India and Pakistan. Our position is that the Rann of Kutch upto the 24th parallel is disputed territory which covets about 3,500 square miles. According to us that is Pakistani territory and we have sufficient evidence and proof to establish that these 3,500 square miles from part of the territory of Pakistan. India.

on the other hand claims that the Rann of Kutch is a part of Gujrat state and it is Indian territory. That is why the dispute arose. We saw India gradually creeping into the disputed territory. So we had to take measures in our self defence. It was incumbent on us not because we wanted to go to war with India. but because we believe in the following lines.

"We do not attack. We do not fight.
But if anyone else
Dares show his might.
Drawing out our swords
And shouting "God is Great.-
We war and win.
We win and create;
A mighty world
Of Liberty of all
A mightier state
Of equality of all.
With the help of the Quran And Muhammad and almighty Mussalaman.

It goes without saying that war with India is most deplorable thing for any one to .visualize and contemplate. but certainly we could not allow India to settle the dispute by force. Our point of view has been that we should settle all our disputes by the peaceful means of negotiations. mediation, arbitration, by recourse to Article 33 of the United Nations Charter and by another peaceful means that is available to states. So, here we found India trying • to settle a problem by military means and we were compelled to take action in defence of our own territory. We took that action.

Pakistan. without Jammu and Kashmir is a body without a head. Pakistan has tried is best to settle this dispute peacefully. But India always goes against it. President Ayub said, Pakistan also wanted to live in peace with India in spite of Delhi's hostile attitude for the last 18 years. Instead of living as good neighbours the Indian leaders designed their internal and external policies so as to weaken Pakistan.

Pakistan desired peace with India in spite of outstanding disputes between the two countries, like Kashmir and eviction of Muslims from the Indian states bordering Bangladesh. But, he said. Pakistan would not be a friend of a country which would want to throttle her. Now, he said, with the increased military might of India. thanks to the help of Western Powers. Pakistan faces greater danger from India. The Rann of Kutch clash was just a demonstration of force by India.



The clash showed that India wanted to settle disputes through military means. This proved that she believed in military solution of dispute. In view of this aggressive policy of India. Pakistan will be facing a difficult situation and the nation should be fully prepared to face it. The president further added: "Let our friends remember that those who cannot protect their own honour can be of no use to their friends either.-

Essay On Pakistan And India Relationship

Relations with India to us are very important and in some respect they are most important to us. Relations between Pakistan and India are of such utmost importance as Mr. Masihur Rehman said, that war between India and Pakistan if it ever took place would be a war of special character, it would be a war which would inevitably affect the minorities in both the countries. It will affect 100 million Muslims of India and about 10 millions Hindus in Pakistan. So this can be the war of grave, the most devastating and the most barbaric war that man can face.

So far we have been able to hold our own despite overwhelming odds and difficulties. We have been able to hold our own, not because we are capable or efficient but because of the sacrifices made by the people of Pakistan to maintain a strong and viable Pakistan to face the Indian threat. In the ups and downs and the vicissitudes of cries we have had with India from 1947 onwards, the high water mark was reached during the Rann of Kutch dispute. This is the way sOmetimes history moves. It becomes uncontrollable; events get out of hand; events have their own dynamics. A time came when the whole Indian army was poised against the Frontiers of Pakistan and the Pakistan army had to take the counter-measures.

Those 10 mountain divisions which our Western allies had provided to India for the defence of India against Laddakh were poised against the plains of the Punjab. These very same 10 mountain divisions which we were told were meant for India's defence against the Chinese in Laddakh were poised against and were facing Pakistan. As a result a deadly and dangerous confrontation existed between India and Pakistan. Our position is that the Rann of Kutch upto the 24th parallel is disputed territory which covets about 3,500 square miles. According to us that is Pakistani territory and we have sufficient evidence and proof to establish that these 3,500 square miles from part of the territory of Pakistan. India.

on the other hand claims that the Rann of Kutch is a part of Gujrat state and it is Indian territory. That is why the dispute arose. We saw India gradually creeping into the disputed territory. So we had to take measures in our self defence. It was incumbent on us not because we wanted to go to war with India. but because we believe in the following lines.

"We do not attack. We do not fight.
But if anyone else
Dares show his might.
Drawing out our swords
And shouting "God is Great.-
We war and win.
We win and create;
A mighty world
Of Liberty of all
A mightier state
Of equality of all.
With the help of the Quran And Muhammad and almighty Mussalaman.

It goes without saying that war with India is most deplorable thing for any one to .visualize and contemplate. but certainly we could not allow India to settle the dispute by force. Our point of view has been that we should settle all our disputes by the peaceful means of negotiations. mediation, arbitration, by recourse to Article 33 of the United Nations Charter and by another peaceful means that is available to states. So, here we found India trying • to settle a problem by military means and we were compelled to take action in defence of our own territory. We took that action.

