RSS
Umar Khaleeq on Facebook
Umar Khaleeq on Twitter

Saturday, 24 December 2016

Essay on Science and the Human Happiness

Science is knowledge about everything which is living or non-living in the universe. It is a collection of some facts, principles and laws which help to understand the forces of nature, the productivity of different things and the wonders of inventions. Everything which is constructed by using the material of natural resources and energy according to some known rules and laws is called Technology. Modern inventions of science are different forms of Technologies.

The knowledge of science has helped the man to discover the secrets of nature. These secrets have been revealed by the scientists in forms of laws, principles and facts. The knowledge about the laws, principles and facts has been provided the base for different inventions which are now being used all over the world. The value of science has been increased due to its wonderful inventions. All the latest inventions of science have made man their slave. The uses of knowledge of science are looking in the productivity of different technologies on which the human life can be made more comfortable and easy.

The knowledge of science is used to understand the nature of plant and animal life. This structural and functional knowledge has made the man to discover the cure of many diseases by using the medicine or surgery. The latest inventions of science and the applications of the knowledge of science on life are collectively called as the wonders of science and now it is being understood that science is necessary for human happiness because its inventions provide happiness and comfort.

Some inventions of science which are known by everyone are following.
  1. Telephone and internet
  2. Mobile Phones
  3. Aeroplanes and Airships
  4. Radio, Television and Tape Recorders
  5. VCR, VCD and DVD Players
  6. Motor vehicles and ships
  7. Microwave Ovens
  8. Vacuum Cleaners
  9. Different kinds of machines
Due to the blessings of science we can fly in air, travel on the surface of land, move inside water and do many works at homes or offices or everywhere with great comfort. The knowledge of science is also used in preparing many devastating and dangerous things which are being applied for killing and destruction. Some devastating inventions of science are following.
  1. Kalashnikov
  2. Atom Bomb
  3. Hydrogen Bomb
  4. Suicide Bomb
  5. Distant Marking Missiles
  6. Nuclear Weapons
The dangerous inventions are being used for killing each other and for the destruction of mankind. Science has become a curse due to its dangerous technologies. Due to the modern inventions of science the meaning of happiness has been changed, now the happiness is searched in materialistic production of science. Everybody is running after money so that they can buy latest inventions. Man has become lazy due to much comfort in life. Mobile Phones, Computers and internet are being used in crimes. Immoral and nude movies are being shown through satellite and cable network. So modern scientific progress is not an unquestioned blessing It has advantages as well as disadvantages.

Essay on The Importance of Peace in the World

The state of freedom from war or violence is called "Peace". It is the state which can make this world like a heaven. The importance of peace in the world can be described by short comparison of war and peace.
  1. War is destructive, peace is constructive.
  2. War destroys, peace preserves.
  3. War calls in beast in man, peace makes man civilized.
  4. War creates hate, peace promotes love and friendship.
  5. War causes bloodshed, peace brings progress and prosperity.
People long for peace and raise their hands in prayers. The victories of peace are no less than the victories of war. In the first place, peace is indispensable for human progress. All the mighty inventions of science and the creations of art are the victories of peace. Peace gives us the message of universal brotherhood and friendship. Humanity cannot survive without love and peace.

Islam is a religion of peace. It gives clear ideas and the best reforming laws about social and political systems. The great purpose of Islam is to produce an everlasting state of peace in the world. Islam gives also very clear ideas about the peaceful individual life. Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him) showed practically the examples of peace. He always prayed for his enemies. After the conquest of Makkah, he forgave all his enemies and tried to create a peaceful atmosphere there. He established a harmonious society in Madina. Islam teaches the lessons of mutual respect but it also gives lessons to fight against the evils and to establish the state of peace after making struggle, war and efforts.

Is war necessary for peace? it is a very difficult question to answer. Before answering it man must see it ins and outs. If war is necessary, it is a necessary evil. Its evil is sometimes concealed for a time by its glamour and excitement, but when war is seen in its reality, there is a very little glory about it. At its best, it is a hideous calamity in the great wars, millions of men, women and children were killed, or died of disease, famine and untold sufferings.

After the event of 11th September, and the destruction of the World Trade Center in the United States of America, war to win peace has become more expeditious. The American establishment has tried to interfere the politics of the countries which are considered as working to use their energies for warfare. The destruction and killing in Afghanistan and Iraq is the part of war to win peace. The American establishment calls their struggle is for the end of nuclear trend in the world but it is making the exploitation of human rights. The war to win peace is actually a devilish plot to destroy the power of those who are trying to get their basic rights.

War is not necessary to win the peace. The peace can be established by showing great moral values and by providing the equal rights for everyone. So the world could be made a peaceful and happy place. Islam teaches the lessons of peace and tolerance. Islam is the religion with the greatest ideas about human rights. It gives a complete description of duties and rights. It gives the teaching of mutual respect and it provides all such qualities, if they are implemented rightly than no war is needed to establish the peace in the world.

Essay on The Value of Discipline

"Unity, Faith and Discipline" these are the three words Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave us. Unity is a great force. A united house is a strong force. We know the, story of the dying old man who gave the lesson of unity to his Sons with the help of a number of sticks. “Faith” means firm believe, the Muslim have their strong faith in Allah. They believe the supremacy of Allah and their faith provides them a power which leads them towards the unity.

Discipline means to pass life in a well organised manner. Discipline is necessary in every field of life. It is a system of commands and performance of work, regularity and compliance or orders. There are following kinds of discipline.

  • External Discipline
  • Internal Discipline
  • Social Discipline

The external discipline is always enforced by competent authority. Internal discipline is according to internal needs, capacities and temperaments of the individuals. It creates the sense of responsibility and help perform honestly. Social discipline means to lead a successful life by acting upon social values and traditions.
The value and importance of discipline can be described as following.

  • it attracts the individuals towards constructive and positive activities.
  • It helps in making good educational system.
  • It creates self confidence among people.
  • It produces the sense of responsibility.
  • It trains people to respect law arid cultural tradition.

On considering the above points, it is cleared that faith is the basic need which produces religious bent of mind. Unity creates a power which builds a nation while discipline creates system for making a good society. So unity, faith and discipline should become a part of the life of every person.

Wednesday, 7 December 2016

Essay on Neighbours Good or Bad

Some people have had neighbors; most have indifferent neighbors, while a few others have good neighbors. We are among the remaining few who are fortunate to have a noble family living on one side of them and equally unfortunate to be plagued with a set of mean people on the other.

There are three boys and two girls in the family living on the left hand, side of our house. They go to the same school as my own brother and sisters. They seldom quarrel among themselves or with others. Their father is a merchant while their mother is a housewife.

Their parents treat us just like their own children. Whenever their mother prepares a special dish, we are sure to get a share of it. Their father is even kinder. His pockets are always full of chocolates and other sweets. These are given to any child who greets him politely. We often address him as 'Uncle Chocolate.' Much as our parents love us, we like to be in our neighbor’s house more than in our own. My youngest sister, one day, asked my mother. Mummy why don't we all go and live in Uncle Chocolate's houses This was a genuine expression of the love we have for our good neighbors.

The neighbors living on the right of our house are different we don't like them at all. The owner has a number of wives. I do not think any of their numerous children goes to school. Our parents have strictly forbidden us to mix with them. If ever we happen to go near them, we are sure to be abused, even hit. Having heard their mothers making fluent use of vulgar words, they have added a lot of indecent words to their own vocabulary.

The women in the house are always quarreling amongst themselves. Often these domestic quarrels end in blows and shoe fighting. Like most other women, they are quick to make peace after a quarrel. But they cannot keep the peace for long.

Whenever they clean their deposit the dirt and dust so gathered, in front of our house generally, our mother ignores this meanness, but, if ever she protests, the whole army of them come out to fight. It is only on such occasions that they are really united.

The husband is a notorious gambler and drunkard. He is seldom at home, but, whenever he is, he beats up his wives and children unreasonably and mercilessly.
Sometimes we think of moving into some other house in the town, but our love for 'Uncle Chocolate' is too strong to let us do so.

Essay on Place and Status of Women in Islam

Islam gives great laws about social system, In Islamic rules, the rights of individuals are kept in first place. The Quran declares that the best act is good treatment to women. According to Quran and the sayings of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), the status and the rights of women are cleared.

  • And the believers, men and women are protecting friends. (Surah Toba)
  • The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) says ‘God commandeth you treat women well, for they are your mother, daughters, sisters and aunts.”
  • Allah says in the Holy Quran, ‘This is the duty of every Muslim man and woman to acquire knowledge and educate.”


Woman in Islam is highly respected as wife, mother, daughter and sister. Before Islam, birth of a female child was highly resented and repented. They were burned alive. In fact it is Islam that has presented the idea of women’s honour and rights. To secure strong economic position for them, Islam has given full property rights to women. Islam has given all the social rights to women like freedom, choice of partner, good education and inheritance.

Education is equally important for both boys and girls. Basically education is a universal need, rather right of every citizen, Education is an equal right of women. Girls are said to be the light of home. If they are educated, they will carry the light wherever they go. If the women are educated, they can prove themselves as better mothers and wives. They can educate the children and have great influence on them. They can teach them the respect for the superiors, the teachers arid the taws of country. We should pray to God that a time will come when everyone without the difference of sexes learn the advantage of education.