Pakistan. without Jammu and Kashmir is a body without a head. Pakistan has tried is best to settle this dispute peacefully. But India always goes against it. President Ayub said, Pakistan also wanted to live in peace with India in spite of Delhi's hostile attitude for the last 18 years. Instead of living as good neighbours the Indian leaders designed their internal and external policies so as to weaken Pakistan.

Pakistan desired peace with India in spite of outstanding disputes between the two countries, like Kashmir and eviction of Muslims from the Indian states bordering Bangladesh. But, he said. Pakistan would not be a friend of a country which would want to throttle her. Now, he said, with the increased military might of India. thanks to the help of Western Powers. Pakistan faces greater danger from India. The Rann of Kutch clash was just a demonstration of force by India.



The clash showed that India wanted to settle disputes through military means. This proved that she believed in military solution of dispute. In view of this aggressive policy of India. Pakistan will be facing a difficult situation and the nation should be fully prepared to face it. The president further added: "Let our friends remember that those who cannot protect their own honour can be of no use to their friends either.-

Essay On Politics,Education And Ethics

Essay On Politics And Ethics.

Democracy is not just confined to the political domain, but it pervades all spheres of society:. Ours is an age of democracy. Democracy as a form of government, characterised by elections and the installation of a "representative" government, is becoming a global phenomenon. The fall of the communist regimes in Eastern Europe and domestic and global changes in Latin Africa. Africa, and West Asia (the Middle East), have brought democracy to pleases and shores where it was undreamt of a few decades ago, giving people a taste of freedom.

The globalisation of democracy as a form of more legitimate representative government has not been accompanied by genuine efforts to tackle the problems of democracy. such as the lack of
equilibrium between equality and liberty, the dictatorship of the "falling from grace". In this context, democracy as a political process cannot absolve itself of the responsibility of enhancing what Mr. Amart) a Sen calls the "functioning and capability- of individuals.

The collapse of socialist economies has not vanished the problem of economic deprivation, and advocates of democracy have to support programmes of well-being which contribute to "human capital formation- rather than create perpetual dependency.

Democracy is not, strictly speaking, confined to the political dominate but it ought to pervade all spheres of society. A society consists of several institutions -- family. school, firm. university, the press, etc. It ma) very well be that while a society's polity may be governed by the formal procedure of democracy, its institutions may function in a very non-democratic manner, as these violently trample upon the dignity of its individual members.

Consider. for instance. Taylorism as an institution of supervision and management in the workplace. This institutions is based upon a taken-for-granted division between conception and execution and has created a caste system in the modern workplace between the workers and the managers. But the new technologies. which structure the workplace today. require a different kind of work organisation where workers and the managers have to be partners of innovation and competitive performance.

Similar is the predicament in the case of an institution like family. As women and children are taking their rights with pleasure and dignity, there is the challenge of giving an alternative institutional design to family which will fulfill the needs of a democratic personal order. The question here is not only democratising intimate relations, but also relaxing that the infrastructure of person a life is the foundation of a democratic social order. the challenge now is to realise that intimacy is democrac).

But democratisation of intimate relations requires a different striving, other than the one with which democracy has so far been familiar, namely the one of distribution of power. But the challenge before democracy. when we go out of the political system and enter the life world, is to participate in a new enfranchisement where the conflict is not only between different social groups but also between different kinds of desire -- conflict between want an individual perceives as a more desirable desire and a less desirable desire in one's life.

But a resolution of the conflict of desire cannot be solved in the ballot box. but in the reflective self of a person. It requires a distinction between attention and distraction in one's life.
In fact. as Robert Bellash and his colleagues argue in their provocative book. The Good Society, that only as a moral quest demoeracy can revitalise itself today. since it has taken itself to blind alley in the subsystems of money and power. As a moral quest. democracy is a mode of paying attention to the needs of others and the aspiration of the self.

The limits of politics as seizure of power. and the need for a moral revitalisation of the actors and institutions, is nowhere more prominent that in the case of the professional order of contemporary societies. The rise of complex system, as a consequence of revolution in science and technologies, have made professionals with expert knowledge. important in the functioning and governing of society. But the increasing significance of professionals in contemporary societies is not being accompanied by an institutional effort to arouse the moral consciousness in them, not to use their knowledge for enhancing power over those who do not know and make themselves servants of the "common good".

The distortion that professionalism introduces in the work of democratic polity, where policy elites are outside ':the effective control by the demos-, cannot be solved by power politics alone, and it requires a moral revitalisation of the self and the public sphere.

In our age of democracy, nations are heralding democracy at the very moment in which changes in the international order are compromising the possibility of an independent democratic nation state. Many of the problems that individuals within a polity are faced with. today. be it ecological disaster. terrorism, pollution or continued pauperisation defy solution at the nation-sate level, since those problems neither arise their nor are they confined t it. But the solution that democracy offers to day to the problems of global contingencies to the citizens, is. to say the least, outmoded and ineffective.



The challenges for transformation at the current euphoric moment of democratic transition is to move from democracy in the national state to democracy in the transnational sphere. But such a move requires a reflective moral self which is aware of the limits of nationalism, and the need for a transnational consciousness as the actor of politics and the protagonist of democracy.
Essay On Cowards Die Many Times, Before Their Death.This famous quotation occurs in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar. It is part of a speech by Caesar in reply to Calpurnia warning that he should not move out of doors as evil omens point to some danger to his life. Caesar refuses to be perturbed by the puretents and declares that death has no terror for him. He is able to rise above cowardice because he ignores the dangers that threaten him. The word -fear-, he says, does not exist in his vocabulary. He throws a challenge at death and refuses to be frightened by it. He could never have been a great soldier if he had stood in fear of death.

Caesar's attitude to death is, indeed, the right one. Death is a necessary and inevitable end to life. Nobody has ever conquered death. Death comes to all -- kings and beggars, rich and poor.
princes in their palaces and paupers in their huts. Death lays its icy hand upon all creatures without distinction or discrimination. Knowing the omnipotence of death, it is the height of folly for a man to tremble with fear at the thought of it. It shows an utter lack of spirit to turn pale at the mention of death. It is extreme cowardice to shrink from the dangers of life and mark of bravery to face them.

A coward lives in constant dread; his heart sinks at the prospect of death which is like a sword of Damocles hanging over his head. The outbreak of war, a riot, the tremors of an earthquake. the prospect of a famine or a flood--all these make the coward shudder with fear because he thinks that he will be the first target for these instruments of death.

He eyes his food with suspicion because there might be poison in it. If he stands on the sea-shore or a river¬bank a wave of fear sweeps over him at the idea of being accidentally drowned. As he walks along a road, he is over-careful not to step down the pavement lest he should be run over by an omnibus. He knows that death pounces upon a man suddenly and in a variety, of ways and therefore his life a continuous nightmare. Every time he hears that someone else has died, he secretly congratulates himself on his own escape.

Such is the mental outlook of a coward. Surely he suffers a thousand times more pain and agony at the imaginary prospect of death than by the event itself. For he meets his death many times in his imagination and endures all the horror connected with it. He even goes on to imagine the sufferings that are in store for him beyond the grave.

A brave man, on the country, maintains an attitude of defence towards death. He realises the fact that death must come sooner or later and that it is no use denying this fact. For death is an essential part of the scheme of things; this venture of clay. this gross flesh must some day become a cold, insensitive and lifeless stock. It is therefore vain to pity oneself at the thought of death. Besides. with courage and resolution one may well evade death many times.

So these two lines from Shakespeare contain a profound lesson. Death is not a frightful monster; it is only a natural and necessary consummation of life. It is true that premature death is often tragic and that it is the prospect of dying before the time strikes terror into the hearts of most people. But if one is to die prematurely. no complaining or self-pity can alter the fact.

No one can foresee accidents, epidemics and other forms of sudden death. It is therefore meaningless to go about in perpetual fear of the evils that might happen. Surely it is wiser to preserve an attitude of tranquillity and serenity in the face of both good and evil.

Essay On The Face As An Index Of Character

Essay On The Face As An Index Of Character.A man's face, if we can read it aright, is generally and index to his character. We can tell what sort of man he is by the expression of his countenance, as we can tell the species of a shell-fish by its shell; for , as a shell-fish secretes its shell, so the soul secretes its physical face. It is we ourselves who make our faces and we make them gradually and unconsciously to express our inner character. Character is simply the sum total of confirmed habits; and as a habit is formed, it slowly writes its characteristic marks on the face, and gives its own look to the eyes.

It is harder to read character in the faces of young unformed children than in the faces of grown up men and women, though one can often detect meanness or frankness even in the face of a child; but the older people get, and the more fixed their habits, the easier it becomes to tell what sort of people they are,
from their faces.

Certain kinds of faces almost anyone can read. The character is written in capitals on the face. You cannot mistake the red and bloated face of the drunkard, the pride in the face of the arrogant, the crafty look in the eyes of the sneak. But it takes as trained and careful observer to read some faces, for some clever
people can make their faces like makes to hide their real selves.

The word" hypocrite- Literally means actor; and as an actor can make up his face so as to appear on the stage a different person, so can a hypocrite. A false-hearted man may have an apparently frank and open face; a cruel man may wear a deceptively kindly smile; a rogue may look very honest at first sight.

As Hamlet says, " A man may smile and smile, and be a villain." I remember once being introduced to an old gentleman of most benign aspect, who appeared to be a benevolent and almost saintly old man; yet I knew he had been guilty of several ruthless and deliberate crimes!



But there is always something in the face that will betray such hypocrites to an acute observer; especially in the most expressive features, the eyes and the mouth. A look in the eyes, the way in which he shapes his mouth, may betray the hidden meanness, cruelty, craftiness or selfishness that lurk behind the friendly smile and the frank look. Certain it is that dishonesty, lust and cruelty, honesty, purity and kindness, all leave indelible marks on the face.