In limitation of the west, our women too have demanded equal rights with men in every field of life and are even trying to adopt the fashions of men. They want equal seats in assemblies, equal number of posts in the government service, equal chance of freedom and movement and even equal rights in domestic life. Many of them shun the responsibilities of motherhood and prefer to remain unmarried. They are working in factories, offices and even in the army. Thus the whole Eastern concept of "Womanhood" being revolutionized and the new ideas are being represented to us is the name of and civilization, Islam recognizes the equality of the two sexes fully well hut equality should not be understood to mean the tasks of the two sexes are alike.

After the final examination, there are three responsibilities in case of girl students to study further, to stay at home or to launch out into a career. The girls who want to adopt a career, many avenues are open. Advertising Is a field that can appeal to girls with Imagination. There are unlimited opportunities for commercial girl artist in this field. For the girls with a passion for books, a library would be the Ideal place to work, Basic training I required but the pay is very handsome, of a girl has the ability to put down her thoughts in words, journalism can prove a rewarding career, For science students who want to make their use of their knowledge, research would be good Idea. Laboratories and research institutions welcome them.

There are many other professions open for girls. They can become hostesses in some airlines. They can work as Family Planning Officers. They can serve in the field of Insurance as Field Officers.

Essay on Science is a Blessing or Curse

Science is knowledge about everything which is living or non-living in the universe. It is a collection of some facts, principles and laws which help to understand the forces of nature, the productivity of different things and the wonders of inventions. Everything which is constructed by using the material of natural resources and energy according to some known rules and laws is called Technology. Modern inventions of science are different forms of Technologies.

The knowledge of science has helped the man to discover the secrets of nature. These secrets have been revealed by the scientists in forms of laws, principles and facts. The knowledge about the laws, principles and facts has been provided the base for different inventions which are now being used all over the world. The value of science has been increased due to its wonderful inventions. All the latest inventions of science have made man their slave. The uses of knowledge of science are looking in the productivity of different technologies on which the human life can be made more comfortable and easy.

The knowledge of science is used to understand the nature of plant and animal life. This structural and functional knowledge has made the man to discover the cure of many diseases by using the medicine or surgery. The latest inventions of science and the applications of the knowledge of science on life are collectively called as the wonders of science and now it is being understood that science is necessary for human happiness because its inventions provide happiness and comfort.

Some inventions of science which are known by everyone are following.

  • Telephone and internet
  • Mobile Phones
  • Aeroplanes and Airships
  • Radio, Television and Tape Recorders
  • VCR, VCD and DVD Players
  • Motor vehicles and ships
  • Microwave Ovens
  • Vacuum Cleaners
  • Different kinds of machines

Due to the blessings of science we can fly in air, travel on the surface of land, move inside water and do many works at homes or offices or everywhere with great comfort. The knowledge of science is also used in preparing many devastating and dangerous things which are being applied for killing and destruction. Some devastating inventions of science are following.

  • Kalashnikov
  • Atom Bomb
  • Hydrogen Bomb
  • Suicide Bomb
  • Distant Marking Missiles
  • Nuclear Weapons


The dangerous inventions are being used for killing each other and for the destruction of mankind. Science has become a curse due to its dangerous technologies. Due to the modern inventions of science the meaning of happiness has been changed, now the happiness is searched in materialistic production of science. Everybody is running after money so that they can buy latest inventions. Man has become lazy due to much comfort in life. Mobile Phones, Computers and internet are being used in crimes. Immoral and nude movies are being shown through satellite and cable network. So modern scientific progress is not an unquestioned blessing It has advantages as well as disadvantages.

Essay on How I Spend My Pocket Money

There are very a few parents who really understand the value of pocket money to their children. Some parents think that the pocket money is necessary so that a child may not go hungry at the time of the day other thinks' that it keeps children from stealing. But the real purpose of pocket money is to train the young people in the very important art of saving and spending.

Some children get a little pocket money daily their parents do not trust them with a large sum, fearing that they may lose or miss-spend it. But my parents do not treat me so shabbily they know very well that I can take care of my money as well as anybody else. I get Rs. 10.00 a month for my pocket money.

On the first day of every month, as soon as I receive9 my pocket money, I rush to the post office with my savings account book. I deposit Rs. 2.00 into my account. To date, Rs. 120,000 stands of my credit. Formerly, I put into my account only whatever amount to of money I had saved by the end of the month but often I had nothing left by that time. Experience has already taught me that a man of limited income has to force himself to save a little for an emergency otherwise he will have to borrow.

I go to the pictures only once in a while, Usually, I go to a cheap matinee on Saturday, or Sunday but if, on a particular weekend, there is not a good film being shown as a cheap matinee. I stay at home. I prefer going to a cheap matinee not only because it is cheaper than a first-run film, but also because, at a cheap matinee, I can occupy a better seat for less money than at an ordinary show. I visit our school canteen almost daily but I never do so more than once a day as most of schoolmates does. I do not spend lavishly at, the canteen. For after all, I do not go there for a meal. The proper place for meals is the home, and it is good to eat a meal only at its fixed time, I go to the canteen for refreshments only, and I never buy any food or drink that I cannot pay for easily. If, on a certain day, I do not feel particularly thirsty or hungry, I do not visit the canteen at all. I make a point of never buying on credit or, borrowing money from my friends in the school or outside. Nor do I lend money to others'. 'If I can afford it, I do give a little to charity.

Whatever money I have not spent by the end of the month goes to my library fund. If the book I want to buy costs mere than the amount I have in hand, I wait for a month or so more, until I have saved the necessary amount. If it is necessary to buy the book at once, I borrow the balance from my mother, and return it to her in a few easy installments.

Essay on How I Pass My Sunday Holiday

On Sunday, I get up early in the morning and go out for a walk in the country. On returning from the walk, I have my breakfast, take my books and shut myself up in a remote corner of the house. I revised my lessons very Sunday.

My brothers and sisters do not appreciate my habit of poring over books on Sunday, and often make it a point to disturb my studies. My mother, also, is of their opinion and often advises me to go out and play for a time and let examination take care of them. My younger brothers and sisters, particularly, enjoy my self-imposed imprisonment. They keep on annoying me by peeping through the window panes, or through the keyholes in the doors of my study. My father is the only person in the family, who understands my point of view, but he is not often at home.

Sometimes, a few visitors come to visit us. Most of them are office workers like my elder brother and sisters. To them Sunday is a day for rest, playing cards, and paying visits. For one reason or another, some of them knock at my door. I have, willingly or unwillingly, to receive them. Luckily for me, these visitors nearly always arrive about lunch time, and are called into the dining room as soon as the meal is ready. I go on with my work, for this is the only time in the day when I can have to peace and quiet necessary for doing my lessons.I always have my lunch after all the other has returned to the drawing room for the post-lunch game of cards.

While this is going on, I leave for the park near my house. At this time of the day, I hardly meet my pleasures seekers there. I spread a mat under a shady tree, and sit there absorbed in my studies. When I am tired of sitting on the mat, I climb up a tree for a change. I perch comfortably on a branch and continue reading aloud or in silence, as I please. I leave the park at 5pm when crowds of visitor begin to arrive there.

At home, I find the dinner ready after dinner. I dress up properly and, accompanied by my brothers and sisters, go out for a walk or to the pictures. On returning home, I revise my lesson for another hour or so. I go to bed before 10pm.

Essay on How Tourism Can Be Developed

It is agreed on all hands that tourism is beneficial to the countries visited by foreign travelers. It helps earn foreign exchange. Many people find employment because of it. It also enables the country to be better known abroad. Let us consider what measures may be taken to 'develop the tourist trade of a country.

A tourist's first concern is accommodation. It should be decent, easily available, and, though not all tourist care for this, cheap. It is necessary therefore to put up hotels and inns at all places likely to be visited by tourists. These hotels should be of internationally approved standards and so should be the services supplied by them.

His next concern is transport. Very few tourists, is any, bring along their own transport. They need fast, comfortable, and reliable means of transport. Buses, taxis, and trains should all, be available. They should be Well kept and available whenever they are necessary or at a fairly short notice. In hot countries, it may be necessary to provide air-conditioned coaches, taxi, and buses for the tourists. As this may be very expensive to do, the governments themselves should maintain such vehicles or subsidies their maintenance by travel agencies.

The tourist usually come to see sights, so stay at health resorts, or to pursue further studies. Pamphlets and hand-outs listing such facilities should be brought out and distributed in foreign countries through the diplomatic mission abroad. The national tourist organization should take whatever other measures they can take to advertise the places of tourist' interest in their countries. This could be done by means of short documentary films displayed abroad or through advertisement in newspapers' and magazines having international readership. Historical monuments should be kept in proper repair and all possible information about them including view-cards, etc. should be available on site for the visitor to read, see, or buy.

But it is people that can attract tourist most of all. Taxi drivers, for example can create such good impression on the tourist they carry about that the tourist will go home and plead with their compatriots to visit the country concerned. Poor services rendered will only lead to fewer tourists arriving in future. The 'prices of goods in the shops patronized by tourists and the behaviour of shopkeeper, salesmen and saleswomen are equally important factors in the development of tourists trade. Availability of fully qualified guides who know the language of group they are taking round is important, too. The customs and immigration authorities at the sea-ports or airports can annoy or please tourist. Hoteliers and their employees too can give the tourists good time they deserve.

And much more important than all these people are the common people. They do no direct business with tourists. But they must remember that these people are paying guests who add immensely to the national wealth of their countries. Tourism should not be the concern only of the people who directly deal with tourists but of everybody in the country. Its importance should be brought to the notice of everybody.

Sunday, 27 November 2016

Essay on The Need of English for Science Students

The importance of English cannot be ignored. It has become the international medium of communication because before World War II, the English People dominated the world and after World War II the Americans, who also speak English, dominate the world. But the importance of English in Pakistan is far greater than in other countries. To speak English is considered by people as something very superior and those who speak English consider themselves to be more cultured. Using English wards in daily Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi and Pakhtoon conversations has become the fashion and all persons using these words foci proud of this. Under these circumstances, when the entire nation has become mental slave of her former masters, the importance of English cannot be ignored.

Another important reason for adopting English as medium of instruction is that we do not have books on scientific and technical subjects in Urdu or provincial dialects and those available arc substandard as far matter is concerned. Under these circumstances we have no option but to learn English and continue to keep English as medium of instruction in our country, those who are learned and considered authorities on their subjects do not bother to write books in Urdu. They feel that they can better express their thoughts in English.

Students in general and science students in particular have no option but to learn English in colleges and universities they are given lectures in English Standard books on all subjects are available in English. The research materials are available in English. In examinations they must answer in English And believe me, the students up to intermediate level feel that they will get better marks if they submit their answer in English.

There is another important reason for learning English and continuing keep it as medium of instruction. Though Urdu has been declared as national language, English is used everywhere. The government files arc maintained in English and all official correspondence is done in English. In banks, insurance companies, factories and other offices English is used. In courts the medium of expression is English. Traders prefer to advertise in English and even the Pakistan television gives the schedule of its daily programme in English. Such being the importance’s given to English why should the students not learn English.

Our postgraduate students need to go to America or England for further studies and for doctorate. These countries do not give educational visas to those who are not able to pass the language examinations conducted by them. In our own countries we lack the research facilities which are available there. We must, therefore, continue to learn English and to keep English as a medium of instruction.

For our scientists, technicians, engineers and experts English will be always needed to keep in touch with the scientific and technical developments taking place abroad. Our own national language is not going to have such books for decades to conic and if we do not learn English we will remain ignorant or lag behind in the race for technical knowledge. One important thing must not be ignored. Due to fast developing regional prejudices and hatreds, it is only English that can provide the best link between people of all regions and us such English should be continued as medium of instruction and must he made compulsory from primary level.

Monday, 24 October 2016

Essay on Advertising Good or Bad

The purpose of advertising is to promote the sale of commodity or to spread or contradict an idea. In ancient times public criers carried out advertising. The printing press was invented in the 15th century. Since then printed advertisement have been common during the first half of this century three more media of public information and amusement came into being. These are cinema, radio, and television Newspapers, magazines, pamphlets and handbills carry written information to their readers. Radio employs sound. Cinema and television appeal to the ear' as well as 'to the eye. All these media have proved to be extremely effective means of promoting sales or spreading ideas.
Some people feel that advertising increases the prices of commodities advertised.

Writers are employed to write out slogans and scripts for advertisements. Artists and actors are involved in the preparation of film-reels and filmstrips. The scripts are published in newspapers and magazines and spoken over the commercial radio net-works. The films are shown in cinema-halls and on the commercial television network. All these persons and organizations have to pay for their services. The money paid to them will no doubt be added to the total costs of production before the sale prices are fixed. But it is overlooked that by increasing the demand for a commodity, advertising makes it possible to produce the commodity in a very large quantity. Thus the cost of production per unit is lowered, and so does the sale price.

Another complaint generally heard against advertising is that it leaves the people no choice in purchasing the goods they need. Having heard and read of a commodity again and again they tend to ignore other commodities even if they are better. This charge should be true if all newspapers and other advertising media in any country belonged to one particular party and that party did not allow any goods other than its own to be advertised through them. So long as all manufacturers of goods are free to advertise their commodities, there is no fear of anybody monopolizing the market merely by advertising his goods Further, it should be appreciated that the consumers do understand the tricks employed by advertisers. They cannot be misled so easily as some people think.

Advertising makes our daily newspapers and periodicals cheaper for us. But for the income from advertisements, no newspapers would cost a mere 15 cents to their readers. Similarly the quality of radio broadcasts and television programs owes itself to advertising. To make advertising effective, as many people as possible must be attracted to listen or view these programs, as the case may be. Therefore they have to be of a high quality.

Advertising is useful to all concerned but if there is any fear of its miss-leading the consumers they should form their own association, which through daily or weekly publications, should give objective information on all goods of daily consumption.

Short Essay on Vocational Education

We have inherited our present educational system from our former masters, who needed only clerks and produced them. The result of following the same system after our masters have gone, continues to produce clerks who are now not needed in such a number. Consequently, we are faced with the acute problem of unemployment’s and to provide employment to all these graduates and post graduate is impossible. That is why in every house one or more unemployed graduates can be found. This unemployment is to be get crimes and hence the lawlessness and crimes are on the increase.
It is high time that the recognition to the need of vocational education is given. If started in earnest from school level and continued up to university, the problem of unemployment may be solved to a great extent and those who do riot get job may become self employed.

Our country is in the process of development. Industrialization of the country demands skilled labour, craftsmen, technicians and engineers. To meet the future demand the ministry of education should chalk out a programme to introduce vocational education at the school level.

It is sad that in the presence of polytechnic institutes, vocational education is not considered necessary at school level. But the fact is that these polytechnic institutes arc wasting energy and money. The teachers are mostly those who have passed examination of Diploma Associate They conic in the class and dictate notes from their notebooks which most of the students are unable to follow.

The practical side remains almost nil. In institute where there arc machines for practical work, they are never used and gel rusted. In the examine the students resort to copying from their notes and pass the examination with flying colours. In the practical examination, the examiner is himself ignorant so all the students arc asked oral questions. The result is that those who gel the diploma in a trade remain as ignorant and raw as they were at the time of admission.
What has been said above is no conjecture but is fact. In my family there are many such diploma holders and all of them know nothing about their trades. The government should review the scheme and arrange to provide able and experienced teachers in polytechnic institutes and should arrange for thorough practical training.

For practical training the students should be sent to factories, mills and works hops etc. Arrangements for practical training of these students may be made with those factories, mills and workshops and an expert of the trade is deputed to take their practical examination.

It is regrettable that industrialists in Pakistan prefer uneducated and untrained persons to those who are educated. This is because they have to pay less salary to these untrained and uneducated men. I know a man who was a first class Diploma Holder in electricity. He was employed as a labour in a mill on daily wages.

This tendency of not recognizing the need of trained technical hands, only with a view to saving money and becoming richer and richer is also a cause of discouragement to the boys to take technical education.

In nearly all the countries, technical education is given due importance. They have an elaborate scheme to get their students trained thoroughly. They also send their brilliant students abroad for specialized training.

Sunday, 21 August 2016

Essay on Olympic Games Good or Bad

It cannot be denied that the Olympic Games have contributed tremendously to physical fitness and sportsmanship of young people throughout the world. To be chosen to represent his nation, an athlete or player hast to compete at many levels-towns, district, state, and national. In every one of these meet hundreds and thousands of athletes and players take part.

The athletes and players taking part in the Olympic Games are not housed in hotels or private homes. They stay together at an e3pecially-erected 'Olympic Village'. Here they mix freely for as long as sixteen days. The number of contestants has risen steadily since the first games held in 1896. Then 285 contestants, none of them women, represented 13 countries in Athens. At the 1960 Rome Olympic there were 5,902 contestants, including 651 women, from 83 countries. Thus the Olympic Games are capable of creating international good will and understanding even better than the United Nations organization.

Sadly enough, it is true that international rivalries do exist at Olympic Villages. The contacts between the athletes from nations normally opposed to each other are artificial, if not absent altogether. The organizations don't recognize international competition or award any points to any nation.

Athletes and teams win or lose individually and not as representatives of their nation. Yet some contestants feel so strongly about their national prestige that they adopt all unfair means to win their events. One has only to watch a hockey match between India and Pakistan to be convinced that international jealousy is very much there at the Olympic Games. The Olympic Games have in recent years become the venues of defection of athletes from certain other countries.
Though the games are considered to be independent of all governmental control, in effect they are not so. The national Olympic organization of every country depends on its governments have very effectively interfered with the conduct of the games.

Another point against the Olympic Games is that they expose the poverty of certain nations. If, they cannot afford to take part in the Games, cannot afford to send in a large contingent, or cannot host the Games if invited to do so, the radio and the press all over the world harp on their poverty. Often, these nations, merely for the sake of prestige, have to spend money, on financing the trips of their sportsmen, though it is needed much more urgently at home.

Thus, it will be seen, the Olympic Games are good if they are conducted in the proper spirit of sports. But as mere means of political display they will not only lead to waste of funds, but will harm the understanding and goodwill already existing between nations.

Essay on My Best friend

A real friend is hard to find. In fact every body who shakes hands with me or courts me with a smile or an embrace is not a friend in the real sense. He may be merely an acquaintance or sonic thing more. To be a friend there must be present some essential qualities in a person. He must be selfless, sincere and loving. He must never desert his friends under odd circumstances and must be ready to help his friend through thick and thin. He must be very frank and always ready to tell his friend the defects he has.

I am very fortunate to have a real friend at the school. Lean, tall and active, he has a lovely personality and charming manners. He is of my age and the son of a petty shopkeeper. His name is iftikhar. He lives in a modest house not far away from my home.

I have been knowing lftikhar since I was a boy. We had played together as small boys and have begun to like each other since. As fortune may have it we were admitted in the same school and the same class. Known as he was already to me. We cultivated liking for each other and soon became much attached.

Sober, good looking, and energetic, Iftikhar is a little taller than I. He has bright black eyes and a beautifully shaped nose. He is as attractive in his manners as in his appearance. Everyone who meets him desires to make him his friend.

lftikhar is sincere honest and faithful. Always, with a smile on his face and with a charm in his speech, he is ready to help me, to console me, to guide me and to show me the right path. I can never forget those days when I was bedridden due to jaundice and it was he who sat by my bed in a chair talking to me, consoling me, and nursing me. He refused to go home during the days I was ill. His presence was a source of great consolation and hope.

Intelligent, resolute and diligent as lftikhar is, he is one of the most brilliant students of my class. He studies for hours every day and urges me to study with him. He is very good at English and mathematics and helps me a lot in my studies. In fact, it is through his efforts that I have also become a good student.

One of the things, I love Iftikhar for, is his concern for me. If I do some thing wrong he points it out frankly. If I am ever seen with a bad boy, lftikhar takes it seriously and refuses to talk to mc unless I promise not to mix with notorious boys.

Iftikhar is neither proud of his knowledge nor ashamed of his poverty. Poverty, to him, is an outstanding characteristic of the House of our Holy Prophet. He is determined to be a self made man. He is religious and never misses a single prayer even in cold weather. He helps his father in his small business and takes care of his younger brother and sisters. He, sometimes, helps his mother in domestic work. And as far as I am concerned, I wonder what would have become of me without him.

Essay on My Ideal friend

A real friend is hard to find. In fact every body who shakes hands with me or courts me with a smile or an embrace is not a friend in the real sense. He may be merely an acquaintance or sonic thing more. To be a friend there must be present some essential qualities in a person. He must be selfless, sincere and loving. He must never desert his friends under odd circumstances and must be ready to help his friend through thick and thin. He must be very frank and always ready to tell his friend the defects he has.

I am very fortunate to have a real friend at the school. Lean, tall and active, he has a lovely personality and charming manners. He is of my age and the son of a petty shopkeeper. His name is iftikhar. He lives in a modest house not far away from my home.

I have been knowing lftikhar since I was a boy. We had played together as small boys and have begun to like each other since. As fortune may have it we were admitted in the same school and the same class. Known as he was already to me. We cultivated liking for each other and soon became much attached.

Sober, good looking, and energetic, Iftikhar is a little taller than I. He has bright black eyes and a beautifully shaped nose. He is as attractive in his manners as in his appearance. Everyone who meets him desires to make him his friend.

lftikhar is sincere honest and faithful. Always, with a smile on his face and with a charm in his speech, he is ready to help me, to console me, to guide me and to show me the right path. I can never forget those days when I was bedridden due to jaundice and it was he who sat by my bed in a chair talking to me, consoling me, and nursing me. He refused to go home during the days I was ill. His presence was a source of great consolation and hope.

Intelligent, resolute and diligent as lftikhar is, he is one of the most brilliant students of my class. He studies for hours every day and urges me to study with him. He is very good at English and mathematics and helps me a lot in my studies. In fact, it is through his efforts that I have also become a good student.

One of the things, I love Iftikhar for, is his concern for me. If I do some thing wrong he points it out frankly. If I am ever seen with a bad boy, lftikhar takes it seriously and refuses to talk to mc unless I promise not to mix with notorious boys.

Iftikhar is neither proud of his knowledge nor ashamed of his poverty. Poverty, to him, is an outstanding characteristic of the House of our Holy Prophet. He is determined to be a self made man. He is religious and never misses a single prayer even in cold weather. He helps his father in his small business and takes care of his younger brother and sisters. He, sometimes, helps his mother in domestic work. And as far as I am concerned, I wonder what would have become of me without him.

Essay on Importance of Games

Games have been important to man since the days of yore. Sumerians, Babylonians an Ninevelians took parts in different games and sports and held competitions. Spartans, Romans and Greeks gave much attention to their physical beauty which they tried to attain through games and sports. Greeks held Olympic games every fourth years.

Nature realizes the importance of games, sports and physical activities. From the beginning a child takes interest in games and likes to play all the time naturally. The instinct of play is very active from the very beginning in man, animals and birds. We see the off springs of all animals and birds engaged in sportive activities and playing with each other. Thus, Nature wants us to realize the importance of games.

Games make us physically stronger and tougher. They develop our stamina and improve the lung and heart capacities and working. The heart muscles develop and become capable of pumping more blood with greater force at a time to cater the needs of our body cells more efficiently with the result that number of pumping per minute decreases and the heart gets more rest.

Games teach us social behaviours. We learn to respect rules and laws. We learn to submit to authorities. We learn to cooperate. We learn the principle of give and take. We learn to control our sentiments, reactions, and anger.

We learn to behave amicably. We learn how to compete fairly and how to try to achieve our goals honestly. We learn to realize our mistakes and correct them. We learn to pardon others for their faults. We learn the value of team work. We learn to face adversity. We cultivate the qualities of endurance, fortitude and tolerance. We get trained not to be nervous or be upset at the first failure but try to overcome the hardships and hindrances.

Games and sports also teach us not to be ashamed of failure or resent others superiority. They teach us to take part in the struggle for life like a sportsman, not to boast in success, and to forgive others for their shortcomings. They teach the value of discipline in life. They teach us that the important things are to participate, to Endeavour and to lace but the results are not important. When two people compete with each other one must lose, but the most important thing is to sec that in the competition how fairly, courageously and honestly they have taken part.

Essay on How I Passed My Summer Vacation

Being the best part of the year, I always love summer vacation. A student is free to do anything he likes during these couple of months. He can go to his relations, can take part in all sorts of indoor an outdoor games, or can go to Murree, Swat or other such places if he can afford it.

Last year our school closed on 15th of May and any father chalked out a programme to go to see my elder brother who lived in Manchester After getting visas we started one morning by Emirates Air Lines. We reached Manchester after a flight of ten hours, arriving at Manchester Airport at about 4 in the evening. We came out through the green passage where my brother and his wife were waiting for us. We reached his house and after tea slept for hours.

The next day we went to American Park situated at a distance of forty miles it was a beautiful place. Tue entrance fee was pound five each. We sat in a mini train, embarked a steamer that used to take passengers from one side of the lake to the other; and enjoyed the visit by taking part in every kind of items such as Merry-go-round, swings, horror show, wild water log flume, cork screw roller coaster etc.

One day we went to see the famous Stockholm zoo. It was a wonderful place and so vast that we got tired. My brother then took us to a mini train station. The train which rare about forty feet above the ground took us round the zoo. I saw birds, animals and beast of all kinds there. In a cage four asses from Pakistan were kept. Small boys and girls looked at these asses amazingly.

One night, we went to see the lights of Black Pool. Black Pool is situated at a distance of eighty miles from Manchester. In Black Pool the main road was decorated with coloured lights. The buses and the electric trains that ran along the road were beautifully decorated with lights. The shops were also decorated with lights, it took us about three hours to go from one end of the main road to the other.
A few days after, we again went to Black Pool during day. It is a very interesting place with all kind of amusements. At the gate of the amusement park a doll model of an old woman of life size sat on a chair and laughed loudly. She continued to laugh always without a pause. The amusement park covers about fifty acres or more. We could not see all the stalls due to shortage of time. The entrance fee at each stall ranged from fifty pence’s to two pound per head. F had even not dream of the wonders I saw there.

During our stay at Manchester we visited many places. All these places were far away from there and we had to pay entrance fee everywhere. Alton Tower, Railway Museum at York, the airport of Manchester, the old fort at Yorkshire, the great hanging bridge, the great Shopping Centre at Sheffield interested us most.
Our vacation was coming to and end so with sad heavy hearts, we returned to Pakistan.

Essay on My First Flight By Aeroplane

Last summer vacation my uncle who is a surgeon at Halifax invited my family to visit him. He sent the air tickets and a sponsorship letter addressed to British High commission at Karachi undertaking to bear our expenses there. We got passports issued to us urgently and after much difficulty got three months visa.

One fine morning we reached Karachi airport to take the flight. At the airport formalities were completed and we were then led to the Departure lounge. When the announcer’s call for the passengers for Manchester bound NA flight came, we walked down the corridor to the plane where after showing the Boarding Cards we were taken in and led to our respective seats.

At the appointed time, the doors were shut and the plane began to move slowly. Then it reached the end of the airstrip and began to run. Soon it rose in the air and then began to fly at a height of thirty thousand feet. To peep down through the glass fitted windows was thrilling. The trees, the hills, and the houses looked very small. After an hour the plane got down at Dubai. We were allowed to go up to the airport building where there were some shops filled with foreign goods. We remained at Dubai for an hour.

From Dubai the plane took off and headed for Frankfurt. It was a long and tedious journey. The air hostesses served us breakfast, lunch and tea. Some passengers were served with wine also but we were given Coca Cola. Small television sets were fixed in the upper backside of each seat and we enjoyed the television shows specially shown on these sets. Whenever the plane took off got down or passed through clouds we were warned to fasten our safety belts. En the way to Frankfurt we met many aeroplanes flying towards Dubai. At about 2 p.m. local time we reached Frankfurt.

At Frankfurt we went up to the shopping centre specially constructed for passengers. Each shop was crowded with foreigners. We stayed at Frankfurt for an hour and then took off for Manchester. The plane flew over English channel and England. It flew so low that we could see ships, cars, roads, houses and gardens. At Manchester we got down the plane one by one and got our arrival reported at the counter. Then we went to the waking room. Our relatives were waiting for us. We stayed at Manchester for a few days and then went to Halifax by car.

Essay on Scene at a Railway Station

My cousin had come to US from Lahore last March. After a fortnight he intended to return and got his seat reserved in Tezgam. We reached cant onment station half an hour before the departure of the train, bought platform ticket for three persons who had come to see the cousin off and hired a cooli to carry his luggage.

A ticket chocker was standing at the gate. We handed over to him our tickets. He nipped them and then returned them to us. As we stepped in I saw a large crowd. Some were standing or talking. Some were smoking and some were on the move. It appeared as if there was some fair. A few hawkers were selling their articles such as bangles, sweets, cigarettes etc. There were a few tea stalls and Pan cigarette cabins on platform number one which people had surrounded and were buying tea. cakes, pastries coca cola, cigarettes etc. There were some benches on which people were sitting.

After a few minutes, Tezgam was at the platform. Soon there was a stir. Everybody moved briskly towards the train. Everybody was trying to get in. Coolies were busy in throwing the luggage inside he compartments through the windows. There were shouting, callings noises and commotion. Sonic people were trying to get in to the train through the windows. There was such a noise and tumult as if Doomsday had come.

Since my cousin’s seat was reserved, I searched tar the conductor in-charge, who was responsible for reserved seat. He was standing at one end guiding passengers to their respective compartment in which their seal were reserved. We entered the first class compartment, put our luggage it the specific place and came out to have a stroll along the platform.

The commotion had abated but the noise was there. The train was full of passengers. Still the late corners were trying to get in. Some passengers who were lucky to get their seats were preventing the new corners from entering the compartment. Some were quarreling and some were enjoying the quarrel. Some were trying to pacify the two parties. We went up to the other end of the train. When we returned back, every body was inside the compartments and waiting for the train to move. We hurried to get my cousin seated before the departure of he train. As he entered his compartment, the signal was downed and the train whistled. We came out of the compartment and the train moved.

Wednesday, 27 July 2016

Essay on A Visit to a Zoo

A zoo is a place where different animals from different countries are kept. In other countries arraignments are made to provide their natural surroundings to these animals but in Pakistan they are kept in cages.

One day our family decided to visit zoo. It opens at 0800 hrs in the morning. We bought entry tickets at the main gate and went inside. As we walked a little distance, we saw some zebras looking at us. These were kept in an open space fenced with iron bars. Not far away was an other iron fence covered with wires. In this fence we saw antelopes gazelles, and other kinds of deer. Sonic of them were homed. Some of these dears were grazing and other were looking at us. From there we came to a water pool covered on every side with thick wires. We saw flamingos, pelicans, different kinds of storks, cranes and other water birds like coots, herons, ducks etc. Most of them were busy in catching fish and swallowing them. We stood and saw them for some time. From there we came to a series of cages where parrots of white, crimson, and multi coloured plumage were kept. We had never seen such beautiful parrots. Some bad crowns on their heads. A few yard farther there were cages of falcon and eagles. Some of them were dreadfully big. One was bald.

We, then, went to see tigers, hyena, leopards, lions, wolves and other carnivorous animals. They looked fearful. Some of them were walking to and fro but most of them were inside the rooms constructed for them. Nearby were the cages in which bears and grizzlies were kept. An obnoxious smelt came out of the cages.

We, then, went to see snakes kept in glass rooms. On the glass floor and walls, it was hard for them to creep. Nearby was the aquarium where we saw a lot of beautiful fish. We were astonished to see them. Some of those were multicoloured. From the aquarium we went to see otters kept in a pool. Not far away was a cage in which two lynxes were kept. They had spotted furs and short tails. We were now tired we walked out of the zoo and tested for quarter of an hour in a restaurant and then went home.

Essay on A Visit to A Museum

A museum is a place where objects illustrating antiquity, arts, science etc., are kept, exhibited and studied. In foreign countries there are museums for different articles such as railway museum, clock museum, fossil museum, natural history museum etc.
During last summer vacation I was with my uncle at Halifax. We went to London for a week. One day we went to see British Museum . The museum is kept in a huge building comprising of many storey’s.

The antiquities kept there are divided into sections, such as coins and medals section, Egyptian antiquities section, Greek and Roman Antiquities section, Medieval and Later antiquities section, western Asiatic antiquities section, Prehistoric Roman British Antiquities section and so on. Each section comprises of many rooms, each for different period or place.
In the coins sections coins and medals of different periods are kept. We saw coins of Macedon (357 BC) and Silver Coins of Akragas (421 B.C). Coins of Kanishka of India were also there.

In Egyptian Antiquities section articles of different periods find dynasties are kept. We saw mummies kept in glass cases. We saw stone statue of Ramesses II, glass fish (1370 BC), cat goddess of bronze (600BC), a boat (1850 BC) and many other things.

In Greek and Roman Antiquities section, we saw statues, busts, vases, urns, paintings etc. The Portland Vase bearing the figure of Atlanta, and the head of Augustus made very beautifully, attracted our attention the most.

In the Medieval and Latin antiquities section a lot of things like Pegasus Vase, Venetian glass goblet and mosaic broach attracted us the most. In Western Asiatic Antiquities section, there were two rooms only for articles excavated at Nimrood. In them there were ivory carvings busts etc. A human headed winged bull (710 BC) was also there. This section comprised of 20 rooms. A goat and tree statue made about 2500 BC and the statue of a lion killing a negro were also there and impressed us the most.

In the oriental antiquities section a life size clay figure of a camel., Gandhara relics, a bronze statue of god Vishnu, a bronze ritual vessel (1200 BC) from china, looked grand. In Indian section we saw the royal robe and sword of Tippu Sultan, a hut containing all the articles used by an Indian farmers and other things. The museum was going to the closed at 5 P.M., so we left the museum and went to our hotel.

Essay on A Visit To a Hospital

Last March I went with my cousin to see one of my relations who was a student of Dow Medical College and lived in the Hostel. He took us to his room and entertained us. Then we asked him to show round the Hospital.

First of all we went to the Emergency room. There were benches, chairs and cots lying in the verandah and nearby rooms. In two rooms doctors were examining the patients. Three doctors were attending to the injured people lying on the benches or cots and groaning. A nurse was arranging to transfuse blood plasma. A few patients were getting glucose or saline drips.

Then we went to surgical block. The block comprises of two three-storied buildings. On each of the storeys big rooms were constructed. In those rooms general patients were kept. On every storey there was a room where a doctor and a few nurses were present. The records of patients were kept in these rooms on a table. There was silence all over the area. Then we went to see the operation theatres. They were very tidy. In the centre of each of the two operation theatres there was a table covered with milk white sheet. Over the table there was a big round light apparatus having five bulbs inside and a reflector. An orderly was sitting near the tablet.

Then we went to Neuro Surgery block. It comprised of a two storeyed building. Patients of paralysis, brain tumour and other grave brain diseases were kept there. Nearby stood the medical block. It comprised of there double storeyed buildings.

From there we went to Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation department. There we saw a lot of people getting exercises, diathermy, ultrasound massage and exercises on various specially designed apparatus. The special exercises for disabled persons were being given.
In the last we vent to see the kitchen room run under the supervision of a qualified dietitian. Male and female cooks were busy in cooking various items for the patients. It was hot inside. From the kitchen, we went to the hostel and took tea there.

Essay on A Journey by Air

Last summer vacation my uncle who is a surgeon at Halifax invited my family to visit him. He sent the air tickets and a sponsorship letter addressed to British High commission at Karachi undertaking to bear our expenses there. We got passports issued to us urgently and after much difficulty got three months visa.

One fine morning we reached Karachi airport to take the flight. At the airport formalities were completed and we were then led to the Departure lounge. When the announcer’s call for the passengers for Manchester bound NA flight came, we walked down the corridor to the plane where after showing the Boarding Cards we were taken in and led to our respective seats.

At the appointed time, the doors were shut and the plane began to move slowly. Then it reached the end of the airstrip and began to run. Soon it rose in the air and then began to fly at a height of thirty thousand feet. To peep down through the glass fitted windows was thrilling. The trees, the hills, and the houses looked very small. After an hour the plane got down at Dubai. We were allowed to go up to the airport building where there were some shops filled with foreign goods. We remained at Dubai for an hour.

From Dubai the plane took off and headed for Frankfurt. It was a long and tedious journey. The air hostesses served us breakfast, lunch and tea. Some passengers were served with wine also but we were given Coca Cola. Small television sets were fixed in the upper backside of each seat and we enjoyed the television shows specially shown on these sets. Whenever the plane took off got down or passed through clouds we were warned to fasten our safety belts. En the way to Frankfurt we met many aero planes flying towards Dubai. At about 2 p.m. local time we reached Frankfurt.

At Frankfurt we went up to the shopping centre specially constructed for passengers. Each shop was crowded with foreigners. We stayed at Frankfurt for an hour and then took off for Manchester. The plane flew over English channel and England. It flew so low that we could see ships, cars, roads, houses and gardens. At Manchester we got down the plane one by one and got our arrival reported at the counter. Then we went to the waking room. Our relatives were waiting for us. We stayed at Manchester for a few days and then went to Halifax by car.

Essay on A Journey By a Car

To travel by a car is something very pleasant and exciting. One does not feel imprisoned as one feels in a bus or a train. One is free to stop anywhere and enjoy. There are no strangers to spoil the pleasure of being with one’s own friends or relatives. It is more costly to travel by a car, no doubt, but the freedom and the pleasure it gives far compensates the high cost.

My family lives at Thatta and my uncle with whom I stay at Karachi decided to visit them. One tine winter morning during the winter vacation, this year, we started for Thatta in my uncle’s car. Two of my cousins were also in the car. W got petrol at a filling station and started at about 9 am.
The day was bright and cold. A cold wind was blowing. The sun was bright and hot which gave us warmth’s and comfort. After leaving the tall buildings and the busy road of Karachi behind we drove straight for Thatta.

Buses, wagons, cars and motor cycles ran along the road some bound for Hyderabad via Thatta and some bound for Karachi. The road was not very wide but the vehicles ran fast past us. Bused and trucks were driving recklessly.

We reached Gharo where a relative of ours was the manager in National Bank of Pakistan. There we stopped at the bank. My relative entertained us with tea and cakes which were available there. We stayed there for half an hour. The little town was busy and villagers had conic over there to buy articles of daily need.

From Gharo we drove straight up to Makli. At Makli we went to see the old tombs on the Makli hills. The tombs being looked after by the government were not in good condition. Then we went to see Abdullah Shah’s Mazar which was swarmed with his devotees.
From Makli we drove for Thatta. The road leading to Thatta was well built but had two blind turns. At Thntta market we stopped near the High School and thence walked on foot via Shahi Bazar to my home.

Sunday, 24 July 2016

Essay on A Visit to a Hill Station

To visit a hill station is a great occasion. It proves a great relief when one arrives there after under going the scorching heat of the plane. One feels to have been transported from a hell to a paradise.
My uncle lives at Rawalpindi. During summer vacation last year, we went to see him. He was kind enough to take us one morning to Murree. We took a bus early in the morning. The bus ran along leveled road for some time and then began to run up hill. The road was winding with ninny turns come of which were blind and dangerous. At last we reached the bus stop of Murree.

Thence we went round the city on foot. We climbed up and up. There were tall conical trees Like cypress, pinus, fern, cedar and thuja. A part from these fruit bearing trees like apple, peach, almond, pear were also growing. The sweet fragrance of peach flowers was very refreshing. Green trees and plants, beautiful butterflies, varieties of lovely flowers and sweet songs of small birds enchanted us.
Streets were thronged with people wearing different dresses. Foreigners were also seen. Most of these people were busy n sight seeing. They talked, laughed or smoked. Houses were built in an irregular way. In some cases the roof of one was in the level of the front door of an other. Some houses were built on high hills and some on slopes. It was very difficult to climb up and we were gasping.

It was strange to see clouds floating around us. These clouds, sometimes, get access to a room through an open window and wet every thing present there. sometimes they gathered so thick that it became dark around us but soon they dispersed.

Kashmir Point is a beautiful place at one end of Murree. To look at the snow clad white peaks from Kashmir point was thrilling, no doubt, but it made the eyes painful due to reflection of the very bright light. Some people hired ponies to reach Kashmir Point. The ascent has over tired us so we rested for half an hour there. Then we returned to the bus stop to catch a Pindi bound bus. Over tired but happy we returned after sunset and lay down in our cots with eyes shut for quite a long time.
Last winter, my uncle was posted at Shahdad Kot, a small town in Larkana and I was with him during my winter vacation. One Friday morning he took to me to Moen-Jo-Daro. We took a passenger train and reached Dokri. From Dokri we hired Yakka and after covering eleven miles reached Mohenjo Daro.

After arriving at the ruins of Moen-Jo-Daro we first went to see the museum. It comprises of a single hall. Things excavated at the site were kept there welt arranged. Tools, knives and articles of daily use were arranged on one side. Some toys, remains of a bullock cart, some earthen dolls, bronze statue of a dancing girl, a bust of a bearded man, some seals with figure of bull engraved on them and some inscriptions in a strange language were kept on the other side. In a glass almirah, beautifully made ornaments were arranged. These ornaments contained precious stones and were made very artistically. A necklace of ruby found under the skeleton of a young girl killed near a well in the great massacre by the unknown attackers was also kept there, It was made of ruby pieces. We marveled at the craftsmanship of the people who lived there about five thousand years ago.

After lunch we went to see the ruins. A guide led us along a lane paved with red bricks by the old residents. On either side of the lane there were ruins of houses. In every house there were ruins of rooms, a bath room and a well. The entire city was well planned with an elaborate sewerage system and covered drains. Then we went to see the great public hail and granary now almost mined. From there we went to see the great bathing poor. In this poor there was mechanical arrangement to let water come in and flow out at will. Near the pool some small baths were built where people were required to bath first before entering the pool.

Then the guide took us along a very wide road once paved with red bricks but now dusty with some bricks here and there. This was the main road. On one side, the guide told us, was the busy market place. On the other side ruins of the great palace of the Raah were lying.
It was now four O’clock in the evening and we had to return and catch the passenger train for Shahdad Kot. So we started on our return Journey marveling at the Civilization that had flourished in the valley of Sind, five thousand years ago.

Essay on An Evening at Cinema

I was Friday and was enjoying the holiday when two of my friends came to my house and asked me to get ready to go to the cinema for see the 6 PM Show. I asked them the seats had been booked, The reply was is negative.

We reached Bambino cinema hall at about four in the evening. To my surprise quite a good numbers of people were already present there standing in queues in front of the booking windows. We also stood in the queue before the booking window for first class tickets.
As the booking time approached nearer and nearer, the queues became longer and longer. Some people gathered on both sides of the queues requesting those who were in the queues to buy tickets for them also.

As the booking windows opened, the queues disappeared to a great extent. Every body was pushing others to get access to the window. A few goonda type persons tried to reach the window by diving over the heads of people.

There was commotion and tumult. There were shouts, and protests, It was with great difficulty that we got the tickets. As we came near the entry gate we saw some people black-marketing the tickets. These persons were either employees of the cinema or goondas who had bought the tickets before hand out side the cinema hall there was a crowd, shouting, talking and making noise.

We entered the cinema hall after handing over the tickets to the gate keeper who tore hall of each ticket away and handed over the other halves to us. A man led us to our seats. It was cool inside. In the dim light we could see people sitting, talking or moving side way to get to their seats. A soft murmur could be heard every where Hawkers were shouting out the names of the articles they were selling. We bought popcorn packets and chocolates. Just a few minutes before six a bell rang. Another bell rang a few minutes later with the third bell, the hall became dark and the noise stopped. At first some advertisements were shown and then the picture began. In the interval we came out of the hall and took Coca Cola. Then we went back to see the remaining picture. As the picture came to an end, national anthem was sting and we stood still. Then we came out the hall to go to our home.

Essay on A Morning Walk

A morning is the prettiest time of a day. Before the sun rises, the eastern sky becomes rosy and crimson. The colour fades away gradually and the sun rises like a great crimson ball. Soon it again goes down and then rises the golden sun. It illumines the hills, the vales, the trees the plants, the houses, the mosques, the churches and the temples. Every thing appears golden when the sun rises and is only warm and not hot.

Before the sun rises, a cold breeze blows. If refreshes the body and the mind and feels lonely. The morning walk itself is advantageous. It cases the stiffened joints, brings all muscles into action, makes the blood circulate faster and makes one active.

I and my younger brother love the morning walk. We start running from our home, cross the graveyard and cover a mile. Then we stop running and walk briskly for one and a hail mile up to Shershah park and then return. By breakfast time we reach home and after having a shower we sit to take breakfast.

We start from our home when it is still dark and it takes one and a half hour to complete the routine. We are so habituated to the morning walk that even Quetta wind or rain fails to stop us.
Once we had a queer experience. It was cold and the Quetta wind was blowing. We got lip hit earlier and started our routine. As we ran along the lane passing through the graveyard two constables Saw us and taking us for thieves ran after us asking us to stop. The wind was rough and was blowing from US to the constables and as such we did not hear them shouting and did not stop. That confirmed to them that we were actually thieves. They ran harder and over took us. They caught us by the neck from the behind but when they saw us they were amazed. They asked us why were we running. We told them that we used to run daily as an exercise. They laughed and left us. Since then I always begin my routine after Namaz.

Essay on A Visit to a Jumma Bazar

One Friday, I and my younger brother decided to go to the New Karachi Jumma Bazar as I wanted to buy some Australian Parrots. As we reached the juma bazar we were surprised to see the arrangement.

A large area of land was surrounded with 'Qanats'. Canopies were erected to make the area shady. The area was divided into different blocks for shops of different articles. There were blocks for general-merchandise shops, dry fruit shops, toy shops and others. People were busy in buying and selling things.

There was noise everywhere. At the vegetable and fruit shops we found that things were cheaper. But on close examination we found that the quality of vegetables and fruits was inferior. We came out of the block and went to see other blocks. Every where business was a rush.

In side the area fenced with 'qanats’ the shopkeepers were those who were permanent members of the Juma Bazar and had got their shopping place reserved. Out side the area there were non-member shopkeepers sitting on the ground and displaying their articles. There were cloth sellers, crockery sellers, shoes sellers, spoon and glass sellers etc. Thellas selling tea, burgers, sherbat, cold drinks and fruit juice were also there.

On one side there sat persons with liens and cocks. In a row there were persons selling parrots, pigeons, and other birds. They kept cages before them in which they kept the birds for sale. A few boys had brought only one pigeon in their hands to sell. There was a noise in the market as sale price was being discussed and fixed.

We tried to buy a few Australian parrots. With difficulty and after much discussion we agreed at a rate but when I put my hand in to the pocket it came out of the other end. Some expert pick pocket had cut open my inner pocket and had run away with my money. I told the fact to my younger brother and the seller. We had to return home on foot for we had no money to pay bus fare.

Essay on An Evening Walk

An Evening is a lovely part of a day. The sun goes down to the western horizon. Its heat abates and its dazzling brightness dims. Offices close for the day and people return home expecting worries free, and labour free hours of domestic repose, caress of loving children and their chatting.

My school is a double shifted one. I am the student of morning shift. At 5 o’clock in the evening I usually go for an evening walk. One day as I left my home, one of my cousins also met me in the way and willingly accompanied me. We walked up to the railway crossing and then took the track going along the railway lines. We passed by Liaquatabad railway station and after walking a few furlongs farther we turned to the left and walked along an other track.

Soon we saw a few men running around a field. Some persons were walking and talking. An old man with a Young boy of eight or nine years had also come for evening stroll. We soon left them behind. Then we came upon some people busy in flying kites. Other people and boys were standing around them looking at the kites.

The sun was now setting. It had lost its brightness and looked like a great ball of gold. The sky was crimson and the twilight looked lovely. Then the sun began to assume pink color, and finally it set.
Suddenly we heard a shriek. A very young boy was trembling and looking at a moving object. We looked at it and found it to be a snake creeping lazily away. One of the boys threw a stone at it which hit it on the back and injured it. It could move no farther but it raised its head and hissed. The boys began to hit it with stones. One hit it on the head and it came down. They continued to pelt it with stones till it died.

We then, walked on and took the path leading to (Haidry place). We reached Saifee polytechnic and from there took the street leading us to Paposh Nagar. In my evening walks I have never met an incident like this so I remember it to this day.

Sunday, 17 July 2016

Essay on a Street Accident

Accidents in Karachi are frequent and most them are fatal. In this city life is very cheap. Nobody cares for the safety of others. The bus drivers, the taxi drivers and those who travel on motor cycles a ride scooters drive recklessly un-careful of the results. The long and time consuming court procedure and the bribery save these drivers and they continue to crush people to death.

One day I was waiting for a bus at Numaish. Suddenly, I saw two buses coming from Saddar. Both were of route 4A and were competing with each other, running speedily side by side. All of a sudden there was a big bang and the two buses over turned crushing a few motor cycles and a car with the occupants.

People stood stunned for a while and looked at the buses and then they rushed to take out the injured and the deeds. One of the buses was lying on the side it had the exits. It was too difficult to take People out of it. However a few lean and thin persons smashed the window glass and entered the bus through the It was difficult to bring the leads and the injured out. The injured persons were groaning or were un-conscious. The glass in front of the driver was smashed and the deeds and injured were taken on through the opening.

The road was closed. Dead bodies drenched in blood and the groaning injured men were laid on the road. Nobody could move art injured person without the permission of the Police. They arrived alter an hour. Mean while some persons who could have been saved with immediate medical attention had died of bleeding, shock or injury. A few persons who were still alive were rushed to Civil Hospital and Abbasi Shaheed Hospital.

The road, the buses and the crushed motor cycles and the cars were gory and red stained. Those on the motor cycles and in the car were all crushed to death. It was with difficulty that they were taken out hours after the accident. What a gloomy scene.

Essay on an Evening at Clifton Beach

English Essay on "An Evening at Clifton"


During my stay at Karachi, I had an occasion to go to Clifton, one evening. Clifton is one of the places of Karachi where thousand of pleasure loving people go daily and enjoy. He who does not have a car of his own, catches a Clifton bound bus at Saddar.

Clifton presents the scene of a great Lahore Meta every evening. A multitude, comprising of males and females of all ages gather at the beach. They talk, gossip or laugh. Children run, chase each other and enjoy. Hawkers and Theta walas sell Beetles, cigarettes, chats, mineral water, tea, other eatable things, balloons and other articles.

A wall has been constructed along the beach to keep sea water away from the beach. People sit on the wall and watch the waves coming and breaking at the wall. Camels and horses are brought by local residents. Children and even grown up boys and girls sit on them and enjoy short trips along the beach on them. Groups of people stroll along the beach talking, smiling or laughing.

I sat on the beach wall looking at the merry making people. It seemed that all cares, worries and worldly anxieties have left everyone it was thrilling to see children merry making. With the setting sun the shadows lengthened. The setting sun presented a lovely scene an the twilight made the western horizon colorful. The color, reflected in the water, looked so beautiful that I remained enchanted. With the coming of dusk, the people began to return one by one and soon the beach became deserted. I, too, climbed u the sloping beach and went to the play land.

The play land was flooding with light. Children sitting in small electricity driven cars were driving them. These cars collided with each other frequently. Some people were visiting the aquarium. I also went round the aquarium to look at the beautiful fish, I had never set eyes on before.

From the aquarium I went to the main hail the of play land. In this hail a lot of people were standing. Small boys and girls were busy in different video games. I also inserted a fifty paisa’s coin in the slit of a video game apparatus and peeped through the eyes glass. I saw deer, zebras and lions running fast. I was required to shoot them by pressing a button but I failed to shoot any. At last we were returned at my home.

Essay on A Picnic at a Sea Side

English Essay on "A Picnic at a Sea Side"

Last summer, when I was at Karachi, my uncle decided to go to Paradise Point for an outing (for picnic). We hired a bus for the entire day and reached there at 8 in the morning. We hired a hut there, took our breakfast consisting of toasts, Jam and tea and bought fresh water from some local resident at rupees ten a tin.

Then ‘I, with my cousins, went for a stroll along the shore. We collected shells of different types and colors. Some conches were also collected. We talked of waves, storm, ships whales and sharks. Waves after waves came and wetted our feet which were without shoes. We moved a few steps up the beach but the waves chased us. By and by it was full tide.

After the stroll we decided to bathe but uncle did not allows us. He told us that the sea was high and stormy and it was not advisable to bathe. Reluctantly, we sat on the sand by the hut and played ludo for some time. Tired of ludo, we again went for a stroll. We met some other boys who had also come form Karachi for picnic. We talked about our schools, house and other things and then we decided to play Kabbadi.

We played Kabbdi for an hour and then Went to our hut we were hungry. The lunch was delicious. After lunch we rested for an hour listening to music.
My cousins had brought a football. We began to play on the beach. Soon other boys from neighboring huts joined us. We played a hearty game till we were tired. The sea had receded back by then. With the permission of uncle we entered the sea to bathe. He had given us a rope and had ordered us all to hold it during our stay in the water we were not allowed to go far or to swim. We enjoyed the waves that came one after another to drench us.

It was now evening. Local residents had come with ponies and camels. We sat on the camel in twos. The owner of the camel did not Lake us far. Then we had pony ride. All the money I and my cousins had in our pockets was all spent on these rides. We again went for a stroll along the shore and collected shells. By that time, the sun had set and it was dark. We decided to return and sat in the bus for the return journey.

Thursday, 14 July 2016

Essay on A walk on the Beach

A Walk on the Beach

There are very few who don’t recognize the sights, sounds, and smells of one of the most visited places in history. Almost everyone has been there once in their lives, and even as small children, the experience never escapes. I have been fortunate to visit the beach numerous times, but one has stayed in my mind more than others. One most people have not had the chance to participate in.
Close your eyes and imagine a day at the beach. What do you see? Most would answer a sunny, hot, stuffed, but beautiful day. My experience is of a different kind. I woke up one morning during Spring Break in Gulf Shores, Alabama expecting the usual day. However, when I looked out my window, the sun was not shining and it was raining. Everyone was inside was watching television and my friend went shopping with her mom, so I seized the moment and suited up. I didn’t bring a lot of "cold gear" with me, but I did manage to find some wind pants and a sweatshirt.
Right away I was put in a place I hadn’t been before. I walked down the stairs that met the beach, and placed my feet in the sand. It was very cold. The sand was missing that mid-morning burn. This feeling that can be compared with walking on fire. In past years, I had to run for the water to save my feet from being scorched, but now I was wondering whether or not I should keep my shoes on. The beach was full of debris from the previous night’s storm, and I was walking on crushed shells and seaweed. It felt like walking on jelly as it squished in and out of my toes.
It was strange being on the beach and not having anyone out there with me. I remember walking down a strip of beach that was never so desolate. Looking left, I saw dozens of sand creations the rain had not been able to ruin yet. There were alligators, castles, mermaids, and many others.
When I looked right, I saw a different ocean than what had been there the previous three days. 

Sunday, 3 July 2016

Essay On Village Life Essay On Village Uplift

Essay On Village Uplift Essay On Village Life 


Nobody can deny that with the growth of cities the villages have been considerably neglected. Ever since the light of Western civilisation came into our country we have been developing a craze for city life. Now-a-days the people are attracted to the cities for the comforts and luxuries of life which they cannot enjoy in their village homes. Under these circumstances we must try to improve our villages.

In the Punjab. Mr. F.L. Brayane was the first • official to think of village uplift. While acting as the Deputy Commissioner -of Gujrat, he studied villages at first hand, was grieved and shocked by the deplorable conditions obtaining in them.: and set about earnestly to reconstruct them.

First of all, he emphasises the value of education. According to him, ignorance, more than anything else, is responsible for the backwardness of the Pakistani peasant. Steeped in age-old ignorance, the peasant does not know his own interest. If he ignores the laws of health and sanitation, runs into enormous debts, or follows ancient methods of agriculture, it is because he lacks enlightenment. The remedy suggested is that primary education should be made compulsory for both boys and girls.

The second, the villager is content with passing his days in unhealthy surroundings. He does not care much if streets of village are dirty or if houses have no arrangement for fresh air. He allows dirty water to collect in pits and ponds situated about the village, with the result that they attract mosquitoes in and who spread malaria and trouble. Thus the villager is to be exhorted to keep his houses and streets clean by throwing the dung hills and rubbish into pits.

The third thing that a peasant is required to do is to improve his agriculture. Agriculture is the main profession of the industry in the village; and, of late, it has fallen into a rut. The peasants can .make it a paying profession by using scientific implements by importing bulls of excellent breed, by using better seeds, manures. and ploughs.

Lastly, the peasants are advised to shake off a number of social evils from which they suffer. It is seen that they spend money lavishly on marriages and births and are prone to be extravagant when they come by money. They are over fond of litigation. They commit murders over trifles; and resort to the court so often that they pay the best part of their income to the lawyers. The peasant, thus, is advised to get rid of all these evils.



There is no doubt that if the peasant acts upon these suggestions he is bound to prosper. He would be able to lead an infinitely better life, if he makes whole-hearted attempts to improve his home and his farm.

Essay On The Autobiography Of A Rupee

Essay On The Autobiography Of A Rupee.

I am coins of one rupee but this time I am very old and have been in circulation for many years. But I can still remember my early youth. My active life began when I was paid over the counter of a bank, along with other new rupees, to a gentleman who cashed a cheque. I went off jingling in his pocket; but I was not long there, as he gave me to a shopkeeper. The shopkeeper looked pleased, and hanged me on the counter to see if I were genuine. The he threw me into a drawer.

There were lot of coins in the drawer. I soon found I was in mixed company. I took no notice of the greasy copper coins as I knew they were of very low caste. I was condescending to the small change, knowing that I was twice as valuable as the best of them the eight-anna pieces, and sixteen times better than the cheeky little annas. Also found number of rupees of my own rank, but. I was the most beautiful of all of them. Most had become old and ugly, So I felt proud of myself.

Some of the coins became jealous of my beautiful look and showed very rude behaviour with me.. But a very bold rupee was kind, and gave me good advice. He told me I must respect old rupees, and always keep the small change in their place. He summed 'Second day the drawer was opened and. I was given to a lady. She put me into her purse. But the purse had a hole in it and, as she walked along the street.

 I feel out and rolled into the gutter, where I lay for a long time. At last a dirty boy picked me up; and for some time I was in low company passing between poor people and petty shopkeepers in dirty little streets. But at last I got into good society, and most of my time I have been in the pockets and purses ,of the rich.

I enjoyed a lot with their company.I do not have much time to tell the adventures of my life. I


have lived an active life, and never rested long anywhere. Anyway. I have had a better life than a rupee I knew who spent all his time locked up in a miser's strong box. What a dull life!

Essay On Supermarkets/Marketplace

Essay On Supermarkets.

Supermarkets are increasingly becoming a feature of modern urban life. In design and service, they are a departure from the old- fashioned markets.Instead of a number of open walled sheds of concrete pillars supporting asbestos roofs, the physical side of the supermarkets consists of the ground floor of an ultra modern four or five-story building with glass walls in front. The comparison does not stop there.

In the old-fashioned markets, the housewife goes to one corner of one of the long sheds to buy pork; from there she moves to another part of another shed to buy beef; she may then cross over to the shed on the other side to buy vegetables, and then move on to another stall in the next shed to look for fish -- all sheds, of course, enclosed in the same fenced compound.

By the time a housewife finishes her Saturday marketing for a week she might have walked in and out of the sheds, and across the compound, a distance of nearly two furlongs. As she prepares to enter the fish stall, she may find the municipal worker washing the floor, pumping water through a hose and may have to move away so as not to get wet. On her way across to the work stall she may see a blind beggar asking for alms. Old- fashioned markets are also very noisy places.

In the supermarkets all types of merchandise are stored and arranged neatly on steel shelves and glass walled show cases under the same roof enclosed by glass walls. There is neatness and orderliness. As housewife can buy all the merchandise by walling along the counter, picking and choosing what she wants.

The pleasure and pain of bargaining cannot be experienced in the supermarkets. Prices are fixed and labelled. It is for the housewife to choose whether or not she wants to buy a particular foodstuff. When she buys, she does so on the terms laid down by the supermarkets. If she decides not to buy tomatoes at 40 cents per pound, she may not find a nearby rival vegetable dealer calling her attention to try out his tomatoes. From this point of view, supermarkets are organised to establish monopoly in business by stifling competition.

Efficiency and promptness in service are maintained at the expense of the customers.
The comparatively high price a housewife pays for merchandise bought from supermarkets is in one way justified as foodstuffs are stored under strictly hygienic conditions. It is true that the customer can get a wide variety of foodstuffs under the single roof of the supermarket; but freshness of meat, vegetables, fruit and fish is lost when they are preserved in refrigerators and in the vast stores behind the paste board walls.

Exactly when the clock at the tower chimes five, the glass-doors of the supermarkets are closed. No frantic hurry is seen to dispose of the remaining stock at reduced prices as one can witness in the old-fashioned markets. At night we can see the display of goods in the brightly lit supermarket through its glass walls. The next day the same foodstuffs which have lost their freshness are sold at the same fixed price.

In the old-fashioned markets, the stall holders bring the meat of freshly slaughtered pig, goat or cow. and fresh fish and vegetables. It is the daily demand that decides the stock of their merchandise; whereas the supermarkets specialise in bulk buying and large sales.



We live in an affluent world where the influence of commerce and business permeates practically every facet of man's life. Supermarkets are creations of the ingenuity of the world of commerce and business to satisfy the desire of the affluent part of society for sophistication in service and merchandise even in the, sphere of marketing.

Essay On The Pesticide Problems

Essay On The Pesticide Problems.

What is the pesticide problem? To put it simply, pesticides are sued to increase productivity in agriculture to meet the growing demands of the exploding population. One of the ways of increasing productivity is by controlling and destroying plant and animal pets that pose a great danger to agriculture. For this, pesticides, such as weed killers, insecticides, and rat killers, are used.

Very recently you might have read in local papers that a rare disease had affected the rubber trees of Pulau Langkawi and some other parts of Kedah. Had the disease been allowed to spread, it
would have destroyed millions of rubber trees and as a result our country's economy would have been very adversely affected. To prevent this the Rubber Research Institute of Malaya used some form of pesticide for aerial spraying over the affected area, thereby bring the disease under control.

This is only one instance of the great benefit we derive from the use of pesticides. Without doubt pesticides play a vital part in the agricultural and general economic development of a country. This is particularly so for the over-populated, underdeveloped agrarian countries of the world.

While laying great emphasis on the benefits that pesticides confer on agricultural production we tend to ignore its harmful effects. The magnitude of the harmful side-effects of pesticides is a matter of debate. Nevertheless, the fact that there are harmful side effects in the use of pesticides is conceded by all. A public debate on the use of pesticides is an urgent necessity. We are strengthened in this belief by the fact that in some countries like the United States of America and Britain there is a complete ban on the use of certain types of pesticide.

Some of the harmful side-effects of pesticides include the poisoning of human beings, animal and plant life. Pesticides are used to kill certain pets that destroy crops; but these pesticides are not specifically meant for any particular type of pest. As a result when we use pesticides in an area, they kill some other organisms as well. We often hear of domestic animals that die as a result of eating leaves and grass from areas where these pesticides are used. When pesticides are used in an area they spread in the atmosphere, in the water, and are found in animal bodies. They produce complex interaction in animal bodies.

They produce complex interaction in animals and human beings. In places where pesticides are spread by means of aerial spraying over large areas of forests there is evidence of large scale wildlife casualties. The examination of large number of birds is another harmful side-effect of the use of pesticides in forests.

The destruction of plant life following the use of pesticides is acute when it is sprayed over an area where there is a complicated mosaic of different crops. What is meant to destroy a certain pest in a particular crop may destroy some other crop as well. In the case of spraying pesticides over vast areas that support the same crop, the possibility of destruction of other forms of crop or plant life is very remote. The poison from pesticides found accumulated in the animal and plant food that we eat could have harmful affects on the human species.

The frightening destruction of wild life and plant life by pesticides, and the dangers they pose to human beings have given rise to alarm and reaction against the indiscriminate use of pesticides. Considering the large-scale use of pesticides in nearly all countries of the world, and realising its harmful effects on human species, animal -- domestic and wild-- and plant life, it is of urgent necessity that all those concerned with the use of pesticides -- agriculturists, industrialists, medical authorities and conservation biologists -- should make concerted efforts to encourage research in the extend and magnitude of the harmful effects, and the manufacture pesticides only for certain specific purposes.

 In the meantime, if there is a strong case for the use of any pesticide with very dangerous side-effects, it should be dismissed in the large interest of human society.